Myanmar National Airlines

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Myanmar National Airlines
Founded 15 September 1948 (as Union of Burma Airways)
Hubs Yangon International Airport
Mandalay International Airport
Fleet size 15 (+20 orders)
Destinations 32
Parent company Ministry of Transport,Union of Myanmar
Headquarters Yangon, Myanmar
Key people Than Tun (MD)

Myanmar National Airlines (Burmese: မြန်မာ့လေကြောင်း) is the sole national flag carrier and state-owned airline of Myanmar, based in Yangon.[2] It operates scheduled services to all major domestic destinations. Its main base is Yangon International Airport.[3]


Union of Burma Airways Boeing 727 at Hong Kong Kai Tak International Airport in 1974
Myanma Airways Fokker F27-600 at Yangon International Airport in 2005.

The airline was founded by the government after independence in 15 September 1948, as the Union of Burma Airways (UBA). It initially operated domestic services only, and international services were added in 1950. The name was changed to Burma Airways in December 1972, and to Myanma Airways on 1 April 1989 following the renaming of the country from Burma to Myanmar. International services of Myanma Airways have been made as joint venture airline, Myanmar Airways International (MAI). Myanma Airways is the majority shareholder of Joint Venture Company MAI, set up in 1993.[3] In 2003, it was proposed to set up a Myanmar-based airline for chartered international passenger and cargo flights, which was planned to be called Air Myanmar. What would have been a joint-venture between Myanma Airways and private investor was abandoned in 2005.[4]

In mid-2012, Myanma Airways ordered to lease two new Embraer 190AR from GE Civil Aviation Services Co.Ltd, that replaced its Fokker F-28 from November 2012.[5] On February 11, 2014, at the Singapore Airshow, Myanma Airways signed a $960 million deal with GECAS for 6 Boeing 737-800s and 4 Boeing 737 MAX planes. The deal is the largest commercial sale by a US company to Myanmar in decades and is the largest single aircraft order in the history of Myanmar's aviation industry.[6] In December 2014, Myanma Airways re-branded itself to Myanmar National Airways.

Current fleet[edit]

The Myanmar National Airways fleet includes the following aircraft (as of June 2013):[7][8]

Myanmar National Airways fleet
Aircraft In fleet Orders Passengers Notes
ATR 42-320 1 - 52 To be sold
ATR 72-212 2 - 74 XY-AIA to be sold
ATR 72-500 3 2 74
ATR 72-600 - 6 TBA MOU signed May 6, 2014[9]
Beechcraft 1900 2 - - For medical emergency flights only [10]
Boeing 737-800 - 6 TBA To be leased from GECAS, delivery from June 2015[11]
Boeing 737 MAX 8 - 4 TBA To be leased from GECAS, delivery from 2017[12]
Cessna 208 Caravan 2 - 9
COMAC ARJ21-700 - 2 TBA
Embraer E-190 2 - 106
Total 12 20

Fleet in 1970[edit]

Union of Burma Airways fleet in 1970 [13]
Aircraft Total Orders Notes
Boeing 727 1 0
Douglas DC-3 7 0
Fokker F27 5 0
Vickers Viscount 700 3 0
Total 16 0

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Union of Burma Airways[edit]

  • On 26 June 1954, Douglas DC-3 was hijacked by members of the Karen National Defense Organization (KNDO, later the Karen National Liberation Army). After the killing of Saw Ba U Gyi in 1950, the first president of the Karen National Union (KNU), the group sought to regain both a political initiative and financial leverage. Three KNDO members - Major Saw Kyaw Aye, Captain Thein Kyaw and Captain A Nyein - planned to hijack a plane, and use it to smuggle illegal weapons. They successfully hijacked the plane, and forced its British pilot Captain A.E. Hare to land on a deserted beach, after other group members had failed to build a suitable temporary runway in Karen. Finding 700,000 Burmese kyat in metal chests in the cargo, cash being transported between bank branches, they confiscated this and then let the plane take off. Censorship banned reporting of the story for over 50 years, but in April 2014 it was the subject of the book The World's First Hijacking, and is being developed into a Hollywood-produced film under the same title.[14][15]

Burma Airways[edit]

The former Burma Airways had a poor safety record but now, as Myanma Airways is strongly maintaining its safety under ICAO and Myanmar DCA regulations and requirements:[16][17]

  • On 23 May 1969, Douglas DC-3 XY-ACR crashed on approach to Lashio Airport killing all six people on board. The aircraft was operating a domestic non-scheduled passenger flight.[18]
  • On 16 August 1972, a Douglas C-47B, registration XY-ACM, crashed shortly after take-off from Thandwe Airport on a scheduled passenger flight. Twenty-eight people on board were killed and only 3 survived.[19]
  • On 24 August 1972, Vickers Viscount XY-ADF of Union of Burma Airways was damaged beyond economic repair at Sittwe Airport when it departed the runway on landing and the undercarriage collapsed.[20]

Myanma Airways[edit]

See also[edit]

List of airlines of Burma


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ "Contact." Myanma Airways. Retrieved on 30 December 2012. "Myanma Airways Head Office 104, Kanna Road, Yangon, Myanmar."
  3. ^ a b "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 10 April 2007. p. 53. 
  4. ^ "Report: Myanmar state airline in joint venture for chartered cargo, passenger flights". AP Worldstream. Associated Press. 29 September 2003. Retrieved 18 November 2010. 
    Michael Edward Brown (2004). New global dangers: changing dimensions of international security. MIT Press. p. 65. ISBN 0-262-52430-9. 
    Myo Theingi Cho (29 September – 5 October 2003). "New airline ready to fly". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
    Myo Theingi Cho (9–15 August 2004). "Air Myanmar set for take-off". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
    "New Air Line to be launched". The New Light of Myanmar. 29 July 2004. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
    "New Myanmar-foreign joint venture airline to launch int'l flight". Asian Tribune. 6 July 2004. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
    "Myanmar Domestic Airline to Stretch Wing to Regional Destinations". Xinhua. 7 October 2005. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
    "News from Yangon (Rangoon)". Yangonow. December 2003. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  5. ^ volaspheric: Myanma Airways orders two new Embraer 190
  6. ^
  7. ^ Myanma Airways Fleet
  8. ^ Our Fleet, Myanma Airways
  9. ^
  10. ^ Myanmar to launch medical emergency flight charters
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ Flight International 26 March 1970
  14. ^ KYAW HSU MON (September 13, 2013). "Burma’s First Hijacking—Soon on Film". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  15. ^ Jonah Fisher (27 June 2014). "The man who carried out one of the world's earliest hijackings". BBC News, Myanmar. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  16. ^ "JACDEC´s AIRLINER SAFETY STATISTICS: AIRLINES". JACDEC. Retrieved 11 November 2010. 
  17. ^ "TRAVEL REPORT: Burma (Myanmar)". Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. Retrieved 11 November 2010. 
  18. ^ "XY-ACR Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 14 February 2011. 
  19. ^ "XY-ACM Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  20. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  21. ^ "MYANMAR GOVERNMENT REPORTS CRASH OF PASSENGER PLANE IN LAOS". AFP. 27 August 1998. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  22. ^ "06. June 2009 Myanma Airways Fokker 28-4000 XY-ADW Sittwe Airport, Myanmar (Burma)". Jacdec. Retrieved 17 May 2013. 

External links[edit]