|Type||Private limited company|
|Headquarters||Beverly Hills, California, United States|
|Key people||Tim Vanderhook (CEO, Specific Media)
Justin Timberlake (Co-owner)
|Revenue||$20 million (2013 est.)|
|Owner||Specific Media LLC|
|Alexa rank||1054 (August 2014[update])|
|Type of site||Social networking service|
|Users||1 million (April 2014)|
|Available in||14 languages|
Myspace (stylized as myspace, previously stylized as MySpace) is a social networking service with a strong music emphasis owned by Specific Media LLC and pop music singer and actor Justin Timberlake. Myspace was launched in July 2003 and is headquartered in Beverly Hills, California. In April 2014, Myspace had 1 million unique U.S. visitors.
Myspace was founded in 2003 by Chris DeWolfe and Tom Anderson, and was later acquired by News Corporation in July 2005 for $580 million. From 2005 until early 2008, Myspace was the most visited social networking site in the world, and in June 2006 surpassed Google as the most visited website in the United States. In April 2008, Myspace was overtaken by Facebook in the number of unique worldwide visitors, and was surpassed in the number of unique U.S. visitors in May 2009, though Myspace generated $800 million in revenue during the 2008 fiscal year. Since then, the number of Myspace users has declined steadily in spite of several redesigns. As of May 2014[update], Myspace was ranked 982 by total web traffic, and 392 in the United States.
Myspace had a significant influence on pop culture and music and created a gaming platform that launched the successes of Zynga and RockYou, among others. The site also started the trend of creating unique URLs for companies and artists.
In June 2009, Myspace employed approximately 1,600 workers. In June 2011, Specific Media Group and Justin Timberlake jointly purchased the company for approximately $35 million. Under new ownership, the company had undergone several rounds of layoffs and by June 2011, Myspace had reduced its staff to around 200.
- 1 History of MySpace
- 2 Features
- 3 Corporate information
- 4 Mobile application
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 Further reading
- 8 External links
History of MySpace
In August 2003, several eUniverse employees with Friendster accounts saw potential in its social networking features. The group decided to mimic the more popular features of the website. Within 10 days, the first version of Myspace was ready for launch, implemented using ColdFusion. A complete infrastructure of finance, human resources, technical expertise, bandwidth, and server capacity was available for the site. The project was overseen by Brad Greenspan (eUniverse's Founder, Chairman, CEO), who managed Chris DeWolfe (MySpace's starting CEO), Josh Berman, Tom Anderson (MySpace's starting president), and a team of programmers and resources provided by eUniverse.
The first Myspace users were eUniverse employees. The company held contests to see who could sign up the most users. eUniverse used its 20 million users and e-mail subscribers to breathe life into Myspace, and move it to the head of the pack of social networking websites. A key architect was tech expert Toan Nguyen who helped stabilize the Myspace platform when Brad Greenspan asked him to join the team. Co-founder and CTO Aber Whitcomb played an integral role in software architecture, utilizing the then superior development speed of ColdFusion over other dynamic database driven server-side languages of the time. Despite over ten times the number of developers, Friendster, which was developed in JavaServer Pages (jsp), could not keep up with the speed of development of Myspace and cfm.
The MySpace.com domain was originally owned by YourZ.com, Inc., intended until 2002 for use as an online data storage and sharing site. By 2004, it was transitioned from a file storage service to a social networking site. A friend, who also worked in the data storage business, reminded Chris DeWolfe that he had earlier bought the domain MySpace.com. DeWolfe suggested they charge a fee for the basic Myspace service. Brad Greenspan nixed the idea, believing that keeping Myspace free was necessary to make it a successful community.
Rise and purchase by News Corp: 2005–2008
Myspace quickly gained popularity among teenage and young adult social groups. In February 2005, DeWolfe held talks with Mark Zuckerberg over acquiring Facebook but DeWolfe rejected Zuckerberg's $75 million asking price.
Some employees of Myspace, including DeWolfe and Berman, were able to purchase equity in the property before MySpace and its parent company eUniverse (now renamed Intermix Media) was bought. In July 2005, in one of the company's first major Internet purchases, Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation (the parent company of Fox Broadcasting and other media enterprises) purchased Myspace for US$580 million. News Corporation had beat out Viacom by offering a higher price for the website, and the purchase was seen as a good investment at the time. Of the $580 million purchase price, approximately $327 million has been attributed to the value of Myspace according to the financial adviser fairness opinion. Within a year, Myspace had tripled in value from its purchase price. News Corporation saw the purchase as a way to capitalize on Internet advertising, and drive traffic to other News Corporation properties.
After losing the bidding war for Myspace, Viacom chairman Sumner Redstone stunned the entertainment industry in September 2006 when he fired Tom Freston from the position of CEO. Redstone believed that the failure to acquire MySpace contributed to the 20% drop in Viacom’s stock price in 2006 up to the date of Freston’s ouster. Freston's successor as CEO, Philippe Dauman, was quoted as saying “never, ever let another competitor beat us to the trophy”. Redstone told interviewer Charlie Rose that losing MySpace had been “humiliating”, adding, “MySpace was sitting there for the taking for $500 million” (Myspace was sold in 2012 by News Corp for $35 million.)
In January 2006, Fox announced plans to launch a UK version of Myspace in a bid to "tap into the UK music scene", which they have since done. They released a version in China and have since launched similar versions in other countries.
On November 1, 2007, Myspace and Bebo joined the Google-led OpenSocial alliance, which already included Friendster, Hi5, LinkedIn, Plaxo, Ning and Six Apart. OpenSocial was to promote a common set of standards for software developers to write programs for social networks. Facebook remained independent. Google had been unsuccessful in building its own social networking site Orkut in the U.S. market and was using the alliance to present a counterweight to Facebook.
By late 2007 and into 2008, Myspace was considered the leading social networking site, and consistently beat out main competitor Facebook in traffic. Initially, the emergence of Facebook did little to diminish Myspace's popularity; at the time, Facebook was targeted only at college students. At its peak, when News Corp attempted to merge it with Yahoo! in 2007, Myspace was valued at $12 billion.
Decline and sale by News Corp: 2008–11
On April 19, 2008, Facebook overtook Myspace in the Alexa rankings. Since then, Myspace has seen a continuing loss of membership, and there are several suggestions for its demise, including the fact that it stuck to a "portal strategy" of building an audience around entertainment and music, whereas Facebook and Twitter continually launched new features to improve the social-networking experience.
A former Myspace executive suggested that the $900 million three-year advertisement deal with Google, while being a short-term cash windfall, was a handicap in the long run. That deal required Myspace to place even more ads on its already heavily advertised space, which made the site slow, more difficult to use, and less flexible. Myspace could not experiment with its own site without forfeiting revenue, while rival Facebook was rolling out a new clean site design. MySpace CEO Chris DeWolfe reported that he had to push back against Fox Interactive Media's sales team who monetized the site without regard to user experience.
While Facebook focused on creating a platform that allowed outside developers to build new applications, Myspace built everything in-house. Shawn Gold, Myspace's former head of marketing and content, said "Myspace went too wide and not deep enough in its product development. We went with a lot of products that were shallow and not the best products in the world". The products division had introduced many features (communication tools such as instant messaging, a classifieds program, a video player, a music player, a virtual karaoke machine, a self-serve advertising platform, profile-editing tools, security systems, privacy filters, and Myspace book lists, among others). However, the features were often buggy and slow as there was insufficient testing, measuring, and iterating.
Danah Boyd, a senior researcher at Microsoft Research, noted of social networking websites that Myspace and others were a very peculiar business—one in which companies might serially rise, fall, and disappear, as "Influential peers pull others in on the climb up—and signal to flee when it's time to get out". The volatility of social networks was exemplified in 2006 when Connecticut Attorney General Richard Blumenthal launched an investigation into children's exposure to pornography on Myspace; the resulting media frenzy and Myspace's inability to build an effective spam filter gave the site a reputation as a "vortex of perversion". Around that time, specialized social media companies such as Twitter formed and began targeting Myspace users, while Facebook rolled out communication tools which were seen as safe in comparison to Myspace. Boyd compared the shift of white, middle-class kids from the "seedy" Myspace to the "supposedly safer haven" of Facebook, to the "white flight" from American cities; the perception of Myspace eventually drove advertisers away as well. In addition, Myspace had particular problems with vandalism, phishing, malware and spam which it failed to curtail, making the site seem inhospitable.
These have been cited as factors why users, who as teenagers were Myspace's strongest audience in 2006 and 2007, had been migrating to Facebook. Facebook, which started strong with the 18-to-24 group (mostly college students), has been much more successful than Myspace at attracting older users. Not unlike MySpace, Bebo was also unable to compete effectively with Facebook; its valuation plunged from $850 million to just $10 million between 2008 and 2010.
Chairman and CEO Rupert Murdoch was said to be frustrated that Myspace never met expectations, as a distribution outlet for Fox studio content, and missing the US$1 billion mark in total revenues. That resulted in DeWolfe and Anderson gradually losing their status within Murdoch's inner circle of executives, plus DeWolfe's mentor Peter Chernin, the President and COO of News Corp. who was based in Los Angeles, departed the company. Former AOL executive Jonathan Miller, who joined News Corp in charge of the digital media business, was in the job for three weeks when he shuffled Myspace's executive team in April 2009. Myspace President Tom Anderson stepped down while Chris DeWolfe was replaced as Myspace CEO by former Facebook COO Owen Van Natta. A News Corp. meeting in March 2009 over the direction of Myspace was reportedly the catalyst for that management shakeup, with the Google search deal about to expire, the departure of key personnel (Myspace's COO, SVP of engineering, and SVP of strategy) to form a startup. Furthermore, the opening of extravagant new offices around the world was questioned, as rival Facebook did not have similarly expensive expansion plans yet it still attracted international users at a rapid rate. The changes to Myspace's executive ranks was followed in June 2009 by a layoff of 37.5% of its workforce (including 30 percent of its U.S. employees), reducing employees from 1,600 to 1,000.
In 2009, around the time that Myspace underwent layoffs and a management shakeup, the site "relied on drastic redesigns as Hail Mary passes to get users back". However this may have backfired for Myspace, as it is noted that users generally disliked interface tweaks on rival Facebook (which avoided major site redesigns).
Myspace has attempted to redefine itself as a social entertainment website, with more of a focus on music, movies, celebrities, and TV, instead of a social networking website. Myspace also developed a linkup with Facebook that would allow musicians and bands to manage their Facebook profiles. CEO Mike Jones was quoted as saying that Myspace now is a "complementary offer" to Facebook Inc., which is "not a rival anymore".
In March 2011, market research figures released by comScore suggested that Myspace had lost 10 million users between January and February 2011, and that it had fallen from 95 million to 63 million unique users during the previous twelve months. Myspace registered its sharpest audience declines in the month of February 2011, as traffic fell 44% from a year earlier to 37.7 million unique U.S. visitors. Advertisers have been reported as unwilling to commit to long term deals with the site.
In late February 2011, News Corp officially put the site up for sale, which was estimated to be worth $50–200 million. Losses from last quarter of 2010 were $156 million, over double of the previous year, which dragged down the otherwise strong results of parent News Corp. The deadline for bids, May 31, 2011, passed without any above the reserve price of $100 million being submitted It has been said that the rapid deterioration in Myspace's business during the most recent quarter deterred many potential suitors.
On June 29, 2011, Myspace announced to label partners and press via email that it had been acquired by Specific Media for an undisclosed sum. CNN reported that Myspace sold for $35 million, and noted that it was "far less than the $580 million News Corp. paid for Myspace in 2005". Rupert Murdoch went on to call the Myspace purchase a "huge mistake". Time Magazine compared News Corporation's purchase of Myspace to Time Warner's purchase of AOL – a conglomerate trying to stay ahead of the competition. Many former executives have gone onto further success after departing Myspace.
On September 24, 2012, Timberlake tweeted a link to a video that featured a redesigned Myspace, dubbed the "new Myspace". Timberlake stated in an interview with the Hollywood Reporter that he believed he was "bridging the gap" between artists and their fan bases.
On January 15, 2013, the new Myspace entered its publicly accessible open beta phase, featuring written editorial content, radio stations, music mixes and videos. Music was streamed through a constant music player located at the bottom of the page, while musicians could track the location of their top fans, who were identified by the number of times they played the artist's music. Although the unveiling was purposefully scheduled on the same date as the release of Timberlake's new music single, the event was overshadowed by Facebook's announcement of its "graph search" function on the same day in California, U.S.
Christian Parkes, vice-president of global marketing, explained in a May 2013 interview that the redesign was undertaken with brands in mind:
The site is going through this custom process of evolution ... When you think of shifting perception, it just comes down to trying to do everything right: Do everything right by the artist, by the brands that we work with, and make the right partnerships.
Writing for his company blog, digital marketing author Rohit Bhargava identified "5 Things For Marketers To Love About The New Myspace" in a post that was published shortly after the commencement of the open beta phase on January 7. Bhargava was impressed by the redesigned platform in terms of marketing and wrote: "the new Myspace may be more important for brand marketers in 2013 than you think." His list included the horizontal navigation of the new website and the engagement potential for brands. The Guardian's Amanda Holpuch was less enthusiastic and concluded "clever design and useful functionalities do not a successful social network make."
The official launch of the new Myspace occurred on June 12, 2013, and included the launch of a corresponding mobile app for the new Myspace, providing users access to streaming radio stations curated by artists and Myspace, as well as personal radio stations created by users themselves. The app's social features facilitate connections between users who possess similar interests, and users can also create animated GIF files, which can be shared on Myspace and other social platforms. The app was launched on Apple Inc.'s App Store, while a mobile website was also designed for those users without access to an iOS device. The newly designed platform also included new analytics tools for artists to manage their digital presence from a single location, and, at the time of the launch, the Myspace music catalog consisted of over 50 million songs.
As part of the discontinuation of the "Classic MySpace" and the launch of the new platform, the user content from the old MySpace was deleted. Myspace explained on its website that it would no longer feature "Blogs, Private Messages, Videos, Comments or Posts, Custom background design and Games," acknowledging that "this is upsetting to some." Myspace received a large amount of online complaints from users and eventually locked the primary discussion thread. The complaints described the loss of poems and personal notes, photos of dead friends, intimate messages, and games that cost significant amounts of time and money.
In July 2013, Myspace revealed its new hires for editorial content: Joseph Patel, previously a producer at Vice, became the vice president of content and "creative," while editors Benjamin Meadows-Ingram (Billboard) and Monica Herrera (Rolling Stone) were subsequently recruited by Patel. As of October 1, 2013, Myspace said it had 36 million users.
Bulletins are posts that are posted on to a "bulletin board" for everyone on a Myspace user's friends list to see. Bulletins can be useful for contacting an entire friends list without resorting to messaging users individually. They have also become the primary attack point for phishing. Bulletins are deleted after ten days.
Myspace had a "Groups" feature that allowed a group of users to share a common page and message board. Groups could be created by anybody, and the moderator of the group could choose for anyone to join, or to approve or deny requests to join. In November 2010, the group feature was turned off; a user clicking on the "Groups" link in the features menu was led to a page that announced that groups were being revamped, and the user could sign up to be informed of when groups would come back. However, As of May 2012 it now states in the Help page "For now, Myspace groups are not available. This is part of an ongoing effort to simplify Myspace and improve the experience for everyone. Although we removed groups, Myspace is still the perfect destination to stay connected."
Since YouTube's founding in 2005, Myspace users' have had the ability to embed YouTube videos in their Myspace profiles. Realizing the competitive threat to the new Myspace Videos service, Myspace banned embedded YouTube videos from its user profiles. Myspace users widely protested the ban, prompting Myspace to lift the ban shortly thereafter.
In early 2006, Myspace introduced Myspace IM, an instant messenger that uses one's Myspace account as a screen name. A Myspace user logs into the client using the same e-mail associated with his or her Myspace account. Unlike other parts of MySpace, Myspace IM is stand-alone software for Microsoft Windows. Users who use Myspace IM get instant notification of new Myspace messages, friend requests, and comments. Myspace IM was added as a default feature of Myspace by the end of 2009.
In early 2007, Myspace introduced MySpaceTV, a service similar to the YouTube video sharing website. Myspace has been showing videos as early as 2006, but it has changed it name to MySpaceTV for a while. In 2009, MySpaceTV reverted to Myspace Video once again. Myspace Video continues to be not as popular as other video sharing sites such as YouTube, but many sites had partnered with Myspace such as Hulu to promote their media to the Myspace community.
There were a variety of environments in which users could access Myspace content on their mobile phone. American mobile phone provider Helio released a series of mobile phones in early 2006 that could utilize a service known as Myspace Mobile to access and edit one's profile and communicate with, and view the profiles of other members. Additionally, UIEvolution and Myspace developed a mobile version of Myspace for a wider range of carriers, including AT&T, Vodafone and Rogers Wireless.
In April 2007, Myspace launched a news service called Myspace News which displays news from RSS feeds that users submit. It also allows users to rank each news story by voting for it. The more votes a story gets, the higher the story moves up the page.
Full service classifieds listing offered beginning in August 2006. It has grown by 33 percent in one year since inception. Myspace Classifieds was launched right at the same time the site appeared on the internet.
In 2008, Myspace introduced an API with which users could create applications for other users to post on their profiles. The applications are similar to the Facebook applications. In May 2008, Myspace had added some security options regarding interaction with photos and other media. Many applications that are popular on Myspace had spin off versions on Facebook. The Myspace app Mafia Wars has become a Facebook sensation as well. On the other hand, Facebook applications such as Bumper Stickers and FarmVille has been used in Myspace and was popular as well. Many application partnerships such as Zygna and Slide has been responsible from creating third party apps for use on both Myspace and Facebook, along with for use in the iTunes app store.
Launched April 29, 2008, ksolo.myspace.com is a combination of Myspace and kSolo, which allows users to upload audio recordings of themselves singing onto their profile page. Users' friends are able to rate the performances. A video feature is not yet available.
Myspace Polls is a feature on Myspace that was brought back in 2008 to enable users to post polls on their profile and share them with other users.
In 2009, Myspace also added a new status update feature. If a Myspace user has a Twitter account, the tweet will also update the Myspace status. (Facebook also has a similar feature.) It does, however, require that the two accounts be synched up together.
Status update moods
Moods on Myspace were small emoticons that were used to depict a mood the user is in within a status update. The feature was added in July 2007. The mood feature, as of 2010, was not included by default with the status updates, but could be shared on the homepage as a separate update. Today these emoticon moods are no longer part of Myspace at all as the new owners are focusing the website on music, entertainment, and other forms of art sharing / discovery. Users are encouraged to share their mood by attaching music, photos and art to status updates.
Profile customization and history
Today, profiles still offer much more promotional space than competing music services (the market that Myspace is competing in) Spotify and Pandora. The newest version of Myspace allows a full screen cover image with an innovative horizontal tablet friendly scrollbar, a profile default image, space for links to other online presences, a biography section, top 8 connections and other promotional tools available through the navigation rail.
Shortly after Myspace was sold to Rupert Murdoch, the owner of Fox News and 20th Century Fox, in 2005, they launched their own record label, MySpace Records, in an effort to discover unknown talent on Myspace Music. Regardless of the artist already being famous or still looking for a break into the industry, artists can upload their songs onto Myspace and have access to millions of people on a daily basis. Some well known singers such as Lily Allen, Owl City, Hollywood Undead, Sean Kingston, Arctic Monkeys, and Drop Dead, Gorgeous gained fame through Myspace. The availability of music on this website continues to develop, largely driven by young talent. Over eight million artists have been discovered by Myspace and many more continue to be discovered daily. In late 2007, the site launched The MySpace Transmissions, a series of live-in-studio recordings by well-known artists.
Myspace, in 2008, redesigned its music page adding new features for all musicians. These new features include the users' ability to create playlists, resembling the functions of Last.fm and other social music websites, along with the popular ProjectPlaylist that is popular on profiles. The new music features also archive songs from many popular artists, resembling the services of iTunes and Napster. Myspace music also suggests songs based on the songs you are listening to or the songs you had added to the playlist, making it a music discovery tool. The site features charts similar to Billboard charts and it keeps track of the most popular music liked by users of all genres. It also enables user to view popular music in other countries of the world, mostly in Europe and major Asian countries such as China and Russia.
With the release of the new Myspace, it became clear that music was to be one the sites main differentiators. This of course played into the sites historic strength and allowed them to compete in a niche market against Spotify and Pandora. According to Ebiz's "Top 15 Most Popular Music Sites", Myspace ranks #3 in traffic. As of December 1, 2012, Myspace received 26.5 million unique users each month. This places them comfortably ahead of competitor Spotify which only is seeing 10 million unique users each month yet behind Pandora and Yahoo! Music.
Finding new music is simpler on the newest version of Myspace than it's been previously, as users simply need to start typing and the queue will recognize that a user is searching. Myspace also has a discover section with content that is ranked by popularity amongst the crowd.
Throughout 2007 and 2008, Myspace redesigned many of the features of its site in both layout and in function. One of the first functions to be redesigned was the user home page, with features such as status updates, applications, and subscriptions being added in order to compete with Facebook.In 2008, the Myspace homepage was redesigned. Myspace Music was redecorated in 2008 and 2009, making it more like an online music store similar to iTunes and Rhapsody, along with the ability to create playlists. The use of Playlist.com on Myspace was abolished after the new Myspace music was launched.
On March 10, 2010, Myspace added some new features, like a recommendation engine for new users which suggests games, music and videos based on their previous search habits. The security on Myspace was also accounted to, with the criticism of Facebook, to make it a safer site. The security of Myspace enables users to choose if the content could be viewed for Friends Only, 18 and older, or Everyone. The website will also release several mobile micro applications for Myspace gamers besides sending them games alerts. The site may release 20 to 30 micro apps and go mobile in 2011.
In summer 2010, the color scheme of Myspace changed. The classic blue was replaced by a more white interface, to resemble the look and feel of Facebook, and to attract users of Facebook to join or rejoin Myspace. The simplification of the navigation bar also made it easier to find features quickly. In August 2010, the home page was modified to give new room for the Myspace Stream and to make it resemble Facebook further. Profile 3.0 was launched as well, which was an upgrade from profile 2.0. That enabled users to have more creativity with a simpler interface. Templates, like profile 2.0, are added too but it also enabled simpler template creation methods and module control. Building templates has become simpler; without the use of custom HTML or CSS, users can upload photos from their computers or find background images on the Internet by typing a URL, to give it more of a personal, more sentimental and individualist image than the prepackaged layout sites that were used before. HTML and CSS can be still used on the profile, but an HTML or CSS module must be added to promote a neater layout but still use the sponsored layout sites.
In September 2010, Myspace continued to work on improving the website. A photos section was added and the Fotoflexer app was added to photos. Myspace also enabled users to integrate their Myspace activity to their Twitter and Facebook accounts, to attract and show others that they are still on Myspace and to bring users back to Myspace. Myspace Movies was also added to promote movies and movie related media.
In October 2010, Myspace introduced a beta version of a new site design on a limited scale, with plans to switch all interested users to the new site in late November. Chief executive Mike Jones said the site is no longer competing with Facebook as a general social networking site. Instead, Myspace would be music-oriented and would target younger people. Jones believed most younger users would continue to use the site after the redesign, though older users might not. The goal of the redesign is to increase the number of Myspace users and how long they spend there. On October 26, BTIG analyst Richard Greenfield said, "Most investors have written off MySpace now", and he was unsure whether the changes would help the company recover.
In November 2010, MySpace changed its logo to coincide with the new site design. The word "my" appears in the Helvetica font, followed by a symbol representing a space. The logo change was announced on October 8, 2010 and appeared on the site on November 11, 2010. Also that month, MySpace integrated with Facebook Connect – calling it "Mash Up with Facebook" in an announcement widely seen as the final act of acknowledging Facebook's domination of the social networking industry.
In September 2012, a new redesign was announced (but no date given) making Myspace more visual and apparently optimized for tablets.
By April 2013 (presumably before), users have been able to transfer over to the new Myspace redesign.
Since early 2006, Myspace has offered the option to access the service in different regional versions. The alternative regional versions present automated content according to locality (e.g., UK users see other UK users as "Cool New People", and UK-oriented events and adverts, etc.), offer local languages other than English, or accommodate the regional differences in spelling and conventions in the English-speaking world (e.g., United States: "favorites", mm/dd/yyyy; the rest of the world: "favourites", dd/mm/yyyy).
MySpace Developer Platform (MDP)
On February 5, 2008, Myspace set up a developer platform which allows developers to share their ideas and write their own Myspace applications. The opening was inaugurated with a workshop at the MySpace offices in San Francisco two weeks before the official launch. The MDP is based on the OpenSocial API which was presented by Google in November 2007 to support social networks to develop social and interacting widgets and can be seen as an answer to Facebook's developer platform. The first public beta of the Myspace Apps was released on March 5, 2008, with around 1,000 applications available.
Myspace server infrastructure
At QCon London 2008, Myspace Chief Systems Architect Dan Farino indicated that Myspace was sending 100 gigabits of data per second out to the Internet, of which 10 gigabits was HTML content and the remainder was media such as videos and pictures. The server infrastructure consists of over 4,500 web servers (running Windows Server 2003, IIS 6.0, ASP.NET and .NET Framework 3.5), over 1,200 cache servers (running 64-bit Windows Server 2003), and over 500 database servers (running 64-bit Windows Server 2003 and SQL Server 2005) as well as a custom distributed file system which runs on Gentoo Linux.
Myspace operates solely on revenues generated by advertising as its revenue model possesses no user-paid features. Through its Web site and affiliated ad networks, Myspace is second only to Yahoo! in its capacity to collect data about its users and thus in its ability to use behavioral targeting to select the ads each visitor sees.
On August 8, 2006, search engine Google signed a $900 million deal to provide a Google search facility and advertising on Myspace. Myspace has proven to be a windfall for many smaller companies that provide widgets or accessories to the social networking giant. Companies such as Slide.com, RockYou, and YouTube were all launched on Myspace as widgets providing additional functionality to the site. Other sites created layouts to personalize the site and made hundreds of thousands of dollars for its owners most of whom were in their late teens and early twenties.
In November 2008, Myspace announced that user-uploaded content that infringed on copyrights held by MTV and its subsidiary networks would be redistributed with advertisements that would generate revenue for the companies.
Acquisition of Imeem
On November 18, 2009, Imeem was acquired by Myspace Music for an undisclosed amount. After the acquisition was completed on December 8, 2009, it was confirmed that Myspace Music bought Imeem for less than $1 million in cash. Myspace has also stated that they will be transitioning Imeem's users, and migrating all their play lists over to Myspace Music. On January 15, 2010, Myspace began restoring Imeem playlists.
Along with its website redesign, Myspace also completely redesigned their mobile application. The redesigned app in the Apple App Store was released in early June 2013. The program features a tool for users to create and edit gif images and post them to their Myspace stream. The app also allows users to stream available "live streams" of concerts. New users are able to join Myspace from the app by signing in with Facebook or Twitter or by signing up with email.
|Location||Available||Price||Version||Size||Last update||Device requirement|
|App Store||Yes||Free||3.6.2||15.6 MB||February 8, 2014||iOS 6.1 or greater|
|Google Play||Yes||Free||3.0.0||32.87 MB||May 22, 2014||Android 4.1 or greater|
The Myspace app offers ten filters that can be added when the user has just taken a photo or just created a gif.
- Lagos 77
The app allows users to play Myspace radio channels from the device. Users can select from genre stations, featured stations, and user or artist stations. A user can build her own station by connecting and listening to songs on Myspace's desktop website. The user is given six skips per station.
- Criticism of Myspace
- Myspace Records
- Myspace IM
- gOS 2.9 "Space" – Linux distribution geared toward Myspace users, see gOS (operating system)
- List of Internet phenomena
- List of social networking websites
- List of virtual communities with more than 100 million active users
- Social software
- Web 2.0 Suicide Machine
- Christou v. Beatport, LLC, a district court case which constituted that MySpace profiles could be held as trade secrets
- Doe v. MySpace, a ruling that MySpace was immune from liability resulting from a sexual assault of a minor.
- "Exclusive: The Bleak Financial Numbers From The MySpace Sale Pitch Book". TechCrunch. April 12, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Vascellaro, Jessica E. (June 30, 2011). "News Corp. Selling Myspace to Specific Media". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- "Myspace.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-04-01.
- "Myspace.com Site Overview & Statistics". Alexa. Retrieved April 1, 2014.
- John D. Sutter (October 27, 2010). "Praise for MySpace's new look – but that logo?". CNN. Retrieved 2011-12-31.
- "is a digital media company driving viewership for content owners, engagement for brands and relevance for consumers". Specific Media. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- "Suit over sale of MySpace dismissed". seattlepi.com. October 9, 2006. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Mark Lacter (August 25, 2006). "My Space is not their space anymore".
- "News Corporation". Newscorp.com. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- "Google's antisocial downside – CNET News". News.cnet.com. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Pete Cashmore (July 11, 2006). "MySpace, America's Number One". Mashable.com. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- Techtree News Staff (August 13, 2008). "Facebook: Largest, Fastest Growing Social Network". Techtree.com. ITNation. Retrieved 2008-08-14.
- Albanesius, Chloe (June 16, 2009). "More Americans Go To Facebook Than MySpace". PCMag.com. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Dignan, Larry (2007-08-08). "Fox Interactive turns annual profit; MySpace revenue to top $800 million in fiscal 2008". ZDNet. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- Felix Gillette (June 22, 2011). "The Rise and Inglorious Fall of Myspace". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
- Molloy, Fran (2008-03-27). "Internet connectivity " Science Features (ABC Science)". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- July 24, 2009 8:45 PM (2009-07-24). "MySpace is a big gaming platform but it hopes to be more of one". VentureBeat. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- Lanxon, Nate (2008-04-04). "MySpace Music: Three major labels apply eyeshadow | CNET UK". Crave.cnet.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
- "MySpace Executes 30% Staff Reduction Today". TechCrunch. June 16, 2009. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Fixmer, Andy, "News Corp. Calls Quits on Myspace With Specific Media Sale", Business Week, June 29, 2011
- Lapinski, Trent (September 11, 2006). "MySpace: The Business of Spam 2.0 (Exhaustive Edition)". ValleyWag. Retrieved 2008-03-13.
- Percival, Sean (2008). MySpace Marketing. Indianapolis, Ind.: Que. ISBN 978-0-7897-3709-0.
- "Welcome to". Freemyspace.com. Retrieved 2010-07-24.[dead link]
- "Welcome to". Freemyspace.com. Retrieved 2010-07-24.[dead link]
- "Keep your data safe and available while roaming". Portal.acm.org. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- "Forums". Dacity.com. Archived from the original on March 7, 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- Punch Networks (July 25, 2000). "punchnetworks.com". punchnetworks.com. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- Sellers, Patricia (August 29, 2006). "money.cnn.com". CNN. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- "Welcome to". Freemyspace.com. Retrieved 2010-07-24.[dead link]
- "MySpace History". FreeMySpace. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- "News Corp in $580m internet buy". BBC News. July 19, 2005. Retrieved 2008-03-13.
- Haden, Jeff (January 12, 2011). "MySpace Layoffs Are A Good Reminder how Uncool Rupert Murdock's acquisition of the social media was?". Business.time.com. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
- "Internet Entrepreneur & Myspace Founder Brad Greenspan Leads Investment Group Seeking to Take Non-Controlling Stake in Dow Jones Corp." (Press release). PRNewsWire. June 20, 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-13.
- "MySpace Debacle Vindication For Fired Viacom CEO Tom Freston –". Deadline.com. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
- Bridge, Rowan (January 24, 2006). "MySpace looks to UK music scene". BBC News. Retrieved 2006-01-24.
- Yunker, John (June 21, 2006). "MySpace China, Germany, and France this Summer?". Goingglobal.corante.com. Retrieved 2010-07-24.[dead link]
- "100,000,000th Account". MySpace. February 25, 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-21.
- Murdoch, Rupert (August 9, 2006). "Rupert Murdoch Comments on Fox Interactive's Growth". SeekingAlpha. Retrieved 2006-09-12.
- Helft, Miguel; Stone, Brad (November 2, 2007). "MySpace Joins Google Alliance to Counter Facebook". The New York Times.
- Richards, Jonathan (November 2, 2007). "MySpace and Bebo join Googles lovein". The Times (London).
- Barnett, Emma (April 8, 2010). "Did AOL squander its chances with Bebo?". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- "Update: Building a Facebook killer no easy task for Google | Cloud Computing". InfoWorld. June 30, 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Barnett, Emma (March 24, 2011). "MySpace loses 10 million users in a month". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- Steel, Emily (March 28, 2011). "Advertisers Wary of Myspace". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Facebook Overtakes Myspace". Alexa. May 7, 2008. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- "The Death of MySpace". Young Academic. March 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Chmielewski, Dawn C.; Sarno, David (June 17, 2009). "How MySpace fell off the pace". Los Angeles Times.
- Barnett, Emma (April 8, 2010). "Did AOL squander its chances with Bebo?". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- "Only one bidder for MySpace – and he might walk". TelecomTV. June 13, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- "Was It Google That Killed MySpace? – Tech News and Analysis". gigaom.com.
- Gehl, Robert W. (2012). "Real (Software) Abstractions: On the Rise of Facebook and the Fall of Myspace". Social Text 30 (2 111). Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- Newman, Jared (June 30, 2011). "MySpace: 4 Lessons Learned from the Collapse". PCWorld. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Kornblum, Janet (January 9, 2006). "MySpace is the place". USA Today.
- Johnson, Bobbie (June 26, 2007). "World news,US news,Technology,Digital media,Media,Facebook,Myspace,Research + Development (Technology),Social networking". The Guardian (London).
- Jesdanun, Anick (November 7, 2007). "MySpace popularity with teens fizzles". MSNBC. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Andrews, Robert (April 8, 2009). "MySpace, Bebo Audience Shrinking As Facebook Surges Ahead". paidContent. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- "Facebook Traffic More Than Doubles in One Year". Newsfactor.com. March 16, 2009. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- "Bebo sold by AOL after just two years". BBC News. June 17, 2010.
- Grover, Ronald (April 27, 2009). "Murdoch Tightens His Grip on MySpace". BusinessWeek. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Hempel, Jessi (April 23, 2009). "MySpace shakeup: News Corp.'s morning-after plan". CNN.
- Tartakoff, Joseph (April 23, 2009). "paidContent.org – It's Official: Chris DeWolfe To Exit As MySpace CEO; Tom Anderson Out As President". The Washington Post.
- The Economist. June 20–26 U.S. print edition. Page 8.
- Barnett, Emma (March 24, 2011). "MySpace loses 10 million users in a month". Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 2011-03-26.
- Advertisers Wary of Myspace retrieved April 1, 2011
- "News Corp taps Allen & Co for MySpace interest". Reuters. February 5, 2011.
- Vascellaro, Jessica E. (June 30, 2011). "News Corp. Selling Myspace to Specific Media". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Vascellaro, Jessica E.; Adams, Russell (February 25, 2011). "Myspace Opens Books to Prospective Buyers". The Wall Street Journal.
- Swisher, Kara (June 3, 2011). "The Myspace Sweepstakes Drag on–Another Bid Deadline Today As Sale Deadline Looms". All Things D.
- "Specific Media Acquires Myspace". Eon.businesswire.com. June 29, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- Laurie Segall (June 29, 2011). "News Corp. sells Myspace to Specific Media". CNN. Retrieved 2011-06-29.
- "News Corp.'s Rupert Murdoch calls Myspace buy a 'huge mistake'". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. October 21, 2011. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
- "Myspace Might Be a Failure, But Its Ex-Execs Are Not – Kara Swisher – Social". AllThingsD. June 13, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- This is myspace ... Justin Timberlake on Twitter. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2012.
- Amanda Holpuch (15 January 2013). "Myspace publicly unveils its revamped site – to little excitement". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- Saya Weissman (8 May 2013). "Myspace’s Pitch to Brands". Digiday. Digiday. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- Rohit Bhargava (7 January 2013). "5 Things For Marketers To Love About The New Myspace". IMG. Rohit Bhargava. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- Tom Cheredar (12 June 2013). "The new, new Myspace leaves beta — launches a revised design, new features, & a mobile app". VentureBeat. VentureBeat. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- Chmielewski, Dawn C. (June 12, 2013). "Myspace launches mobile music app". LA Times.
- "MySpace Ends All Games". N4G. HAVAmedia. June 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- Cynthia Boris (13 June 2013). "MySpace Deletes Your Stuff". Marketing Pilgrim. The Pilgrim Network. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- April Joyner (11 July 2013). "Can MySpace Pull Off A Digg-Like Revival?". Fast Company Labs. Mansueto Ventures. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "Myspace now boasts 36M users and a 340 percent increase in artists using the network". Digital Trends. October 1, 2013. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
- lupefiasco (January 10, 2006). "So That's Why Myspace Blocked YouTube". Techdirt.com. Retrieved 2006-07-28.
- "Myspace Mobile To Debut On Helio; Details on Handsets". Dis*Content Media LLC. February 16, 2006. Archived from the original on September 1, 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-08.
- "Myspace Picks UIEvolution to Develop Mobile User Interface, Experiences". ScreenPlays. Archived from the original on October 21, 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-27.
- "Myspace partners with Vodafone". StrategyWire. Retrieved 2007-02-08.[dead link]
- "Myspace Launches Mobile Site In Canada With Rogers Wireless; Charges Fee". MocoNews. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- delawareonline ¦ The News Journal, Wilmington, Del. ¦ The article requested can not be found! Please refresh your browser or go back. (BL,20070904,BUSINESS,709040311,AR)[dead link]
- [dead link]. The Myspace forums is a standard community forum that allows people to discuss many topics of interests such as politics, news, automotive, food, music, and so on.
- "iTunes - Music - The Summer Obsession". Itunes.apple.com. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
- Siwal (January 11, 2008). "Facebook, Myspace Statistics". techradar1.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2010-10-17.
- "MySpace adds new tools after revamp". New Statesman. UK. March 11, 2010. Retrieved March 11, 2010.
|last1=in Authors list (help)
- Oreskovic, Alexei (October 27, 2010). "MySpace launching new version of website". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-10-31.
- Alexia Tsotsis, Myspace Unveils New, Artsy Logo, Techcrunch.com, October 8, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
- "You can now login to Myspace with Facebook". mashable.com. November 18, 2010.
- [dead link]
- Radhika Marya (January 11, 2011). "MySpace Reduces Staff by 47%". Mashable.com. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
- "MySpace to Ax Up to Half Its Workers – Downsizing could be announced this month, sources say". Newser.com. January 4, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
- Loz Blain (September 25, 2012). "The new Facebook is...Myspace?". gizmag.com. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
- "Let me see my app!". MySpace MDP. February 5, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-05.
- "MySpace Open to Developers". MySpace News. February 5, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-05.
- "Behind the Scenes at MySpace.com". InfoQ.com. February 10, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-12.
- "MySpace Replaces Storage with Solid-State Drive Technology in 150 Standard Load Servers". InfoQ.com. December 12, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-12.
- "Is Myspace free?". MySpace.com. Archived from the original on August 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
- Story, Louise and comScore (March 10, 2008). "They Know More Than You Think" (JPEG). The New York Times. in Story, Louise (March 10, 2008). "To Aim Ads, Web Is Keeping Closer Eye on You". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-09.
- "Google signs $900m News Corp deal". BBC News. August 7, 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-09.
- Vance, Ashlee (August 7, 2006). "Google pays $900m to monetise children via MySpace". The Register. Retrieved 2006-09-09.
- Clark, Andrew (August 8, 2006). "Google to pay $900m for Myspace link-up". London: Guardian Unlimited Business. Retrieved 2006-09-09.
- Rosmarin, Rachel (October 4, 2006). "The Myspace Economy". Forbes. Retrieved 2006-10-04.
- Graham, Jefferson (August 14, 2006). "Google search ads find momentum". USA Today. Retrieved 2006-08-14.
- Wallenstein, Andrew (November 3, 2008). "''Reuters'' "MySpace, MTV test piracy-profit plan." Wallenstein, Andrew. Nov.3, 2008". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- "Myspace Music Completes Acquisition of Imeem". TechCrunch. December 8, 2009.
- "Myspace Pressroom". Myspace. December 8, 2009.
- Rosoff, Matt (January 16, 2010). "MySpace restores Imeem playlists | Digital Noise: Music and Tech – CNET News". News.cnet.com. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
- Angwin, Julia. 2009. Stealing MySpace: The Battle to Control the Most Popular Website in America, New York: Random House. ISBN 978-1-4000-6694-0
- Davis, Donald Carrington, Myspace Isn't Your Space: Expanding the Fair Credit Reporting Act to Ensure Accountability and Fairness in Employer Searches of Online Social Networking Services, 16 Kan. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 237 (2007).
- Dodero, Camille, "Lost in MySpace: Log on, tune in, and hook up with 22 million people online", The Boston Phoenix, July 22–28, 2005.
- Dodero, Camille, "You and your tech-chic: As of 2006, new media isn't just for geeks anymore", The Boston Phoenix, December 20, 2006.
- Tapscott, Don and Anthony D. Williams. 2007. Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything. New York: Penguin.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Myspace.|