Location of Mustang
|• Total||3,573 km2 (1,380 sq mi)|
|• Density||3.8/km2 (9.8/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NPT (UTC+5:45)|
Mustang District(Nepali: मुस्ताङ जिल्ला Listen (help·info)), a part of Dhaulagiri Zone, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, with Jomsom as its headquarters, covers an area of 3,573 km² and has a population (2001) of 14,981.
The district straddles the Himalayas and extends northward onto the Tibetan plateau. Upper Mustang, the former Lo Kingdom comprises the northern two-thirds of the district. This kingdom was a dependency of the Kingdom of Nepal but was abolished by the republican Government of Nepal on October 7, 2008.
In addition to trekking routes through the Lo Kingdom ("Upper Mustang") and along the Annapurna Circuit in lower Mustang, the district is famous for the springs and village of Muktinath (a popular Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage site), apples, and Marpha brandy. Mustang was a lost kingdom of Tibet where traditions may remain more Tibetan than in Tibet proper following its annexation by China.
Geography and Climate
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Temperate||2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
|Subalpine||3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
|Alpine||4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
|Nival||above 5,000 meters||8.8%|
|Trans-Himalayan||3,000 to 6,400 meters
9,800 to 21,000 ft.
Village Development Committees (VDCs)
- Charang, Chhonhup, Chhoser, Chhusang
- Jhong, Jomsom
- Kagbeni, Kowang, Kunjo
- Lete, Lo Manthang
- Marpha, Muktinath
The natural beauty of Mustang district
Mustang district is known as the desert of Nepal, however, it is one of the most beautiful districts. There are impressive mountains and there are lots of trees and plants which make parts of the district green, and there are rivers, small ponds and lakes. Animals found there include snow leopard, kasturi deer, ghoral, wild boar etc., and birds like danphe, munal, kalij etc. There are lots of colourful flowers found growing in this district. Many people are attracted to visit by its natural beauty.
Not only nature makes this district attractive but also the many interesting monasteries (gumba), clay-walled houses, its Tibetan culture etc.
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system, . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7803-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- Shrestha, Mani R.; Rokaya, Maan B.; Ghimire, Suresh K. (2005). "Vegetation pattern of Trans-Himalayan zone in the North-West Nepal". Nepal Journal of Plant Sciences 1: 129–135. Retrieved Feb 7, 2014.
- Banerji, Gargi; Basu, Sejuti. "Climate Change and Himalayan Cold Deserts: Mapping vulnerability and threat to ecology and indigenous livelihoods". Pragya. Gurgaon, Haryana, India. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
- Districts of Nepal at statoids.com
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