Muzaffar Iqbal

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Muzaffar Iqbal
Born 1954 (age 60–61)
Lahore, Punjab.
Residence Sherwood Park, Alberta, Canada
Nationality Canadian
Citizenship Canadian
Alma mater University of the Punjab
University of Saskatchewan
Known for Islam and science, Intelligent design, Qur'anic studies and Islam and the West

Muzaffar Iqbāl (Punjabi/Urdu: مظفر اقبال) (born 12 May 1954 in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan) is a Pakistani-Canadian Islamic scholar and author.


Iqbal is the founding president of the Center for Islamic sciences,[1] Alberta, Canada, (called Center for Islam and Science when founded in 2000). He has written twenty-three books. Iqbal is editor of a journal of Islamic perspectives on science and civilization, Islamic sciences.[2] His most recent project is to produce the first Encyclopedia of the Qur'an by Muslims, Integrated Encyclopedia of the Qur'an. Integrated Encyclopedia of the Qur'an[3]

Iqbal's published works are on Islam, Sufism, Muslims and their relationship with modernity.

Iqbal appeared on PBS's Ask the Experts in 2003, discussing science and Islam.[4]

In an article on Islamic Science, the New York Times quoted Iqbal as a chemist and founder of the Center for Islam and Science as explaining that modern science did not claim to address the purpose of life, whereas in the Islamic world, purpose was integral.[5]

Iqbal was one of the experts called on by the Physics and Cosmology Group of the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences, alongside scientists including Andrei Linde of Stanford University, John Polkinghorne of Cambridge University, Paul Davies of Macquarie University and Charles Townes of the University of California, Berkeley.[6] Between 1996 and 2003, the group conducted an intensive public dialogue on science and spirituality.[7]

In addition, Iqbal is a supporter of Intelligent design, and is a fellow of the International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design.[8] He has endorsed work by intelligent design theorist William Dembski.[9]


Roxanne D. Marcotte, reviewing Iqbal's Islam and Science, published in 2002, wrote that it "presents an articulate and concise historical introduction to intellectual developments that have shaped Islamic civilization, both religious and scientific."[10]

Another review of Iqbal's Islam and Science was published by Muhammad Suheyl Umar. His review, after describing the book's contents at length, and agreeing with Iqbal that Western accounts of science from Francis Bacon onwards have been disrespectful of Islamic science, concludes that the book is stimulating, and a welcome corrective to much muddle around the discourse of Islam and science.[11]

Books by Iqbal[edit]

In Urdu[edit]

  • Muzaffar Iqbal. Jang-e Azadi Sey Hasooley Azadi Tak. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publishers, 1977. A book on the history of the Pakistan Movement. In Urdu.

In English[edit]

  • Muzaffar Iqbal. Inkhila (Uprooting). Book I of the fiction trilogy Hijratayn (Exiles). Lahore: The Circle, 1988. In Urdu.
  • Muzaffar Iqbal. Abdullah Hussein: From Sad Generations to a Lonely Tiger. South Asian Centre, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1985. Repr. as Abdullah Hussein: The Chronicler of Sad Generations. Islamabad: Leo Books, 1993.
  • Muzaffar Iqbal. Inqta (Severance). Book II of the fiction trilogy Hijratayn (Exiles). Islamabad: Leo Books, 1994. In Urdu.
  • Muzaffar Iqbal. Herman Melville: Life and Works. Serialized in Savera (1995-1998).
  • Muzaffar Iqbal and Zafar Ishaq Ansari (Translators). Towards Understanding the Qur'an. Vol. VII. Islamic Foundation, 2001. English translation of Syed Abul Ala Mawdudi's Tafhim al-Qur'an.
  • Muzaffar Iqbal. Islam and Science. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002. Repr. as Islam and Science: Explorations in the Fundamental Questions of the Islam and Science Discourse. Lahore: Suheyl Academy, 2004.
  • Muzaffar Iqbal. Science and Islam. Greenwood Press, 2007. Repr. with Afterword as The Making of Islamic Science. Islamic Book Trust, 2009.
  • Muzaffar Iqbal. Islam, Science, Muslims, and Technology: Seyyed Hossein Nasr in Conversation with Muzaffar Iqbal. Islamic Book Trust, 2007. Repr. Sherwood Park: al-Qalam Publishing, 2007; Tehran: Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, 2008; Islamabad: Dost Publications, 2009.
  • Muzaffar Iqbal. Dew on Sunburnt Roses and other Quantum Notes. Dost Publications, 2008.
  • Muzaffar Iqbal. Dawn in Madinah: A Pilgrim's Passage. Islamic Book Trust, 2008. Repr. Dost Publications, 2009.
  • Muzaffar Iqbal. Definitive Encounters: Islam, Muslims, and the West. Islamic Book Trust, 2008.

Books edited by Iqbal (Literature, English)[edit]

  • Colours of Loneliness: An anthology of Pakistani Literature, Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • Pakistani Literature (ed.) vol. 1, 2 and 4, Pakistan Academy of Letters, Islamabad 1992-93.
  • Islam and Science: Historic and Contemporary Perspectives, 4 vols., Aldershot: Ashgate, 2011.


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ "PBS: Ask the Experts". Ask the Experts: Muzaffar Iqbal Ph.D. 2003. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  5. ^ Overbye, Dennis (October 30, 2001). "New York Times". How Islam Won, and Lost, the Lead in Science. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  6. ^ Physics and Cosmology Group of the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences Retrieved November 21, 2011
  7. ^ CTNS: SSQ Program Retrieved November 21, 2011
  8. ^ Matt Young, Taner Edis. Why Intelligent Design Fails: A Scientific Critique of the New Creationism. Rutgers University Press. Retrieved 2 February 2012. Among Muslims involved with ID, the most notable is Muzaffar Iqbal, a fellow of the International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design, a leading ID organization. 
  9. ^ William Dembski. No Free Lunch: Why Specified Complexity Cannot Be Purchased Without Intelligence. Rowman & Littlefield. Retrieved 2 February 2012. "This sequel to The Design Inference enhances the credibility of intelligent design as a sound research program. William A. Dembski's critique of Darwinian and other naturalistic accounts of evolution is built on a set of powerful and lucid arguments; his formulation of an alternative to these accounts is simply compelling." -Muzaffar Iqbal, author of Islam and Science and founder and president of the Center for Islam and Science 
  10. ^ Marcotte, Roxanne D. (2006). "Ars Disputandi" (PDF). Book Review: Islam and Science by Muzaffar Iqbal. pp. Volume 6. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  11. ^ Umar, Muhammad Suheyl (April 2004). "Book Review: Allama Iqbal". Islam and Science: A Review Article. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 

External links[edit]