|M. iriodum worker from Malaysia|
|c. 30 species|
Myrmoteras is a genus of ants in the subfamily Formicinae and the sole member of the tribe Myrmoteratini. They have enormous eyes, a character found in other ancient genera, and extremely elongate mandibles with eight to sixteen teeth. These work as trap-jaws and can open up to 270°.
While the elongate mandibles look superficially similar to those of the basal Myrmecia, the mechanism is as a whole totally dissimilar and is rather convergent to that of the ponerine genera Anochetus and Odontomachus, and the myrmicine Strumigenys. The trigger mechanism of the trap-jaw like mandibles of Myrmoteras consists of two hairs. Other trap-jawed genera are Daceton, Acanthognathus, Orectognathus, Microdaceton and Epitritus.
Myrmoteras occurs in the Indo-Malayan region.
- Bolton 2003
- Wheeler 1930
- Creighton, William S. (1930): A Review of the Genus Myrmoteras (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 38: 177-193. PDF
- Bolton, B. (2003): Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 71. 370 pp.
- ITIS: Genus Myrmoteras
- Media related to Myrmoteras at Wikimedia Commons
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