Mutiny on the Bounty (1935 film)
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|Mutiny on the Bounty|
|Directed by||Frank Lloyd|
|Produced by||Frank Lloyd
James Norman Hall
Nat W. Finston (uncredited)
|Edited by||Margaret Booth|
|Running time||132 minutes|
|Box office||$4,460,000 (rentals)|
The film was one of the biggest hits of its time. Although its historical accuracy has been questioned (inevitable as it is based on a novel about the facts, not the facts themselves), film critics consider this adaptation to be the best cinematic work inspired by the mutiny.
- Charles Laughton as Captain Bligh
- Clark Gable as Fletcher Christian
- Franchot Tone as Byam
- Herbert Mundin as Smith
- Eddie Quillan as Ellison
- Dudley Digges as Bacchus
- Donald Crisp as Burkitt
- Henry Stephenson as Sir Joseph Banks
- Francis Lister as Captain Nelson
- Spring Byington as Mrs. Byam
- Movita Castaneda as Tehani (as Movita)
- Mamo Clark as Maimiti (as Mamo)
- Byron Russell as Quintal
- Percy Waram as Coleman
- David Torrence as Lord Hood
- Douglas Walton as Stewart
- Ian Wolfe as Maggs
- DeWitt Jennings as Fryer
- Ivan F. Simpson as Morgan (as Ivan Simpson)
- Vernon Downing as Hayward
- Bill Bambridge as Hitihiti (as William Bambridge)
- Marion Clayton as Mary Ellison (as Marion Clayton)
- Stanley Fields as Muspratt
- Wallis Clark as Morrison
- Crauford Kent as Lieutenant Edwards (as Craufurd Kent)
- Pat Flaherty as Churchill
- Alec Craig as McCoy
- Hal LeSueur as Millard
- French Polynesia
- Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios - 10202 W. Washington Blvd., Culver City, California, USA (studio)
- Monterey Bay, Monterey, California, USA
- Monterey Harbor, Monterey, California, USA
- Sailing Ship Restaurant, Pier 42, The Embarcadero, San Francisco, California, USA (ship "Ellen" as "The Bounty")
- San Miguel Island, California, USA
- Santa Barbara Channel, Channel Islands, California, USA
- Santa Catalina Island, Channel Islands, California, USA
- South Beach Harbor, South Beach, San Francisco, California, USA (ship "Ellen" as "The Bounty")
- South Pacific, Pacific Ocean
- Tahiti, French Polynesia
Hollywood star James Cagney (then on a hiatus from Warner Bros. during a contract dispute) and future stars David Niven and Dick Haymes were uncredited extras in the movie. Cagney is clearly visible toward the beginning of the film.
Charles Laughton, who had a severe self-image complex concerning his weight and unattractive looks, suffered horribly in comparing himself to the handsome, masculine Clark Gable. Laughton would constantly watch his own walk, gestures, and face, making sure not to let his complex be projected.
A British merchant navy officer recalled in his memoirs seeing the fore and aft-rigged schooner Commodore II being broken up in Cape Town in 1945, having suffered severe gale damage, and that this was the ship that had been re-rigged for the film.
According to MGM records the film earned $2,250,000 in the US and Canada and $2,210,000 elsewhere resulting in a profit of $909,000.
Awards and honors
(Irving Thalberg and Albert Lewin producers)
|Best Director||Frank Lloyd||John Ford – The Informer|
|Best Actor||Clark Gable||Victor McLaglen – The Informer|
|Best Writing, Screenplay||Jules Furthman, Talbot Jennings and Carey Wilson||Dudley Nichols – The Informer|
|Best Music, Scoring||Nat W. Finston and Herbert Stothart
("Love Song of Tahiti" written by Walter Jurmann, uncredited)
|Max Steiner – The Informer|
|Best Film Editing||Margaret Booth||Ralph Dawson – A Midsummer Night's Dream|
American Film Institute recognition
- AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies #86
- AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains:
- Captain Bligh, Villain #19
Other Film Versions
A 1962 three-hours-plus widescreen Technicolor remake, starring Marlon Brando as Fletcher Christian and Trevor Howard as Captain Bligh, was a disaster both critically and financially at the time, but has come to be reevaluated by critics.
In 1984, Mel Gibson played Christian opposite Anthony Hopkins as Bligh in a film (based not upon the Nordhoff-Hall novels but on an historical work by Richard Hough) called The Bounty. This latest version, which gives a far more sympathetic view of Bligh, is considered to be the closest to historical events.
The 1935 version was itself not the first film account of the mutiny. In 1933, an Australian film entitled In the Wake of the Bounty, with the then-unknown Errol Flynn as Fletcher Christian, was released, but was not successful and received few bookings outside Australia. There was also an even earlier film, the 1916 Australian–New Zealand film, The Mutiny on the Bounty directed by Raymond Longford
- Friz Freleng's cartoon Mutiny on the Bunny casts Yosemite Sam (called Shanghai Sam) as a foul-tempered skipper who shanghais Bugs Bunny, only to see Bugs rebel. Also, in one scene in Freleng's earlier Buccaneer Bunny, Bugs dresses up as Capt. Bligh (including a visual and vocal impression of Charles Laughton) and barks out orders to Sam (called Seagoin' Sam).
- The 1967 Lost in Space episode "Mutiny in Space" features Ronald Long imitating Charles Laughton in the role of spaceship captain "Admiral Zahrk."
- Morcambe and Wise performed a sketch with Arther Lowe famous for playing Captain Mainwaring in Dad's Army as Capatain Bly. At the end of the sketch it is announced Bligh has some loyal crewmen who turn out to be others stars of Dad's Army.
- In The Simpsons episode "The Wettest Stories Ever Told" features the family telling stories set on ships. The second segment is a parody on Mutiny on the Bounty and casts Principal Skinner as Capt. Bligh, brutalizing the crew members (played by Bart, Milhouse, Martin, Nelson, Jimbo, Dolph and Kearney).
- Brown, Gene (1995). Movie Time: A Chronology of Hollywood and the Movie Industry from Its Beginnings to the Present. New York: Macmillan. p. 125. ISBN 0-02-860429-6. In New York, the film opened at the Capitol Theatre, the site of many prestigious MGM film premieres.
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
- Mutiny on the Bounty, Overview. Movie Guy 24/7. Retrieved April 14, 2013
- "Charles Laughton". Hollywood Greats. Series 2. Episode 5. August 31, 1978. 12-13 minutes in.
- Le Page, Peter "A working lifetime" (1991)
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- Mutiny on the Bounty (1935) at the Internet Movie Database
- Mutiny on the Bounty at the TCM Movie Database
- synopsis at AllMovie
- Mutiny on the Bounty at Rotten Tomatoes
- Mutiny on the Bounty at Virtual History