Timote language

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Timote
Cuica
Migurí
Native to Venezuela
Native speakers
unknown (perhaps 200 in the village of Mutús cited 1977)[1]
Timotean
  • Timote
Dialects
Timote
Cuica
?Mutú (Loco)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 muf [Mutú, retired]
Linguist list
qpj Timote-Cuica
  qdu Maguri
Glottolog timo1237  (Timote-Cuica)[2]

Timote, also known as Cuica or Timote–Cuica, was the language of the Timote–Cuica state in the Venezuelan Andes, around the present city of Mérida and south of Lake Maracaibo.

The language is reported to have gone extinct in the early to mid 20th century. However, in 1977 it was reported that the indigenous village of Mutús, in the heart of the old Timote state, still spoke an indigenous language, which would presumably be Timote. The name is apparently Timote, as 'Timote' itself derives from ti-motɨ 'Mutú speakers', and mutú or mukú is a common toponym in the region. This lead had not been followed up as of Adelaar (2004).

Dialects[edit]

The Timote and Cuica peoples apparently spoke dialects of a single language; some of the last reports of Cuica claim it was nothing other than Timote. Data is limited, but the connection is clear in the numerals:

Gloss Timote Cuica
1 karí
2 xem, xen
3 šut, sut,
hisxut
šuent
4 pit pití
5 kabó,
kabok
kamó
6 kasum, kaksúm,
kapsún
katseunt
7 mai-xem,
mai-xén
ma-en
8 mai-xut,
mai-sxut
mabi-šuent
9 mai-pit mabi-pita
10 tabís

Consonant clusters, somewhat unusual for the area, are found, especially in Cuica: kču 'bird', stots 'blood', Timote klef 'rainy season', hutn 'dog'.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mutús: a language of Venezuela". ''Ethnologue'' 14. 2000. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Timote-Cuica". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Adelaar, Willem & Pieter Muysken (2004). The Languages of the Andes. Cambridge University Press. pp. 124–129

External links[edit]