Myristoleic acid

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Myristoleic acid
Myristoleic acid.png
CAS number 544-64-9 YesY
PubChem 5281119
ChemSpider 4444564 N
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C14H26O2
Molar mass 226.36 g mol−1
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Myristoleic acid, or 9-tetradecenoic acid, is an omega-5 fatty acid. It is biosynthesized from myristic acid by the enzyme delta-9 desaturase, but it is uncommon in nature.[1] One of the major sources of this fatty acid is the seed oil from plants of the genus Myristicaceae, comprising up to 30 per cent of the oil in some species.[2] It is a constituent of Serenoa or Saw palmetto, and appears to have activity against LNCaP prostate-cancer cells.[3] </gallery>

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Myristoleic acid at
  2. ^ Monoenoic acids at
  3. ^ Iguchi, K; Okumura, N; Usui, S; Sajiki, H; Hirota, K; Hirano, K (Apr 2001). "Myristoleic acid, a cytotoxic component in the extract from Serenoa repens, induces apoptosis and necrosis in human prostatic LNCaP cells.". The Prostate 47 (1): 59–65. PMID 11304730.