My Generation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from My Generation (The Who song))
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Who song. For the Who album, see My Generation (album). For other uses, see My Generation (disambiguation).
"My Generation"
Swedish release
Single by The Who
from the album My Generation
B-side "Shout and Shimmy" (Brown) (UK)
"Out in the Street" (USA)
Released 5 November 1965 (UK)
20 November 1965 (US)[1]
Format Vinyl record (7")
Recorded 13 October 1965;
IBC Studios in Central London
Genre
Length 3:18
Label Brunswick 05944 (UK)
Decca 31877 (US)
Writer(s) Pete Townshend
Producer(s) Shel Talmy
The Who singles chronology
"Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere"
(1965)
"My Generation"
(1965)
"Substitute"
(1966)
Audio sample
file info · help

"My Generation" is a song by the British rock group The Who, which became a hit and one of their most recognisable songs. The song was named the 11th greatest song by Rolling Stone on their list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time and 13th on VH1's list of the 100 Greatest Songs of Rock & Roll.[5] It's also part of The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll and is inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame for "historical, artistic and significant" value. In 2009 it was named the 37th Greatest Hard Rock Song by VH1.[3]

The song was released as a single on 5 November 1965, reaching No. 2 in the UK, the Who's highest charting single in their home country[6] and No. 74 in America.[7] "My Generation" also appeared on The Who's 1965 debut album, My Generation (The Who Sings My Generation in the United States), and in greatly extended form on their live album Live at Leeds (1970). The Who re-recorded the song for the Ready Steady Who! EP in 1966, but it was not included on the EP, and this version was released only in 1995 on the remastered version of the A Quick One album. The main difference between this version and the original is that instead of the hail of feedback which ends the original, the band play a chaotic rendition of Edward Elgar's "Land of Hope and Glory." In the album's liner notes the song is credited to both Townshend and Elgar.

A music video featuring a montage of live performance clips has been played on music stations. In 2009, Pepsi released a music video for its advertising using scenes and cultural icons from the 20th century: 1900s bowler hats and hatpins, 1920s Prohibition era flappers, 1940s ticker tape parades for 1945's World War II returnees, 1950s souped up drag racing, leather jackets and James Dean-esqe hairstyles, 1960s hippies and their opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War, 1970s disco, 1980s break dancing and fall of the Berlin Wall and 1990s grunge, moshing and hip hop.

Inspiration[edit]

Townshend reportedly wrote the song on a train and is said to have been inspired by the Queen Mother who is alleged to have had Townshend's 1935 Packard hearse towed off a street in Belgravia because she was offended by the sight of it during her daily drive through the neighbourhood.[8] Townshend has also credited Mose Allison's "Young Man Blues" as the inspiration for the song, saying "Without Mose I wouldn't have written 'My Generation'."[9] Townshend told Rolling Stone magazine in 1985 that "'My Generation' was very much about trying to find a place in society."[10]

On a later interview for Good Morning America, in 1989, the band was discussing the upcoming 1989 tour to celebrate the 20th anniversary of Tommy, and Townshend talked about the famous line "I hope I die before I get old." He said that, for him, when he wrote the lyrics, "old" meant "very rich."

Composition[edit]

Perhaps the most striking element of the song are the lyrics, considered one of the most distilled statements of youthful rebellion in rock history. The tone of the track alone helped make it an acknowledged forebear of the punk rock movement. One of the most-quoted—and patently rewritten—lines in rock history is "I hope I die before I get old," famously sneered by lead singer Roger Daltrey.

Like much of The Who's earlier Mod output, the song boasts clear influences of American R&B, most explicitly in the call and response form of the verses. Daltrey would sing a line, and the backing vocalists, Pete Townshend (low harmony) and John Entwistle (high harmony), would respond with the refrain "Talkin' 'bout my generation":

"My Generation" vocal melody with call and response. About this sound Play 
People try to put us d-down (Talkin' 'bout my generation)
Just because we g-g-get around (Talkin' 'bout my generation)
Things they do look awful c-c-cold (Talkin' 'bout my generation)
I hope I die before I get old (Talkin' 'bout my generation)

The vocal melody of "My Generation" is an example of the shout-and-fall modal frame.[11] This call and response is mirrored in the instrumental break with solo emphasis passing from Townshend's guitar to Entwistle's bass and back again several times.

Roger Daltrey's famous lyrical approach in "My Generation" was inspired by bluesman John Lee Hooker

Another salient aspect of "My Generation" is Daltrey's delivery: an angry and frustrated stutter. Various stories exist as to the reason for this distinct delivery. One is that the song began as a slow "talking" blues number without the stutter (in the 1970s it was sometimes performed as such, but with the stutter, as "My Generation Blues"), but after being inspired by John Lee Hooker's "Stuttering Blues," Townshend reworked the song into its present form. Another reason is that it was suggested to Daltrey that he stutter to sound like a British mod on speed. It is also proposed, albeit less frequently, that the stutter was introduced to give the group a framework for implying an expletive in the lyrics: "Why don't you all fff... fade away!" However, producer Shel Talmy insisted it was simply "one of those happy accidents" that he thought they should keep. Roger Daltrey has also commented that he had not rehearsed the song prior to the recording, was nervous, and he was unable to hear his own voice through the monitors. The stutter came about as he tried to fit the lyrics to the music as best he could, and the band decided it worked well enough to keep. The BBC initially refused to play "My Generation" because it did not want to offend people who stutter, but it reversed its decision after the song became more popular.

The instrumentation of the song duly reflects the lyrics: fast and aggressive. Significantly, "My Generation" also featured one of the first bass solos in rock history. This was played by Entwistle on his Fender Jazz Bass, rather than the Danelectro bass he wanted to use; after buying three Danelectros with rare thin strings that kept breaking easily (and were not available separately), a frustrated Entwistle used his Fender strung with nylon tapewound strings and was forced to simplify the solo. The song's coda features drumming from Keith Moon, as well, whereupon the song breaks down in spurts of guitar feedback from Townshend's Rickenbacker, rather than fading out or ending cleanly on the tonic. There are two guitar parts. The basic instrumental track (as reflected on the instrumental version on the My Generation Deluxe edition) followed by Townshend's overdubs including the furious feedback on the outro. Perhaps taking a lead from The Kinks' "You Really Got Me," the song modulates from its opening key of G up to C via the keys of A and B. Townshend's guitars were tuned down a whole step for the recording.

Live versions of the song often meander into extended jams, going on as long as fifteen minutes, as evidenced by the version appearing on Live at Leeds. Live recordings from 1969–1970 include snippets of music from Tommy as well as parts of what would become "Naked Eye."

Townshend's demo version of the song (together with a demo of "Pinball Wizard") appeared on a flexi disc included in the original edition of the book The Who: Maximum R&B by Richard Barnes.[12]

Personnel[edit]

The Who
Additional personnel

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (1965–1966) Peak
position
Australia (Kent Music Report)[13] 2
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[14] 9
Canada Top Singles (RPM)[15] 3
France (IFOP)[16] 13
Germany (Media Control Charts)[17] 6
Ireland (IRMA)[18] 7
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[19] 5
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[20] 7
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[21] 2
US Billboard Hot 100[7] 74
Chart (1988) Peak
position
Australia (Kent Music Report)[13] 88

References[edit]

  1. ^ My Generation at the Wayback Machine (archived 14 March 2009). TheWho.com. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  2. ^ Unterberger, Richie. "The Who – My Generation". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Vh1 Top 100 Hard Rock Songs". Spreadit.org. 1 January 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  4. ^ Kitts, Jeff; Tolinski, Brad (2002). Guitar World Presents the 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time: From the Pages of Guitar World Magazine. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 21. ISBN 0-634-04619-5. 
  5. ^ "VH1: '100 Greatest Rock Songs': 1-50". Rock On The Net. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  6. ^ "Who". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "The Who – Awards". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  8. ^ Amazing Journey: The Life of Pete Townshend – Chapter 2 at the Wayback Machine (archived 2 December 2007). Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  9. ^ Bernays, Paul (1 December 2005). Mose Allison – Director's Statement at the Wayback Machine (archived 25 February 2009). BBC Four. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  10. ^ My Generation – The Who at the Wayback Machine (archived 9 April 2010). Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. 9 December 2004. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  11. ^ Middleton 1990, p.207.
  12. ^ Barnes, Richard (1982). The Who: Maximum R&B. Medford, New Jersey, USA: Plexus Publishing. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-8596-5351-0. 
  13. ^ a b "Forum – ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – CHART POSITIONS PRE 1989". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  14. ^ "The Who – My Generation – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  15. ^ "RPM Top Singles." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  16. ^ "InfoDisc : Tous les Titres par Artiste" (in French). InfoDisc. Select "The Who" from the artist drop-down menu. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "The Who – My Generation". Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  18. ^ "The Irish Charts – All there is to know". Irishcharts.ie. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  19. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – The Who - My Generation search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  20. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – The Who – My Generation" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  21. ^ "Archive Chart: 1965-11-27" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved 2 July 2013.