Myeik dialect

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Myeik
Mergui, Merguese
Region Southeast
Native speakers
ca. 250,000  (1997)[citation needed]
Language codes
ISO 639-3

The Myeik dialect, also known as Beik in Burmese, Mergui and Merguese in English, and Marit (มะริด) in Thai, is a divergent dialect of Burmese, spoken in Myeik, the second largest town in Tanintharyi Region, the southernmost region of Burma.[1] Myeik shares many commonalities with the Tavoyan dialect, although there are substantial differences especially with regard to phonology.[1]

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Myeik possesses 27 consonant phonemes:[2]

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Postalveolar
and palatal
Velar and
labiovelar
Glottal Placeless
Plosive and affricate p b t d tɕʰ k ɡ ʔ  
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ   ɴ
Fricative   s z   h ɦ  
Approximant   j w  
Lateral   l  

Unlike Standard Burmese, the Myeik dialect does not have any preaspirated consonants.[3] Phonemes unique to the Myeik dialect include /ɦ/ and /t̪/.[3]

Vowels[edit]

The Myeik dialect has three types of vowels: plain, nasalized and glottalized, with each type having seven vowels.[4]

Monophthongs Diphthongs
Front Back Front offglide Back offglide
Close i u
Close-mid e o ei ou
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a ai au

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kato 2012, p. 118.
  2. ^ Kato 2012, p. 119.
  3. ^ a b Kato 2012, p. 120.
  4. ^ Kato 2012, p. 121.

References[edit]