My Three Sons
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009)|
|My Three Sons|
My Three Sons opening titles
Daniel, Joseph, and Michael Todd
|Theme music composer||Frank De Vol|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||12|
|No. of episodes||380 (List of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Don Fedderson|
|Producer(s)||Peter Tewksbury (1960-61)
George Tibbles (1961-62)
Edmund L. Hartmann (1962-72)
|Running time||25 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Don Fedderson Productions (1960–1972)
Gregg-Don, Inc. (1960–1965)
MCA Television (1960–1965)
CBS Productions (1965–1972)
|Distributor||Viacom Enterprises (1971–1995)
Paramount Domestic Television (1995–2006)
CBS Television Distribution (2007–present)
|Original channel||ABC (1960–1965)
|Picture format||Black-and-white (1960–65)
|Original run||September 29, 1960– August 24, 1972|
My Three Sons is an American situation comedy. The series ran from 1960 to 1965 on ABC, and moved to CBS until its end on August 24, 1972. My Three Sons chronicles the life of widower and aeronautical engineer Steven Douglas (Fred MacMurray) as he raises his three sons. The series originally featured William Frawley as the boys' live-in maternal grandfather, Bub. William Demarest, playing Bub's brother, replaced Frawley in 1965 due to Frawley's health issues. Over the numerous seasons, the original eldest son gradually disappeared from the show, and a new son was adopted, to keep the emphasis on three boys. In the final years of the show, Steven Douglas remarried and acquired a stepdaughter.
The series was a cornerstone of the ABC and CBS lineups in the 1960s. With 380 episodes produced, it is second only to The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet as television's longest running live-action sitcom. Disney producer Bill Walsh often mused on whether the concept of the show was inspired by the movie The Shaggy Dog, as in his view they shared "the same dog, the same kids, and Fred MacMurray".
The origin of this show was presented by a writer named Jim Leech. He saw the four-year separation of kids in a family at his church, called the McKnights. The father was James W. McKnight, an LA Fireman, and his 3 sons Jim Mcknight, Terry McKnight and the small cute Scott McKnight living in west Los Angeles. The mother was constantly referring to her three sons, which spurred the Idea for the ABC Show. Jim & Scott are living. Scott is in the same house of his adorable family. Until the 1960s LSD Era, the kids enjoyed a "Leave it to Beaver" style life. The show began on ABC in black-and-white. The first season, consisting of thirty-six episodes, is particularly remarkable for having been directed in its entirety by Peter Tewksbury, who also produced and occasionally scripted the programs.
These early episodes held to no specific generic type, so that any episode from one week to the next might be either comedic or dramatic. Tewksbury's episodes are also unusual for their use of cross-talk (a way of having the voices of off-screen characters heard in the background of the soundtrack, just under the voices of the main characters). Using this clever directorial twist, Tewksbury realistically portrayed the chaotic, fast paced, and ever changing sequence of events; coordinate and conflicting, that was the daily routine of living in the Douglas household. He did this a full decade before Robert Altman was credited with innovating such aural realism in feature films such as M*A*S*H (1970). An example of Tewksbury's use of cross-talk is the fourth episode, "Countdown," written by David Duncan, which chronicles the Douglas family's attempts to wake up, prepare for the day, have breakfast and get out of the house by a common, agreed-upon time, all carefully synchronized to a televised rocket launch countdown – to comical and often ironic effect. Tewksbury returned to directing feature films after concluding the season because the producers could not handle his perfectionist attitude which was costing thousands of dollars in lost time and reshoots.
Peter Tewksbury directed the first season. The succeeding director, Richard Whorf, took over the reins for one season and was in turn followed by former actor-turned-director Gene Reynolds from 1962 to 1964. James V. Kern, an experienced Hollywood television director who had previously helmed the 'Hollywood' and 'Europe' episodes of I Love Lucy continued in this role for two years until his untimely death in late 1966, aged 57. Director James Sheldon was also contracted to finish episodes that had been partly completed by Kern in order to complete that season. Fred De Cordova was the show's longest and most consistent director of the series (108 episodes) until he left in 1971 to produce The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. Earl Bellamy rounded out the series as director of the show's final year.
My Three Sons moved to the CBS television network for the 1965–66 season after ABC would not commit to underwriting the expense of producing the program in color. Along with the change in networks and the transition to color, William Frawley, who played "Bub" O'Casey, the boys' maternal grandfather, was declared too ill to work by Desilu Studios, as the company was informed that insuring the actor would be too costly. Frawley continued in the role until a suitable replacement could be found at midseason. He was replaced by William Demarest, who had played his hard-nosed brother (great) Uncle Charley part way through the 1964–65 season (the last on ABC). According to the storyline, Bub returns to Ireland to help his Auntie Kate celebrate her 104th birthday. Soon after, brother Charley pays the Douglases a visit and stays on as housekeeper. Once Frawley was replaced, his character's role (as portrayed by Demarest), was quickly evolved into a curmudgeonly lovable care-giver, who fully shared in the rearing of three growing boys, through each of their developments into young men. Although Frawley in his biography, Meet the Mertzes, says he was hurt by being ousted from the show and held a grudge against Demarest for taking his job, he died a short while later in March 1966 at age 79.
Tim Considine, who had worked with MacMurray on The Shaggy Dog, had played oldest son Mike and did not renew his contract after a falling-out with executive producer Don Fedderson over his wish to direct but not co-star in the series (he did direct one of the last black and white episodes). According to Considine (Pat Sajak Show, August 1989), he was devoted to car racing, which his contract forbade. The character was written out, along with Meredith MacRae, who had played his fiancee, in a wedding episode that was the premiere of 1965–66 on CBS. After said episode, the program's first in color, Mike is mentioned briefly in only four succeeding episodes (including one in which Ernie becomes adopted), and is otherwise never seen again, even at Robbie's and his dad's weddings. In the episode "Steve and the Huntress" (first aired January 27, 1966), Mike is specifically mentioned as teaching college. There is an indirect reference to Mike in the October 19, 1968 episode "The Grandfathers," when Steve Douglas says, "The first two boys weren't bothered, but we did have a little trouble with Chip," when discussing his experience taking care of infants.
To keep the show's title plausible, the show's head writer, George Tibbles, fashioned a three-part story arc in which an orphaned friend of youngest brother Richard (better known as Chip and played by Stanley Livingston), Ernie Thompson (played by his real-life brother, Barry Livingston), awaits adoption when his current foster parents are transferred to the Orient. Steve offers to adopt Ernie but faces antagonism from Uncle Charley, who can foresee nothing but more work and trouble with raising another boy (who is after all an adoptee). Ultimately, it is Charley himself, who comes to the rescue, when a law stating that there must be a woman in the home stalls Ernie's adoption procedure. (A judge overseeing the case determines that the intent of the law is to make sure a full-time caregiver would be present; with Uncle Charley having already evolved into that role, the requirement is met; Uncle Charlie then assents to a legal fiction declaring himself the "housemother" to the Douglases.)
While the three sons were always central to the storyline, several major changes take place by the late 1960s. In 1967, the family moves from the fictitious town of Bryant Park in the Midwest to California, settling in Los Angeles. Robbie (Don Grady) marries his classmate/girlfriend, Katie Miller (Tina Cole). The following season, 1968–69, the newlyweds discover that Katie is pregnant, and she gives birth to triplets named Robert, Steven, and Charles. Although originally played by sets of uncredited twins, these babies were played uncredited by Guy, Gunnar, and Garth Swanson. The most familiar triplets in the show's last two seasons are played by Michael, Daniel, and Joseph Todd. The following year in the tenth season, 1969–1970, Steven remarries, taking widowed teacher Barbara Harper (Beverly Garland) as his wife; she brings with her a 5-year-old daughter, Dorothy aka Dodie (Dawn Lyn), so Steven now had a stepdaughter whom he also subsequently adopts. Also, the last 1 1/2 years of the series features fewer appearances of both Don Grady and Stanley Livingston. Grady's character was written out of the show at the end of the eleventh season, which allowed for his wife Katie and their triplet sons to remain within the Douglas household the following season (as a structural engineer Robbie was working on a bridge construction in Peru). Chip and his teen wife Polly (Ronne Troup) (who eloped after Polly's disciplinarian father refused to sanction the marriage) move into their own apartment. With a large cast of regulars, the show's storylines are centered on different family members from episode to episode. At this point the program's narrative focus is that of blended families.
At the end of the 1970–71 season (the show's eleventh year), My Three Sons was still garnering healthy ratings. By the spring of 1971, it had finished in 19th place. For the majority of its run, the show had aired on Thursday nights, whether on ABC or CBS. In 1967, it moved to Saturday nights. A 1971 television pilot with Don Grady and Tina Cole called Three of a Kind, then retitled Robbie, about Robbie, Katie and the triplets moving to San Francisco, was filmed but not picked up as a series. The final MTS episode of the 1970-71 season titled 'After the Honeymoon' actually set up the premise for this pilot. The guest stars were Richard X. Slattery and Pat Carroll who were featured as the landlords of the apartment block Robbie and Katie move into. However, Don Grady had informed the producers of his intention to leave the series and pursue a new full-time career as a composer which he ultimately did. For the series' twelfth season, 1971–72, CBS initially decided the show would remain on Saturday nights, but its time slot would be moved from 8:30 P.M. to 8:00 P.M. At the last minute, CBS President Fred Silverman ordered that My Three Sons be moved to Monday nights at 10:00 P.M. and that the hugely popular All in the Family be scheduled for Saturday nights at 8:00 P.M. As a result, the ratings for My Three Sons plummeted.
In addition to the time changes for the twelfth season, a new four-part story arc is introduced with MacMurray in a second role, that of his cousin, the Laird (Lord) Fergus McBain Douglas of Sithian Bridge. The voice of English actor Alan Caillou is dubbed for MacMurray's as Lord Douglas. The plot centers around Lord Douglas's arrival in Los Angeles from the family's native Scotland, in search of a First Lady to marry and return with him to Scotland. He finds Terri Dowling (Anne Francis), a waitress at the Blue Berry Bowling Alley. While initially reluctant to give up her life in America and return to Scotland as royalty, she finally accepts. This storyline is a continuation of a plot idea that originally began in the fourth season, when the Douglases visit Scotland on the pretense of having been told they had inherited a castle in the highlands.
With a later time slot, the show finished the season outside the Top 30. To save the series, CBS moved it in midseason back to Thursday nights at 8:30 P.M, its old time slot. Nevertheless, My Three Sons ended its prime-time run in the spring of 1972 after twelve years on the air. Fred MacMurray, bitterly disappointed, protested the show's cancellation to Fred Silverman, but to no avail.
- Fred MacMurray, Steven "Steve" Douglas
- William Frawley, Michael Francis "Bub" O'Casey (1960–1965)
- William Demarest, Charles Leslie "Uncle Charley" O'Casey, Bub's brother (1965–1972)
- Tim Considine, Michael "Mike" Douglas (1960–1965)
- Don Grady, Robert "Robbie" Douglas (1960–1971)
- Stanley Livingston, Richard "Chip" Douglas
- Barry Livingston, Ernest "Ernie" Thompson/Douglas (1963–1972)
- Meredith MacRae, Sally Ann Morrison Douglas (1963–1965)
- Tina Cole, Kathleen "Katie" Miller Douglas (1967–1972)
- Beverly Garland, Barbara Harper Douglas (1969–1972)
- Dawn Lyn, Dorothy "Dodie" Harper Douglas (1969–1972)
- Ronne Troup, Polly Williams Douglas (1970–1972)
- Michael, Daniel, and Joseph Todd, playing Robbie, Stevie, and Charley Douglas respectively (1970–1972)
- Cynthia Pepper, Jean Pearson (1960–1961)
- Peter Brooks, Hank Ferguson (1960–1963)
- Cheryl Holdridge, Judy Doucette (1960–1961)
- Ricky Allen, Hubert 'Sudsy' Pfeiffer (1961–1963)
- Hank Jones, Pete (1964–1966)
- Bill Erwin, Joe Walters (1962–1964)
- Doris Singleton, Helen Morrison (1964–65) and Margaret Williams (1970)
- John Howard, Dave Welch (1965–1967)
- Joan Tompkins, Lorraine Miller (1967–1970)
- Lesley-Marie Colburn, Frieda (1963-1964
The series' cast had several music connections. MacMurray began his career as a saxophone player during the 1930s, and sometimes played it on the series, as well as clarinet. Actress Tina Cole (Katie) was born into the King Family, a popular 1950s–1960s group. Ronne Troup (Polly) was the daughter of musician/composer Bobby Troup (Emergency!), who wrote the song Route 66, and Dawn Lyn is the younger sister of popular 1970s idol Leif Garrett. Don Grady (Robbie) composed and produced music, having created successful Las Vegas venues for Phantom of the Opera star Michael Crawford and pop star David Cassidy. Grady also played drums in the 60s pop group Yellow Balloon.
My Three Sons had 36 episodes in the first two seasons. The series had more than thirty episodes in the first eight seasons; the episode output then decreased by two episodes until the eleventh season, which had twenty-four episodes, along with the twelfth season. The first five seasons were filmed in black & white, then after the move to CBS, it was filmed in color for the remainder of its run.
NOTE: The most frequent time slots for the series are in bold text.
- Thursday at 9:00-9:30 PM on ABC: September 29, 1960—June 20, 1963
- Thursday at 8:30-9:00 PM on ABC: September 19, 1963—May 20, 1965
- Thursday at 8:30-9:00 PM on CBS: September 16, 1965—May 11, 1967; January—April 13, 1972
- Saturday at 8:30-9:00 PM on CBS: September 9, 1967—March 20, 1971
- Monday at 10:00-10:30 PM on CBS: September 13—December 20, 1971
- Thursday at 8:30-9:00 PM on CBS: January 13, 1972 - August 24, 1972 (NB: Reruns from April 20, 1972 - August 24, 1972)
- Season 1 1960 – 1961: #13 (12,177,600 viewers)
- Season 2 1961 – 1962: #11 (11,993,085 viewers)
- Season 3 1962 – 1963: #28 (10,563,000 viewers)
- Season 4 1963 – 1964: #27 (11,300,400 viewers)
- Season 5 1964 – 1965: #13 (13,438,500 viewers)
- Season 6 1965 – 1966: #15 (12,816,300 viewers)
- Season 7 1966 – 1967: Not in the Top 30
- Season 8 1967 – 1968: #24 (11,787,360 viewers)
- Season 9 1968 – 1969: #14 (13,281,000 viewers)
- Season 10 1969 – 1970: #15 (12,753,000 viewers)
- Season 11 1970 – 1971: #19 (12,500,800 viewers)
- Season 12 1971 – 1972: Not in the Top 30
The series was initially filmed at Desilu Studios in Hollywood, but at the start of the 1967–68 season, the cast and crew up-anchored and began filming the series at the CBS Studio Center in Studio City, California. The reasons behind this move were because actress-comedienne Lucille Ball had sold her studios to the Gulf + Western conglomerate, who owned Paramount Pictures, so Don Fedderson Productions, who produced My Three Sons (along with Family Affair starring Brian Keith), had to quickly make other arrangements for filming. The move also necessitated moves in the show's storyline as well, hence the family's move from the fictitious town of Bryant Park to North Hollywood, California, although the town is never officially mentioned, simply just the city of Los Angeles.
Fred MacMurray was the only actor to appear in every episode of the series. Reportedly, MacMurray's contract stipulated that he work only 65 days per year. His scenes for each season were produced in two blocks of filming. He would report to the Desilu-Gower lot in late May and work 35 days (five days per week, weekends off), then take off for 10 weeks. He would then return to complete his remaining 30 days of shooting and was finished altogether around Thanksgiving. MacMurray's ten-week hiatus in the middle of each season's production schedule freed up the actor to follow other pursuits, while the filming of scenes with the other cast members continued. In short, all episodes were filmed out of sequence. Evidence of this is very apparent in several episodes, where plotlines had MacMurray's character on a business trip (e.g. "Small Adventure") or spending much of his time at the office (e.g. "Soap Box Derby"). This allowed him to seemingly take part in the entire episode with limited or no interaction with the other regulars during filming. This sometimes produced noticeable continuity problems onscreen, especially as the boys grew and changed styles. William Frawley, for one, never felt comfortable with this filming method, having grown accustomed to filming I Love Lucy in sequence.
Although Don Fedderson gets the credit, My Three Sons was created by George Tibbles and produced by Don Fedderson Productions throughout the show's run, with MCA Television co-distributing the series during its 1960–65 ABC airing. When the series moved to CBS in 1965, the latter network assumed full production responsibilities (in association with Fedderson Productions) until the end of the series in 1972. CBS now holds the series' copyright. CBS Television Distribution presently owns distribution rights to the entire series (including the more widely seen and aforementioned 1965–72 CBS episodes). The show did not get syndicated until September of 1976, and then only the CBS colored episodes aired while the Black and White ABC episodes did not air on broadcast TV at all.
Nick at Nite aired My Three Sons from November 3, 1985 to October 28, 1991 with episodes from Seasons 1-5, and season 12. The Family Channel also aired only the black and white episodes from September 7, 1992 to July 30, 1993. The Seasons 6–12 episodes were later aired on TV Land in the late 1990s and on Odyssey in the early 2000s. In 2000, TV Land briefly aired the black & white episodes again, using the same syndication episode rights that were on Nick at Nite during the 1980s.
Since fall 2004, only Seasons 6-10 are being distributed for syndication in the US-Domestic market, though very few stations air the show anymore. In 2009, FamilyNet began airing the program as a lead-in for its Happy Days and Family Ties program block, which ended in February 2010.
Since 2012 only the color episodes from Seasons 6-10 of the program have been currently broadcast in heavy rotation on weekday mornings on the Memorable Entertainment Me-TV network.
All releases have been reworked to eliminate licensed musical and sound assets. Although the original theme tune has been left unaltered, the background musical score for most episodes (which were originally stock music from the Capitol Records library) was replaced with more modern, synthesized music. The Capitol licensing agreement only covered broadcast rights, not home video rights, and clearing the music for DVD with the individual composers as necessary was deemed cost-prohibitive. This situation may change if the later seasons eventually come to DVD as Frank DeVol was the in-house composer and the later episodes should not need to be rescored.
|DVD Name||Ep #||Release Date|
|The First Season: Volume 1||18||September 30, 2008|
|The First Season: Volume 2||18||January 20, 2009|
|The Second Season: Volume 1||18||February 23, 2010|
|The Second Season: Volume 2||18||June 15, 2010|
- Fred MacMurray: The First Disney Legend
- Peter Tewksbury at the Internet Movie Database
- "My Three Sons - Full cast and crew". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2013-09-08.
- Season 6, Episode 3 - Brother, Ernie
- Terrace, Vincent Encyclopedia of Television Pilots, 1937–2012 McFarland
- Season 4, Episode 2 - Scotch Broth
- Shostak, Stu (06-18-2014). "Interview with Michael Schlesinger". Stu's Show. Retrieved 2014-06-22.
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