Myrica esculenta

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Myrica esculenta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Myricaceae
Genus: Myrica
Species: M. esculenta
Binomial name
Myrica esculenta

Box myrtle
Myrica integrifolia
Myrica sapida
Myrica nagi [1][unreliable source?]

Myrica esculenta is a small tree or large shrub native to Hills of northern India and Nepal. Its common names include Box myrtle, Bayberry, Kafal (local name).[2] It is a well-known medicinal plant in Ayurveda.


It is found in hilly regions of northern India and Nepal especially in the regions of Garhwal, Kumaun, and western Nepal. especially at the height of 3,000-6,000 feet.[clarification needed].[3] It is also found in the altitude below 1500 msl in midhills of Nepal.


It has a tree of medium height i.e. 20 to 25 feet. Bark is soft and brittle. Leaves are conjoint, 1 to 2 feet long that has leaflets in pairs of 6 to 9 and has a width of ¼ inch. Flowers are of white color and are found in bunches. Fruits are 6 to 18 inch long and have 6 veins with having a brown color. Seeds are triangular in shape and are astringent in taste.

According to Ayurveda, it has two varieties based on the color of flower: Shwet (white) and Rakta (red).[3]

Chemical constituents[edit]

The bark is yellow colored and contains the chemical substances myricetin, myricitrin and glycosides. Besides this it contains 32%.[clarification needed][3]


It has no toxic effect when consumed in normal dosage.[3][unreliable medical source?]


  1. ^ "medicinal herbs". Retrieved 2011-01-26. 
  2. ^ "Kafal". Desigrub. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Myrica esculenta". Retrieved 2011-01-26.