Muzaffarnagar

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This article is about the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Muzaffar Nagar district.
Muzaffar Nagar
मुज़फ्फर नगर مظفر نگر
City
Muzaffar Nagar is located in Uttar Pradesh
Muzaffar Nagar
Muzaffar Nagar
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 29°28′20″N 77°42′32″E / 29.472332°N 77.708874°E / 29.472332; 77.708874Coordinates: 29°28′20″N 77°42′32″E / 29.472332°N 77.708874°E / 29.472332; 77.708874
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Muzaffarnagar
Founded by Sayed Munawar Lashkar Ali
Named for Muzaffar Ali Khan
Elevation 272 m (892 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • City 392,451
 • Metro[2] 494,792
Languages
 • Official Hindi & Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 251 001/2/3
Telephone code 0131
Vehicle registration UP 12
Website muzaffarnagar.nic.in

Muzaffar Nagar (About this sound pronunciation ) is a town and a municipal board in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The city was established in Mughal period by a Sayyid Jagirdar, Munawar Lashkar Ali, and so named in honour of his father, Muzaffar Ali Khan. It is the headquarters of the Muzaffar Nagar district. Many popular farmer leaders come from Muzaffar Nagar. It is situated midway on Delhi - Haridwar/Dehradun National Highway (NH 58), the city is also well connected with the national railway network. The city is located in the middle of highly fertile upper Ganga-Yamuna doab region and is quite near to the National capital, making it one of the most developed and prosperous cities of Uttar Pradesh.

History[edit]

This of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, near an older town named Sarwart, by Sayyid Munawar Lashkar Ali, who named it Muzaffar Nagar in honour of his father, Sayyid Muzaffar Ali Khan, Khan-i-Jahan who was appointed, ruler of this region by the Mughal Emperor Akbar.[3] In 1901, during the British raj, it was district in the Meerut Division in United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.[4]

Geography[edit]

Muzaffarnagar is located at 29°28′N 77°41′E / 29.47°N 77.68°E / 29.47; 77.68.[5] It is located 125 kilometres NE of the national capital, Delhi, and roughly 200 kilometres SE of Chandigarh. The historical cities of Bijnor, Meerut and Hastinapur are close by. Also in proximity are New Delhi, Ghaziabad, Roorkee, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Dehra Dun, Saharanpur, Panipat, Karnal, Yamunagar and the hill station of Mussoorie.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 census, Muzaffarnagar municipality had a population of 392,451[1] and the urban agglomeration had a population of 494,792.[2] The municipality had a sex ratio of 897 females per 1,000 males and 12.2% of the population were under six years old.[1] Effective literacy was 80.99%; male literacy was 85.82% and female literacy was 75.65%.[1] The city has 60% Hindus, 36% Muslims, 1.5% Sikhs, 0.5% Christians and 2% Jains.[6]

Muzaffarnagar city is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Muzaffarnagar Urban Agglomeration. Although Muzaffarnagar city has population of 392,451; its urban / metropolitan population is 494,792 of which 261,338 are males and 233,454 are females. The majority of the population speaks Hindi.

Religions in Muzaffarnagar
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
60%
Muslims
  
36%
Jains
  
2%
Others†
  
2%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Economy[edit]

Muzaffarnagar lies in what is called the Sugar Belt of Western Uttar Pradesh. The region is one of the important sugarcane producing regions in the world[peacock term]. Sugar and jaggery (Hindi: गुड़) production are important industries in the Muzaffarnagar district. As a result of the farming activities around, the city is an important hub of jaggery trading business.[7] Naveen Mandi Sthal situated in the eastern outskirts of the city is the trading hub for Jaggery and other agriculture produce.

Muzaffarnagar is an important industrial town with sugar, steel and paper being the major industries. District Muzaffarnagar has,8 sugar mills. Many steel companies market their steel products, including angles and bars, through media in the country. Hence adding another aspect to Muzaffarnagar's popularity in the country.

More than 40% of the region's population is engaged in agriculture. According to Economic Research firm Indicus Analytics, Muzaffarnagar has the highest agricultural GDP in Uttar Pradesh. It has the largest granary in UP. Despite of this much of economic power, the city has been absent from the map of the foreign and modern business establishments. The town presents challenges, not to say law and order, decaying infrastructure and communalism. However due to the efforts of the governmemts, the area remains poised on the verge of growth.

Transportation[edit]

Muzaffarnagar is well connected by road and railway networks. The Ghaziabad - Saharanpur line passes through the city thus forming the backbone of the long-distance and best possible travel from the city. Indian Railways provides connections to New Delhi, Western, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, South India and other parts of the country. Dehradun Shatabdi Express and Dehradun Jan Shatabdi Express trains pass through and halt at the Muzaffarnagar station. The Meerut - Shaharanpur section of this railway route is now being developed as a part of the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor. The corridor extends from Ludhiana in Punjab to Dankuni in West Bengal.

The National Highway - 58 (NH-58) passes through Muzaffarnagar city. This highway provides connections towards Delhi on the southern direction and upper reaches of the Himalayas in the Uttarakhand state on the northern direction. The highway is the backbone of the road transportation for the Muzaffarnagar city as well as Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. Cities and areas of Hardwar, Rishikesh, Dehradun as well as Badrinath and Kedarnath are served by this highway.

Environmental concerns[edit]

Muzaffarnagar lies approximately at the middle of the road journey from Delhi to Rishikesh (also on NH-58). As a resultant, many roadside resorts and eateries have sprung up on the highway near the city. Especially, the town of Khatauli is famous for its canal side forest park named Cheetal.

Unfortunately, this has also turned into a concern for the wildlife and environment. Once visited for the sight of deers and rabbits and other wild animals, the Cheetal is now encroached by privately owned dhabas and resorts thus sidelining the animals.

City transportation mostly consists of tricycles and boasts of having more than 15000+ 3-wheeled vehicles, rickshaws. Thus leading to a lot of traffic jams in the city. An international airport, Muzaffarnagar International Airport, was proposed in the city in order to reduce the traffic in at the Indira Gandhi International Airport, however, the same was transferred to the Jewar Airport.

Education[edit]

Starting from the preschools city has various preschools such as Bachpan, Kidzee and Ideal Kids. But there is one preschool which has set a standard amongst preschools and that is Little Millennium, located at the heart of city, New Mandi. There are a number of good schools and colleges in the city. Schools are mostly associated with CBSE and UP Board. A few well-known schools of the city are MG Girls Public School www.mggirlsschool.com at Laddhawala,Children Academy High School, L.J.P. SVM Inter college, Bhagwanti Saraswati Vidya Mandir Inter College, Islamia inter & degree college, Nawab azmat ali khan Muslim girls degree college, Deep Chandra Grain Chember Inter College(DCGC Inter College), Kendriya Vidyalaya, S.D. Public School, G.C. Public School, Holy Angels Convent School, M.G. Public School(CSIR Adopted Schoo, St. Pauls School, ISA awarded School by British Council of India), S.B.M. Public School, Flora Public Junior High School, DAV Public School, J.V. Public School, Shardein school, Raj Public Inter College, Stepping Stones School, Shri Guru Ram Rai Public School, S.D. Inter College, Gyan Deep Public School, DAV Inter College, M.M.M Inter Collage, ascent public school and several others.

The city has several institutions of higher education. It is home to a major medical college and also privately funded colleges. The state-sponsored colleges like S.D Degree College, S.D College Of Management Studies, D.A.V Degree College, Choudhary Chotu Ram post Graduate College, Jain Degree College also add to this list. Self Finance colleges are SD Group of colleges, Shri Ram Group of Colleges and Deen Dayal Group of Colleges. Dr Sidharth Sharma, (A Retired Defence Serviceman), formerly Director General, Deen Dayal Group of Colleges and now Director (Administration) in S. D. Group of Colleges has taken the higher education in the district to the new highs and created new strategic path. Most of the colleges are associated to CCS university and UP Technical University.

The city also has a Medical College Muzaffarnagar Medical College situated on Meerut - Muzaffarnagar Highway nearly 10 km on the outskirts of the city which is affiliated to CCS university & approved by Medical Council of India. Along with M.B.B.S, this college is offering various other courses.

Gandhi Polytechnic Muzaffarnagar is a well-known polytechnic College in this region. Affiliated by Uttar Pradesh Board of Technical Education (BTEUP), Lucknow, College Awarded Engineering Diploma in- Electrical, Mechanical, Civil etc.

It is important to mention contributions of Swami Kalyan Devji Maharaj in field of education. He was a unique personality who had dedicated himself to community service and had been serving villagers and others. Due to his efforts, nearly 200 institutions of national importance got established during the last one hundred years. These include: Gandhi Polytechnic, Ayurved Medical College, Ayurved Research Centre, Agriculture College, Agriculture Science Centre, Hospitals, Eye Hospitals, Degree Colleges, Inter Colleges, Senior Secondary Schools, Navodaya School, Girls' Schools, Junior High Schools, Primary Schools, Sanskrit Pathshalas, Dumb Deaf and Blind School, Yoga Training Centre, Dharmshalas, Orphanage, Old Persons' Ashram, Old Cow's Protection Centre and several other spiritual and religious centres.

Bhudev Singh, an Indian education tycoon who took active roles in propagating and implementing groundbreaking educational ideas in order to spread education in the grass root level, also belongs to Muzaffarnagar.

Engineering Colleges in Muzaffarnagar 1. SD College of Engineering & Technology, Muzaffarnagar <established in 1996> 2. Sri Ram Engineering College

Some important places of Muzaffarnagar[edit]

Religious[edit]

  • Brahma ji temple, is situated in town BUDHANA on the bank of HINDON RIVER under muzaffarnagar district. Only two Brahma ji temple in India i.e. one in Pushkar ji another in Budhana (Muzaffarnagar). The ancient temple in Budhana is also known as SHRI HARNANDESHWAR DHAM, NADI WALA MANDIR
  • Shukratal, is a well-known religious town under Muzaffarnagar district. It is the place where Rishi Suka narrated the Bhagwat Purana to Parikshit Maharaj for 7 days before he was bitten to death by snake king takshaka as per the prophecy/curse . The thousands of years old Vat Vriksha (banyan tree) associated with times of Mahabharata and under which the historical event of Bhagwat Purana narration by rishi Suka to grandson of arjuna, the dying king Parikshit happened. It is said that because the tree witnessed and heard the Bhagwat Purna straight from rishi Suka maharaj it has become immortal. Every year lakhs of devotees come to do Parikrama (circling the perimeter of tree on foot) of this ancient tree. The divine tree Kalpavriksha planted by Swami Omanand ji and Vijaypal Baghel in Navgriha Vatika of Shuktirth. Shukratal is also famous for its temple with sky-high statues of Lord Hanuman, Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva and Goddess Durga. The river Ganga also passes through Shukratal, flowing straight from Haridwar.
  • Kali-Nadi Devi Mandir, at the west end of the town, is one of the oldest temples having a great mythological importance. A very big Bhandara is held here on every Devi Chaudas and, after the day of Holi, here is a big fair.
  • Dallu Devta, A religious place near Kali Nadi.
  • Bhairo-ka-Mandir, the Bhairo Temple, is situated in the heart of the city on Ansari Road.[8] It is a very quiet and spiritual place to spend some time. It is most visited during festival season. This temple is of special significance because it contains Ekadash-Shivlinga (eleven Shivalingas). The temple is situated right in the heart of the city, yet is hidden and few people know about it. If you need spiritual awakening do visit this temple in the morning and evening to chant the daily arti. Pandit Bunty is looking after the mandir premises.
  • Shiv Chowk, it is a place of worship located in the heart of city on the GT Road. Over 300 thousand kawariyas perform parikrama of the Holy temple on the occasion of Shiv Ratri.The very first photographic establishment of the western Uttar Pradesh "Gufran Studio" is also at shiv chowk.
  • "Shri Shri Golokdham" A religious place for Devotess of lord krishna situated at heart of muzaffarnagr city i.e. Gandhi colony.
  • Sankirtan Bhawan, popularly known as Kirtan Bhawan, is also very famous. It is situated in prime residential area of New Mandi. A Kirtan (singing of Bhajans in praise of Lord) is conducted daily in evening here; the temple got its name on this daily activity. It is the only temple in 5 districts nearby to have a statue of Lord Tirupati Balaji (an avatar of Lord Vishnu) in accordance with Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD), Tirumala, Andhra Pradesh. A Bhandaara (free distribution of food as Lord's Prasada) is being organised at this temple's "Anna Shetra" (Food Area) daily at 12.00 noon. More than 1,00,000 poor people are being served annually here. It was started by a well-known philanthropist and businessman of his time, Late Giani Ram Gupta, in 1979 out of his own funds but by Lord's blessing very soon the initiative received heavy donations and today it supports similar initiatives in areas nearby.
  • ram lila tilla is also famous in muzaffarnagar city, ram lila tilla use for ram-lila in dashahara.
  • Balaji Dham, (an avatar of Lord Hanuman), aka Balaji Temple, is also famous; it is situated in 'New Mandi' area of Muzaffarnagar. A Bhandaara is also organised here daily at 2.00 PM.
  • Dargah Har Shrinath is one of the famous places for the devotees, situated at Ansari Road. The branches of the place are almost in every city of India with its Head-Office in Delhi. Every Shivratri, here is a very big function. The annual function of the temple is celebrated on 9 March with great pomp and show.
  • Vahelna, 4 km from the city, is a holy site for Jains. Vahelna is an excellent example of Hindu-Muslim brotherhood as the walls of Mosque, Shiv Mandir and Jain Mandir touch each other.

Commercial[edit]

Bhopa Road (Transport area and Commercial area for Muzaffarnagar), Shiv Chowk (Heart of the City), Devi Ahiliya Bai Holkar Chock, Bhagat Singh Road (Main Market), Court Road, Lohia Bazaar or Loha Mandi (market of steel and iron products), Ansari Road, Jhansi-ki-Rani Chowk, S.D. Market (consisting of cloth merchants and wholesalers, as well as many respected outlets), Zila Parishad market (pharmaceutical), Sadar Bazaar (Hospitals, Hosiery wholesalers, Stock-brokers etc.), Gandhi Colony, Roorkee Road Market (Heavy Engineering Products), Meerut Road (Automobile showrooms), and New Mandi (most private/public banks, cloth retailers and showrooms). Sadar Bazaar and New Mandi are the most expensive areas in terms of real estate prices.

The city is very close to the National Capital, New Delhi, due to which development has boosted up in the last few years. A shopping mall named ASJ Grand Plaza is under construction which will accommodate various multinational shopping outlets and a three-screen cinema in the city.

Residential[edit]

Ankit vihar, Prem Vihar Colony, S.B.I Colony, Surendra Nagar(both the colonies were established by Late Comrade Sh. Surendra Kumar Jain) Moti Mahal, Gangaram Pura, Abupura, Thakurdwara, Lohiya Bazaar, Panchmukhi, Krishnapuri, Hanuman Chowk, Dwarka Puri, Daal Mandi, Gudari, Janakpuri, Gandhi Nagar, Keshav Puri(South Civil line), Gadderia Coloney, Numaish Camp, Gandhi Colony, Aryapuri, Adarsh Colony, Brahmpuri, Gaushala, Gandhi Colony, Tyagi Complex, Tyagi Colony, Rampuri, Kewal Puri, Indira Colony, Jat Colony, Khalapar, Malhupura, Sarwat, Kundan Pura, Mahatma Colony, Laddawala, Ramlila Ground, New Mandi, Patel Nagar, Prem Puri, South & West Krishna Puri, Pal Nagar, Ram Puram, Saket Colony, Sarwat Gate, Kachi Sadak, Dayalbagh Colony (A colony of Radhaswami faith followers), Laxman Vihar, Agarsen Vihar, Avadh Vihar etc. A new residential venture by ANSAL builders is soon to come up in the city. A well designed new project by Vasundhara Infra Pvt. Ltd. is in progress named as Vasundhara. The new residential area is developing on By-Pass from Jansath Road cut to Bhopa Road cut. There are 6-7 new projects going on.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  3. ^ "Muzaffarnagar Town". Imperial Gazetteer of India, Digital South Asia Library, Volume 18. 1909. p. 93. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  4. ^ Muzaffarnagar District The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 18, p. 83.
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Muzaffarnagar
  6. ^ http://www.aicmeu.org/Muslim_Population_Distribution_in_India.htm
  7. ^ "Muzaffarnagar clashes sour its famed jaggery business". economic times. India Times. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  8. ^ District Muzaffarnagar, translated from Hindi.

External links[edit]