|Publication date||October – December 1986|
|Penciller(s)||John Romita Jr.
John E. Workman Jr.
|Mutant Massacre||ISBN 0-7851-0224-8|
"Mutant Massacre" was a major Marvel Comics crossover storyline, which took place during late 1986. It primarily involved the superhero teams the X-Men and X-Factor and the solo hero Thor. The New Mutants, Power Pack, and Daredevil crossed over for an issue each in their own comic books.
The crossover was a surprise success, yielding huge sales boosts to the already popular mutant-based books, and ultimately prompting Marvel Comics's long-running policy of holding such mutant crossovers annually.
The mysterious Marauders attack a mutant named Tommy and her Hellfire Club boyfriend in Los Angeles for the purpose of following her back to New York and finding the location of the underground mutant community known as the Morlocks. The Marauders kill Tommy and hundreds of Morlocks before the X-Men and X-Factor teams arrive separately and fight them, avoiding the total slaughter of the Morlocks. The two teams however do not meet during the battle and suffer crippling losses: X-Factor's Angel is crucified by the Marauders while the X-Men's Colossus, Shadowcat, and Nightcrawler are all severely wounded. X-Factor's casualties are less due to the arrival of Power Pack and Thor, who help save the horribly wounded Angel and the rest of X-Factor from suffering any additional harm.
Thor uses his powers to cleanse the dead from the Morlock tunnels with fire, which causes problems for the X-Men, who briefly believe that the firestorm was caused by the Marauders and believe that the New Mutants died in said fire.
Meanwhile Wolverine saves the Power Pack from the Marauder Sabretooth. After the fight, Sabretooth follows Logan home to the X-Mansion. He destroys Cerebro, but is kept from hurting the other Morlocks when Psylocke engages Sabretooth in battle. Wolverine and the rest of the X-Men arrive and Sabretooth falls off a nearby cliff in order to escape the X-Men, pursued into the water by Wolverine. As the fight continues in the ocean, Psylocke is able to glean some information about the Marauders from Sabretooth's mind.
- Uncanny X-Men #210 (Prologue)
- Uncanny X-Men #211
- New Mutants #46
- Uncanny X-Men #212
- Uncanny X-Men #213
- X-Factor #9 (Prologue)
- X-Factor #10
- Thor #373
- Power Pack #27
- Thor #374
- X-Factor #11
Daredevil #238 is set after the events of the Mutant Massacre. The issue features Daredevil fighting Sabretooth after his escape from the X-Mansion.
- Angel is pinned to the wall by Harpoon and Blockbuster, causing massive trauma to his wings, which are later amputated following the onset of gangrene. He eventually has his wings replaced by Apocalypse and becomes Archangel.
- Shadowcat becomes trapped in her phased form while protecting Rogue from Harpoon. This results in a molecular deterioration that almost kills her. She is saved at the last minute by Reed Richards and Doctor Doom.
- Wounded by Riptide's throwing stars, Colossus is briefly quadriplegic as a result of Magneto using his powers to heal the damage.
- Nightcrawler, already badly injured after a battle with Nimrod, is left comatose after battling Riptide.
- The Morlock Masque assumes control over the diminished Morlocks who return to the tunnels after the "Inferno" event. He uses his flesh altering powers to forcibly disfigure all Morlocks under his rule, an act that causes many Morlocks to go insane.[volume & issue needed]
- Wolverine discovers that Jean Grey is alive after smelling her scent in the tunnels, but keeps the knowledge a secret from the rest of the X-Men.
- Apocalypse saves Plague from being killed by Harpoon and transforms her into his horseman Pestilence.
- It is later revealed that Gambit was employed by Mister Sinister to assemble the Marauders. Gambit is temporarily expelled from the X-Men for his part in the massacre.
Here is the list of Morlocks that were killed during the Mutant Massacre and the issue they were killed in:
|Character||Death||Mutant power||Method of death|
|Annalee||Uncanny X-Men #211||Empathy||Shot by Scalphunter.|
|Berzerker||X-Factor #11||Electrical powers||Cyclops' optic blast knocked him into the river where he electrocuted himself.|
|Blowhard||X-Factor #11||Wind exhaling||Shot by the Savage Wolf Gang leader.|
|Cybelle||Uncanny X-Men #211||Acid sweat||Killed by Harpoon.|
|Piper II||Uncanny X-Men #211||Controlled animals using music||Killed by Scalphunter.|
|Scaleface||X-Factor #11||Transforms into a large, lizard-like creature||Shot by the police.|
|Tommy||Uncanny X-Men #210||Two-dimensional ability||Killed by Harpoon.|
|Zeek||X-Factor #10||Unknown||Killed by Harpoon.|
Hundreds of other Morlocks were killed, but were not identified in the comics. Annalee is the only established character among the casualties; the others were all generic characters whose sole purpose was to be victims of the massacre. This aspect of the story was satirized in What The--?! #4.
Background and creation
Writer Chris Claremont originally conceived the systematic killing of the Morlocks as a storyline that would run in the pages of Uncanny X-Men, but X-Factor writer Louise Simonson felt that such a big storyline would run overlong in a single title, and suggested that it be done as a crossover between all three mutant titles.
Claremont and Simonson, the chief writers of the crossover, exchanged copies of their typewritten plots and scripts, and extensively discussed the intersecting storylines over the telephone. Asked what it was like to coordinate all the Mutant Massacre-linked stories, Simonson said "It was horrible. I don't know why we're thinking of doing this again."
Walt Simonson, who wrote the Thor installments of "Mutant Massacre" and penciled the X-Factor installments, said:
Partly, what we were trying to do in the crossover was not create a string of beads where you had to go from one bead to the next bead to the next bead in order to follow the entire storyline. What we were trying to do, rather, was to take several separate skeins and intertwine them in such a way that in the end they formed a coherent whole, but then unwound and went in their own directions. And you can follow any one skein through the Massacre: you can read X-Men, you can read X-Factor, or you can read Thor, New Mutants, Power Pack, or Daredevil without really having to go over and read all the other books. But, of course, then you don't get the whole picture.
The storyline has been collected into a trade paperback:
- Mutant Massacre (256 pages, October 1996, ISBN 0-7851-0224-8)
A hardcover edition was released in 2010. This edition collects Uncanny X-Men #210-214, X-Factor #9-11, New Mutants #46, Thor #373-374, Power Pack #27, and Daredevil #238:
- Mutant Massacre (320 pages, January 2010, ISBN 0-7851-3805-6)
- Mutant Massacre (320 pages, February 2013, ISBN 0-7851-6741-2)
- Grant, Paul J. (August 1993). "Poor Dead Doug, and Other Mutant Memories". Wizard: X-Men Turn Thirty. pp. 66–69.
- X Factor #10
- X Factor #24 - 26
- Uncanny X-Men #211
- Fantastic Four vs. X-Men #4
- Uncanny X-Men #212
- Uncanny X-Men #263
- Uncanny X-Men #350
- Sanderson, Peter (October 1986). "Walt & Louise Simonson". Comics Interview (39) (Fictioneer Books). pp. 42–57.