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Myoxocephalus scorpius PAQ.jpg
Myoxocephalus scorpius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scorpaeniformes
Family: Cottidae
Genus: Myoxocephalus
Tilesius, 1811
Type species
Myoxocephalus stelleri
Tilesius, 1811

Myoxocephalus is a genus of fish in the sculpin family Cottidae.[1] Most species live in marine waters, but there are also three freshwater species,[2] including two that occupy northern lakes (Myoxocephalus quadricornis and M. thompsonii). The name is derived from Greek myos (muscle) and kephale (head).[3]


There are currently 16 recognized species in this genus:[4][5]


  1. ^ J.-C. Hureau. "Genus Myoxocephalus". Marine Species Identification Portal. 
  2. ^ Hyndman, Kelly Anne; Evans, David H. (2008). "Why are there no freshwater, longhorn sculpin (Myoxocephalus octodecimspinosus)? Effects of low environmental salinity on gill ion transporter expression". The FASEB Journal (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology). Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Torres, Armi G. "Myoxocephalus stelleri, Steller's sculpin". FishBase. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  4. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Myoxocephalus in FishBase. December 2012 version.
  5. ^ van der Land, Jacob (December 21, 2004). "Myoxocephalus Tilesius (ex Steller), 1811". WoRMS. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Eschmeyer, W.N. (2015) matsubarai, Myoxocephalus Catalog of Fishes (March 2015)