The bacteria M. synoviae is a member of the mycoplasma genus. It causes disease in the joints, bones and respiratory system of birds. It is found throughout the world and infection may be referred to as Infectious Synovitis, Avian Mycoplasmosis, Infectious Sinusitis and Mycoplasma Arthritis. It is of economic importance because infection can cause a drop in egg production. The disease is most commonly seen in chickens, and transmission occurs both vertically and horizontally.
Clinical Signs & Diagnosis
A preliminary diagnosis can be made based on history, clinical exam and postmortem signs. Bacterial culture, immunofluorescence, PCR, ELISA or slide agglutination tests (SAT) can be used to make a more definitive diagnosis.
Treatment & Control
The disease is controlled with vaccination.
- Mycoplasma synoviae, expert reviewed and published by Wikivet at http://en.wikivet.net/Mycoplasma_synoviae, accessed 13/09/2011.
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