Myrmelachista

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Myrmelachista
Myrmelachista nodigera casent0173488 profile 1.jpg
Myrmelachista nodigera worker
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Plagiolepidini
Genus: Myrmelachista
Roger, 1863
Type species
Myrmelachista kraatzii
Roger, 1863
Diversity[1]
56 species

Myrmelachista is a Neotropical genus of ants in the subfamily Formicinae.[2]

Habitat and distribution[edit]

The genus is restricted to the Neotropical region, and 41% of the species in this genus can be found in Brazil. The species in this genus are arboreal and engage in the specialized practice of nesting in trunk cavities and among twigs. These ant species may also form complex mutual associations with certain myrmecophytes or with Coccidae and Pseudococcidae species. Little information is available regarding the biology of Myrmelachista species; however, it is known that these species generally feed on extrafloral nectaries and on animal-derived proteins.[3]

Species[edit]

As of 2014, 58 Myrmelachista species have been described, with a few recognized subspecies; the diversity of this genus has most likely been underestimated due to the limited taxonomic knowledge available regarding Myrmelachista. In the most recent molecular databased phylogenetic proposals for ants, Myrmelachista is a sister group of Brachymyrmex, and these groups constitute the most basal and closely related formicine groups.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bolton, B. (2014). "Myrmelachista". An online catalog of the ants of the world. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Genus: Myrmelachista". antweb.org. AntWeb. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Nakano, Márcia Akemi; Miranda, Vitor Fernandes; Feistosa, Rodrigo Machado; Morini, Maria Santina (2014), "The genetic characterization of Myrmelachista spp. Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) specimens collected in the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil", Sociobiology 61 (1): 21–27, doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v61i1.21-27 
  • This article incorporates text from a scholarly publication published under a copyright license that allows anyone to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the materials in any form for any purpose: Nakano, Márcia Akemi; Miranda, Vitor Fernandes; Feistosa, Rodrigo Machado; Morini, Maria Santina (2014), "The genetic characterization of Myrmelachista spp. Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) specimens collected in the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil", Sociobiology 61 (1): 21–27, doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v61i1.21-27  Please check the source for the exact licensing terms.

External links[edit]