Myrica esculenta

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Myrica esculenta
Kafal.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Myricaceae
Genus: Myrica
Species: M. esculenta
Binomial name
Myrica esculenta
Synonyms

Box myrtle
Myrica integrifolia
Myrica sapida
Myrica nagi [1][unreliable source?]

Myrica esculenta is a small tree or large shrub native to Hills of northern India and Nepal. Its common names include Box myrtle, Bayberry, Kafal (local name).[2] It is a well-known medicinal plant in Ayurveda.

Habitat[edit]

It is found in hilly regions of northern India and Nepal especially in the regions of Garhwal, Kumaun, and western Nepal. especially at the height of 3,000-6,000 feet.[clarification needed].[3] It is also found in the altitude below 1500 msl in midhills of Nepal.

Morphology[edit]

It has a tree of medium height i.e. 20 to 25 feet. Bark is soft and brittle. Leaves are conjoint, 1 to 2 feet long that has leaflets in pairs of 6 to 9 and has a width of ¼ inch. Flowers are of white color and are found in bunches. Fruits are 6 to 18 inch long and have 6 veins with having a brown color. Seeds are triangular in shape and are astringent in taste.

According to Ayurveda, it has two varieties based on the color of flower: Shwet (white) and Rakta (red).[3]

Chemical constituents[edit]

The bark is yellow colored and contains the chemical substances myricetin, myricitrin and glycosides. Besides this it contains 32%.[clarification needed][3]

Toxicology[edit]

It has no toxic effect when consumed in normal dosage.[3][unreliable medical source?]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "medicinal herbs". ayushveda.com. Retrieved 2011-01-26. 
  2. ^ "Kafal". Desigrub. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Myrica esculenta". ayushveda.com. Retrieved 2011-01-26.