Myrmoteras

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Myrmoteras
M. iriodum worker from Malaysia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Myrmoteratini
Emery, 1895
Genus: Myrmoteras
Forel, 1893
Type species
Myrmoteras binghamii
Forel, 1893
Species

See text.

Diversity
c. 30 species

Myrmoteras is a genus of ants in the subfamily Formicinae and the sole member of the tribe Myrmoteratini. They have enormous eyes, a character found in other ancient genera, and extremely elongate mandibles with eight to sixteen teeth. These work as trap-jaws and can open up to 270°.[1]

Description[edit]

trap jawed ants: Strumigenys, Daceton, Odontomachus, Anochetus, Myrmoteras

While the elongate mandibles look superficially similar to those of the basal Myrmecia, the mechanism is as a whole totally dissimilar and is rather convergent to that of the ponerine genera Anochetus and Odontomachus, and the myrmicine Strumigenys. The trigger mechanism of the trap-jaw like mandibles of Myrmoteras consists of two hairs. Other trap-jawed genera are Daceton, Acanthognathus, Orectognathus, Microdaceton and Epitritus.

Distribution[edit]

Myrmoteras occurs in the Indo-Malayan region.[2]

Species[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Bolton 2003
  2. ^ Wheeler 1930

References[edit]

  • Creighton, William S. (1930): A Review of the Genus Myrmoteras (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 38: 177-193. PDF
  • Bolton, B. (2003): Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 71. 370 pp.
  • ITIS: Genus Myrmoteras

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Myrmoteras at Wikimedia Commons