Myrmelachista

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Myrmelachista
Myrmelachista nodigera casent0173488 profile 1.jpg
Myrmelachista nodigera worker
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Plagiolepidini
Genus: Myrmelachista
Roger, 1863
Type species
Myrmelachista kraatzii
Roger, 1863
Diversity[1]
56 species
Synonyms

Decamera Roger, 1863
Hincksidris Donisthorpe, 1944
Neaphomus Menozzi, 1935

Myrmelachista is a Neotropical genus of ants in the subfamily Formicinae.[2] The genus is found exclusively in the Neotropical region. Little is known regarding their biology.

Habitat and distribution[edit]

The genus is restricted to the Neotropical region, and 41% of the species in this genus can be found in Brazil. The species in this genus are arboreal and engage in the specialized practice of nesting in trunk cavities and among twigs. These ant species may also form complex mutual associations with certain myrmecophytes or with Coccidae and Pseudococcidae species. Little information is available regarding the biology of Myrmelachista species; however, it is known that these species generally feed on extrafloral nectaries and on animal-derived proteins.[3]

Description[edit]

Myrmelachista species possess between nine and 10 antennal segments. Most nine-segmented Myrmelachista species are found in Central America and the Caribbean (with only two known nine-segmented Myrmelachista species in South America), whereas 10-segmented Myrmelachista species are mostly found in South America (with only three known 10-segmented Myrmelachista species found in Mexico and Central America).[3]

The circumscription of Myrmelachista species is a complex task because the morphological differences between individuals of a single species that originate from different colonies can be sufficient to cause these individuals to be erroneously regarded as members of different species.[3]

Species[edit]

As of 2014, 58 Myrmelachista species have been described, with a few recognized subspecies; the diversity of this genus has most likely been underestimated due to the limited taxonomic knowledge available regarding Myrmelachista. In the most recent molecular databased phylogenetic proposals for ants, Myrmelachista is a sister group of Brachymyrmex, and these groups constitute the most basal and closely related formicine groups.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bolton, B. (2014). "Myrmelachista". AntCat. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Genus: Myrmelachista". antweb.org. AntWeb. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d Nakano, Márcia Akemi; Miranda, Vitor Fernandes; Feistosa, Rodrigo Machado; Morini, Maria Santina (2014), "The genetic characterization of Myrmelachista spp. Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) specimens collected in the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil", Sociobiology 61 (1): 21–27, doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v61i1.21-27 
  • This article incorporates text from a scholarly publication published under a copyright license that allows anyone to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the materials in any form for any purpose: Nakano, Márcia Akemi; Miranda, Vitor Fernandes; Feistosa, Rodrigo Machado; Morini, Maria Santina (2014), "The genetic characterization of Myrmelachista spp. Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) specimens collected in the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil", Sociobiology 61 (1): 21–27, doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v61i1.21-27  Please check the source for the exact licensing terms.

External links[edit]