Myasishchev M-50

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Myasishchev M-50
M-50.jpg
Myasishchev M-50 on display at Monino Aviation Museum
Role Strategic bomber
Designer Myasishchev
First flight 27 October 1959
Status Retired
Primary user USSR
Number built 2

The Myasishchev M-50 (NATO reporting name Bounder) was a Soviet prototype four-engine supersonic bomber which never attained service. Only one prototype was built, which was believed to have first flown in 1957. The M-50 was constructed by the Myasishchev design bureau.

It was a fast jet bomber with four engines: two Dobrynin VD-7 and two VD-7F turbojets. Two engines were located under the wing and two on the tips of its shoulder-mounted, truncated delta wings.

The second M-50 was designated M-52 and carried Zubets 16-17 turbojets, around which the aircraft had been designed. The engine installation was modified, and a second tailplane added to the top of the fin. M-50 participated in a Soviet Aviation Day flyby in 1961. M-52 was completed but was not flight tested.

Like most of the early 1960s supersonic strategic bomber projects, the M-50/52 program was terminated due to the development of the ICBMs and the priority assigned to the Soviet space program.

Nuclear bomber hoax[edit]

The 1 December 1958 issue of Aviation Week included an article, Soviets Flight Testing Nuclear Bomber, that claimed that the Soviets had made great progress in their own nuclear aircraft program.[1] This was accompanied by an editorial on the topic as well. The magazine claimed that the aircraft was real beyond a doubt, stating that "A nuclear-powered bomber is being flight tested in the Soviet Union. ... It has been observed both in flight and on the ground by a wide variety of foreign observers from Communist and non-Communist countries." In reality, however, the article was a hoax. The aircraft in the photographs was later revealed to be an M-50 and not a nuclear-powered plane at all.

Specifications (M-50A)[edit]

Data from [2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 57.48 m (188 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 35.10 m (115 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 8.25 m (27 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 290.6 m2 (3,128 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 85,000 kg (187,393 lb)
  • Gross weight: 175,000 kg (385,809 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 200,000 kg (440,925 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Dobrynin VD-7F Afterburning turbojet, 137.29 kN (30,865 lbf) thrust each wet
  • Powerplant: 2 × Dobrynin VD-7 non-afterburning turbojet, 110 kN (24,000 lbf) thrust each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 1,950 km/h (1,212 mph; 1,053 kn)
  • Cruising speed: 1,500 km/h (932 mph; 810 kn)
  • Range: 7,400 km (4,598 mi; 3,996 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 16,500 m (54,134 ft)
  • Wing loading: 602 kg/m2 (123 lb/sq ft)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.29

Armament

  • 30,000 kg (66,000 lb) of bombs or missiles carried in internal bays

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ Soviets Flight Testing Nuclear Bomber, Aviation Week, 1 December 1958, p. 27.
  2. ^ Gunston, Bill (1995). The Osprey Encyclopaedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995. London: Osprey. ISBN 1-85532-405-9. 

External links[edit]