Mykolaiv, Lviv Oblast

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This article is about a town in the Lviv Oblast of Ukraine. For the shipbuilding port and administrative center of the Mykolaiv Oblast in southern Ukraine, see Mykolaiv. For other uses, see Mykolaiv (disambiguation).

Mykolaiv (Ukrainian: Миколаїв, also referred to as Mykolayiv, Polish: Mikołajów) is a city in the Lviv Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Mykolaiv Raion (district). The current estimated population is 14,800 (as of 2001).

To distinct Mykolaiv from the much larger southern city, the former is sometimes called Mykolaiv on Dniester (Ukrainian: Миколаїв над Дністром, Mykolaiv nad Dnistrom)[1] after the major river it situated on (while the latter is located on the Southern Buh, another major river). The closest railway station is officially called Mykolayiv-Dnistrovsky for that matter.

For centuries Mykolaiv belonged to the Kingdom of Poland, and was part of the Ruthenian Voivodeship. In 1772, following the Partitions of Poland, the town was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, where it remained until late 1918. In the interwar period, it returned to Poland, and belonged to the Stanislawow Voivodeship. Mykolaiv, then called Mikołajów, received Magdeburg rights in 1570, when it was a private town, property of Polish nobleman Mikolaj Tarlo, the Chorazy of Przemysl. In 1837, Polish romantic writer Walery Lozinski was born here.

Coordinates: 49°31′N 23°59′E / 49.517°N 23.983°E / 49.517; 23.983