Myrmicinae

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Myrmicinae
Temporal range: Turonian–Recent
Atta cephalotes worker
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835
Type genus
Myrmica
Diversity
c. 142 extant genera in 25 tribes

The Myrmicinae are a subfamily of ants,[1] with about 140 genera; their distribution is cosmopolitan. The pupae lack cocoons. Some species retain a functional sting. The petioles of Myrmicinae consist of two nodes. The nests are permanent and in soil, rotting wood, under stones, or in trees.[2]

Identification[edit]

Myrmicine worker ants have a distinct postpetiole, i.e., abdominal segment III is notably smaller than segment IV and set off from it by a well-developed constriction; the pronotum is inflexibly fused to the rest of the mesosoma, such that the promesonotal suture is weakly impressed or absent; and a functional sting is usually present. The clypeus is well-developed; as a result, the antennal sockets are well separated from the anterior margin of the head (cf. Ecitoninae). Most myrmicine genera possess well-developed eyes and frontal lobes that partly conceal the antennal insertions.[3]

Tribes[edit]

Genera[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bolton, B. (2013), "An online catalog of the ants of the world.", AntCat, retrieved 22 September 2013 
  2. ^ Goulet, H & Huber, JT (eds.) (1993) Hymenoptera of the world: an identification guide to families. Agriculture Canada. p. 224
  3. ^ "Subfamily: Myrmicinae". antweb.org. AntWeb. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 

External links[edit]