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Khairabadi was born in Khairabad to Ahmad Hasan "Ruswa" and Mohatrama Bibi Hirman Khairabadi. He was the grandson of Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi who was also a poet, philosopher, religious scholar, Arabist, Persian and Urdu writer and freedom fighter in the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Khairabadi's first mentor was his mother. He spent his life in Khairabad, Tonk, Gwalior, Indore, Bhopal and Rampur. He received numerous distinguishing titles, including Khan Bahadur, Eitbar-ul-Mulk, and Iftikhar-ul-Shaura.
Khairabadi wrote many poetry books which have been praised by writers and poets. He also published a literary magazine entitled Karishama-e-Dilbar. Most of his literary work has been lost.
He served as a judge in the states of Tonk and Gwalior, but fled to Bhopal after losing the support of the Maharaja of Gwalior. In his final years, he lived and worked in Indore. He is buried in Gwalior.
- Nazr-e-Khuda (in Praise of God)
- Khalil Ullah Khan, Muztar Khairabadi: Hayat aur shairi (Urdu Publishers, Nazir Abad, Lucknow, 1979).
- Mohammed Adbul Shahid Khan Sherwani, Baghi Hindustan (Almajma al-Islami, Mubarakpur, 1947).
- Nashtar Khairabadi, ed., Ilhaamaat (1934).