Myrmica schencki

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Myrmica schencki
Myrmica schencki casent0172731 profile 1.jpg
Myrmica schencki worker
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. schencki
Binomial name
Myrmica schencki
Viereck, 1903

Myrmica schencki is an ant species distributed across Europe (from Great Britain, Sweden, Finland in the North to Spain, Italy and the Balkans in the South), the Caucasus, Turkey, also in West Siberia, Kazakhstan, the Tien-Shan and Altai Mountains. Also found near Krasnoyarsk in East Siberia. It inhabits dry habitats in open areas and forests. Nests are found in the ground, occasionally in tussocks of grass or moss. Colonies are polygynous with up to 1000 workers. Recent research has shown that this species may partially feed on pollen – a phenomenon rarely documented in ants.

The Myrmica schencki is parasitized by the Phengaris rebeli larvae, which release chemicals that trick the Myrmica schencki ants into believing that the butterfly larvae are ant larvae and should be brought back to the ant brood.[1] Once brought back to the ant brood, the Myrmica schencki ants preferentially feed the Phengaris rebeli larvae over their own larvae as the P. rebeli larvae and pupa are able to mimic the sound that the queen of the ant colony makes.[2] While the workers are unable to distinguish the queen from the P. rebeli larvae and pupa, the queen begins to treat the P. rebeli larvae and pupa as rivals.[3] While it is less common, M. schecncki are also parasitized by Phengaris arion.[4] Unlike P. rebeli, P. arion adopts more of a predatory relationship with the ants which is generally viewed as less successful.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Akino, T; JJ Knapp; JA Thomas; GW Elmes (1999). "Chemical mimicry and host specificity in the butterfly Maculinea rebeli, a social parasite of Myrmica ant colonies". Proceedings of the Royal Society B 266 (1427): 1419–1426. doi:10.1098/rspb.1999.0796. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Thomas, JA; Schonrogge K; Bonelli S; Barbero F; Balletto E (2010). "Corruption of ant acoustical signals by mimetic social parasites: Maculinea butterflies achieve elevated status in host societies by mimicking the acoustics of queen ants". Communicative & Integrative Biology 3 (2): 1–4. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 
  3. ^ Barbero, Francesca; Thomas JA; Bonelli S; Balletto E; Schonrogge K (2009). "Queen ants make distinctive sounds that are mimicked by a butterfly social parasite". Science 373: 782–785. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 
  4. ^ Thomas, J.A.; J.C. Wardlaw (1990). "The effect of queen ants on the survival of Maculinea arion larvae in Myrmica ant nests". Oecologia 85: 87–91. doi:10.1007/bf00317347. 
  5. ^ Thomas, Jeremy; Josef Settele (2004). "Evolutionary biology: Butterfly mimics of ants". Nature 432: 283–284. doi:10.1038/432283a. 

External links[edit]