- See also Muwatalli I
|Other names||Muwatallis II|
|Title||King of the Hittites|
|Relatives||Hattusili III (brother)
Tudhaliya IV (nephew)
He is best known as the Hittite ruler who fought Ramesses II to a standstill at the Battle of Kadesh around 1274 BC. Aside from the battle with Egypt, he is best known for relocating the Hittite capital to Tarhuntassa and appointing his brother Hattusili as governor in Hattusa.
Egyptologists suspect that some time prior to Ramesses II's accession to the Egyptian throne, Muwattalli had reached an informal peace treaty or understanding with Seti I over Kadesh to avoid a clash between the two superpowers over control of Syria. In it, Seti effectively ceded Kadesh to the Hittite king in order to focus on domestic issues in Egypt.
Muwatalli had a wife named Tanu-Ḫepa and at least two children. One was Urhi-Teshup, who became king Mursili III until his uncle Hattusili III deposed him. Another was Kurunta who became the vassal ruler of Tarhuntassa during the reign of Hattusili III. Another person named Ulmi-Teshup is suggested to be a third son of Muwatalli II but it is quite likely that Ulmi-Teshup and Kurunta are the same person.
- cf. 'The Shift of the royal seat to Tarhuntassa' by Trevor Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites (new edition), Oxford University Press, 2005. p.230
- Houwink ten Cate, Ph. H. J. (1994) "Urhi-Tessup revisited," 'Bibliotheca Orientalis' 51, p. 233-59
- Gurney, O. R. "Ulmi-Tešup Treaty," 'Anatolian Studies' 43, p. 13-28; Bryce, T. (2005) 'Kingdom of the Hittites' p. 270-1
- Reign of Muwatalli II
- The failed reforms of Akhenaten and Muwatalli by Itamar Singer in British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan (BMSAES) 6(2006), pp. 37–58
ca. 1295–1272 BC