Myōkō, Niigata

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Myōkō
妙高市
City
Flag of Myōkō
Flag
Location of Myōkō in Niigata Prefecture
Location of Myōkō in Niigata Prefecture
Myōkō is located in Japan
Myōkō
Myōkō
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 37°2′N 138°15′E / 37.033°N 138.250°E / 37.033; 138.250Coordinates: 37°2′N 138°15′E / 37.033°N 138.250°E / 37.033; 138.250
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu) (Hokuriku)
Prefecture Niigata Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Akira Nyumura (since November 2006)
Area
 • Total 445.52 km2 (172.02 sq mi)
Population (February 1, 2012)
 • Total 35,835
 • Density 80.43/km2 (208.3/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Fagus crenata
- Flower Glaucidium palmatum
- Bird Cyanoptila cyanomolana
Address 5-1 Sakaemachi, Myoko-shi, Niigata-ken
944-8686
Phone number 0255-72-5111
Website www.city.myoko.niigata.jp

Myōkō (妙高市 Myōkō-shi?) is a city in Niigata Prefecture, Japan, on the border of Nagano Prefecture. It lies in mountain surroundings near the historical entrance to the Echigo Plains.

As of February 1, 2012, the city has an estimated population of 35,835, with 12,286 households and a population density of 80.43 persons per km². The total area is 445.52 km².

Myōkō is the result of a merger of three municipalities. The major one was the city of Arai (新井市 Arai-shi). Arai absorbed the town of Myōkōkōgen, and the village of Myōkō (both from Nakakubiki District), and took the name Myōkō on April 1, 2005. Its name comes from the mountain which dominates the area. Mount Myōkō is listed as one of the hundred most famous mountains in Japan with its summit recorded as 2,454 metres (8,051 feet) above sea level.

The former city of Arai was founded on November 1, 1954. The current mayor is Akira Nyumura, who elected by November 2006, and the former Arai mayor was elected in November 2002.[citation needed]

Activities[edit]

The city is surrounded by five mountains. Madarao, Myōkō, Kurohime, Togakushi and Iizuna are collectively known as the Five Peaks of Northern Shinano (Hokushingogaku). They make up the border of Nagano and Niigata Prefectures.

Myōkōkōgen and the former village of Myōkō are famed for their ski resorts. The first of these, Akakura, was founded in the 1930s, making it one of the oldest established ski areas in the world. It is also a traditional mountain retreat of Japan's imperial family. The Myōkō Ski Area has nine main mountain resorts: Myōkō Akakura, Ikenotaira Onsen, Myōkō Suginohara (which boasts the longest ski run in Japan), Seki Onsen, Kyukamura, Myōkō Ski Park, APA resort Myōkō Pine Valley, Madarao Kogen and Tangram Ski Circus.[1]

Myōkō Kōgen is also well known for its many local onsen (hot springs) emanating from the Jigoku-dani valley between Mts. Myōkō and Mae.[2]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Myōkō is twinned with:

References[edit]

External links[edit]