Muwatalli II

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See also Muwatalli I
Muwatalli II
Other names Muwatallis II
Title King of the Hittites
Predecessor Mursili II
Successor Mursili III
Religion Hittite religion
Spouse(s) Tanu-Ḫepa
Children Mursili III
Ulmi-Teshup
Parents Mursili II
Queen Gassulawiya
Relatives Hattusili III (brother)
Tudhaliya IV (nephew)

Muwatalli II (mNIR.GÁL) (also Muwatallis, or Muwatallish) was a king of the New Kingdom of the Hittite empire (ca. 1295–1272 BC (short chronology)).

Biography[edit]

He was the eldest son of Mursili II and Queen Gassulawiya, and he had several siblings.

He is best known as the Hittite ruler who fought Ramesses II to a standstill at the Battle of Kadesh around 1274 BC. Aside from the battle with Egypt, he is best known for relocating the Hittite capital to Tarhuntassa[1] and appointing his brother Hattusili as governor in Hattusa.

A copy of a treaty has been recovered between him and Alaksandu, ruler of Wilusa (Troy), one of the Arzawa lands.

Egyptologists[citation needed] suspect that some time prior to Ramesses II's accession to the Egyptian throne, Muwattalli had reached an informal peace treaty or understanding with Seti I over Kadesh to avoid a clash between the two superpowers over control of Syria. In it, Seti effectively ceded Kadesh to the Hittite king in order to focus on domestic issues in Egypt.

Muwatalli had a wife named Tanu-Ḫepa and at least two children. One was Urhi-Teshup, who became king as Mursili III until his uncle Hattusili III deposed him. Another was Kurunta who became the vassal ruler of Tarhuntassa during the reign of Hattusili III. Another person named Ulmi-Teshup is suggested to be a third son[2] of Muwatalli II but it is quite likely that Ulmi-Teshup and Kurunta are the same person.[3]

Tudhaliya IV and Egyptian Queen Maathorneferure were the nephew and niece of Muwatalli.

Muwatalli's namesake, Muwatalli I, was a pre-Empire king of the early 14th century, the predecessor of Tudhaliya I.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ cf. 'The Shift of the royal seat to Tarhuntassa' by Trevor Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites (new edition), Oxford University Press, 2005. p.230
  2. ^ Houwink ten Cate, Ph. H. J. (1994) "Urhi-Tessup revisited," 'Bibliotheca Orientalis' 51, p. 233-59
  3. ^ Gurney, O. R. "Ulmi-Tešup Treaty," 'Anatolian Studies' 43, p. 13-28; Bryce, T. (2005) 'Kingdom of the Hittites' p. 270-1

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mursili II
Hittite king
ca. 1295–1272 BC
Succeeded by
Mursili III