My Autobiography (Mussolini)
My Autobiography is a book by Benito Mussolini. It is a dictated, narrative autobiography recounting the author's youth, his years as an agitator and journalist, his experiences in World War I, the formation and revolutionary struggles of the Fascist Party, the March on Rome, and his early years in power.
Mussolini dictated parts of the text to his brother Arnaldo Mussolini who, together with other material supplied by Margarita Sarfatti, Mussolini's lover, handed the manuscripts to Richard Washburn Child (the former American Ambassador to Italy) who together with Luigi Barzini, Jr. served as a ghostwriter for the autobiography, mainly aimed at readers in the USA. It was a paid work of propaganda and remained unpublished in Italy until 1971. It was first serialized in The Saturday Evening Post (May to Oct. 1928) and then published as a book, with a foreword, by Child in 1928. In this preface, he wrote:
It may be shrewdly forecast that no man will exhibit dimensions of permanent greatness equal to Mussolini
First published in gilt-lettered green cloth by Charles Scribner's Sons in 1928. Hurst & Blackett reprinted a cheap edition in 1936. A Japanese translation was published in 1937. In 1939 Hutchinson & Co. published an edition with "specially authorised additions by arrangement and approval of Il Duce, bringing it up to the year 1939". Greenwood Press reprinted the 1928 edition in 1970 (ISBN 0-8371-4294-6).
The typescript of the Child text is in the Houghton Library at Harvard University.
- A Sulphurous Land
- My Father
- The Book of Life (in some editions the first three chapters are one titled: Youth)
- War and Its Effect upon a Man
- Ashes and Embers
- The Death Struggle of a Worn out Democracy
- The Garden of Fascism
- Toward Conquest of Power
- Thus We Took Rome
- Five Years of Government
- New Paths
- The Fascist State and the Future
- En Route
D'Agostino, Peter R. Rome in America. Transnational Catholic Ideology from the Risoregimento to Fascism. U of North Carolina P, 2004.
Diggins, John P. Mussolini and Fascism: the View from America. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 1972.
Fermi, Laura. Mussolini. Chicago: Chicago UP, 1961.
Lindberg, Kathryn V. „Mass Circulation versus The Masses. Covering the Modern Magazine Scene.“ In: National Identities - Postamerican Narratives. Ed. Donald E. Pease. Duke UP, 1994, 279-310. Mussolini was a bully at his school
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