Mutwa

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The Mutwa are a Muslim community found in the state of Gujarat in India and a province of Sindh in Pakistan. They are one of a number of communities of Maldhari pastoral nomads found in the Banni region of Kutch.[1]

History and origin[edit]

The Mutwa are Qureshi Arabs, whose ancestors arrived in South Asia with Muhammad bin Qasim, the Arab conqueror of Sindh. They settled in the neighbourhood of Hyderabad in Sindh. One of the Talpur rulers demanded a bride from the community, and when they refused, had to flee Sindh and settled in the Banni region of Kutch.[2]

Present circumstances[edit]

The community is concentrated in the districts of Morvi, Dhoraji, Rajkot, Porbandar, Jamnagar, Junagarh and the Banni region of Kutch. They speak Kutchi with heavy Sindhi loanwords. The community is split into two clans, the Peerana and Moorana. Both clans are of equal status, and intermarriages are common.[3]

The Mutwa are a cattle breeding community, and have much in common cultural with other Maldhari communities such as the Halaypotra.They sell their life stock in the markets of Bhuj and Rajkot.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 983-986
  2. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 983-986
  3. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 983-986