Mwanza

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Mwanza
Nyanza
City
View of Mwanza's Central Business District
View of Mwanza's Central Business District
Nickname(s): Rock City
Mwanza is located in Tanzania
Mwanza
Mwanza
Location in Tanzania
Coordinates: 2°31′S 32°54′E / 2.517°S 32.900°E / -2.517; 32.900
Country Flag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania
Admin. division Mwanza Region
First Settled 1892
Incorporated Town 1978
Incorporated City 2000
Districts
Government
 • Type City Council
 • Lord Mayor Josephat Kanyonyi Manyerere
 • City Director Wilson Kabwe
Elevation 3,740 ft (1,140 m)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Urban 706,543
Time zone GMT + 3

Mwanza is a mid-sized port city on the southern shores of Lake Victoria in northwestern Tanzania. With a population of over 700,000, it is Tanzania's second largest city, following Dar es Salaam. Mwanza is the capital of the surrounding Mwanza Region.

History[edit]

Bismack Rock in Lake Victoria

Before the colonial era Mwanza Region was under the Sukuma, Kerewe, Kara and Zinza empires. When the Germans colonized Tanganyika, Mwanza became one of the districts in their territory. After the First World War, East Africa came under the supervision of a British mandate.

The British established provincial leadership in Tanganyika and the Mwanza Region became one of the districts of the Lake Province while Biharamulo, Bukoba, Maswa, Shinyanga, Musoma and Kwimba were the other districts of the province. Later on the Lake Province was divided into the Lake Province and the Western Zone. After independence, all the provinces were turned into official regions. Mwanza Region remained a part of the Lake Region until 1963 when it was officially given the status of a region.

Ethnicity[edit]

The Sukuma constitute over 90 percent of the population of the Mwanza Region. Other ethnic groups in the region, in much smaller proportions, include the Zinza, Haya, Sumbwa, Nyamwezi, Luo, Kurya, Jita,((shashi)) and Kerewe. They live mainly in the Mwanza city area. National policy, however, gives very little importance to ethnic groupings and reliable data is difficult to find.[2]

Religion[edit]

The people of Mwanza have different faiths ranging from traditional practices to modern religions including Hinduism, Islam, Swaminarayan, and Christian churches such as the Anglican, Roman Catholic, African Inland, Lutheran, Tanzania Mennonite, Mwanza Christian Miracle, Assemblies of God, Pentecostal Evangelical, and the Seventh Day Adventist churches.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

In 2011 the city council announced plans to create a major commercial development in the Ilemela District.[3]

Fishing[edit]

One major occupation of the inhabitants along the shores of Lake Victoria in Mwanza region is fishing, and there are five fish processing plants in the area. Nile perch were previously introduced to the lake, and are exported in large quantities.[4]

For a better portrait of the consequences of the nile perch industry, see the academy award nominated documentary Darwin's Nightmare (2004) by Hubert Sauper.

Industry[edit]

Although for the foreseeable future livestock husbandry, agriculture and fishing will remain the sectors offering the greatest development potentials to Mwanza region, an increasingly important role must be assigned to industrial activity as a vehicle of economic growth. It is through industrial development in the region that the ever increasing number of unemployed youths in the region could gain employment opportunities. Industrial establishments possible are those geared towards processing locally produced agricultural, fishing and livestock raw materials.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mwanza
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
28
(83)
29
(84)
28
(83)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(85)
29
(85)
29
(84)
28
(83)
28.8
(83.9)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(65)
18
(64)
18
(65)
18
(65)
18
(64)
17
(63)
16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
19
(66)
18
(65)
17.8
(64.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 97
(3.8)
104
(4.1)
155
(6.1)
145
(5.7)
94
(3.7)
20
(0.8)
13
(0.5)
20
(0.8)
46
(1.8)
46
(1.8)
114
(4.5)
147
(5.8)
1,001
(39.4)
Source: Weatherbase [5]

Transport[edit]

Mwanza is served by Mwanza Airport. Air Tanzania provides flights there from Dar es Salaam and Bukoba.[6] Fastjet flies from Mwanza to Dar es Salaam.[7]

The city is connected by rail with Shinyanga.[8] Twice a week the train departs to Dar es Salaam, a trip that takes two days. [9]

Sports and entertainment[edit]

Mwanza has two stadia. The CCM Kirumba Stadium has a seating capacity of 35,000 spectators. The stadium hosts football, netball, volleyball, basketball, badminton, and athletics.[citation needed]

Cooperation with cities outside Tanzania[edit]

  • Finland Tampere, Finland: The relationship between Tampere and Mwanza is part of the North-South Local Government Co-operation Programme. The programme is coordinated by the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities and funded by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. The purpose is to support the Mwanza City Council in implementing the city strategy and in providing better services for its citizens.[10]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 2°31′S 32°54′E / 2.517°S 32.900°E / -2.517; 32.900