Mystique (comics)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mystique
Mystique11.png
Mystique, drawn by Mike Mayhew.
Publication information
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance actual: Ms. Marvel No.16 (May 1978)
full: Ms. Marvel No.17 (June 1978)
Created by Dave Cockrum
Chris Claremont
In-story information
Alter ego Raven Darkhölme
Species Human Mutant
Team affiliations

Brotherhood of Mutants

Chevaliers training squad
Daily Bugle
Dark X-Men
DARPA
Freedom Force
Marauders
Mossad
Xavier Institute
X-Corps
X-Factor
X-Men
Notable aliases Jean Grey, Professor Charles Xavier, Nick Fury, Storm, Raven Wagner, Leni Zauber, Valerie Cooper, Mallory Brickman, Ronnie Lake, Holt Adler, Surge, Foxx, Amichai Benvenisti[1]
Abilities

Shapeshifting
Superhuman agility
Ageless[2]
Healing factor
Skilled combatant

Master strategist

Mystique (real name Raven Darkhölme)[3] is a fictional character that appears in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. She was created by artist David Cockrum and writer Chris Claremont. The character first appeared in Ms. Marvel #16[4] and appears frequently in comic books, television shows, and movies related to the X-Men.

Mystique is a mutant, a shapeshifter able to mimic any person perfectly. She is typically a villain and foe to the X-Men.

Publication history[edit]

Mystique was created by artist David Cockrum. Chris Claremont saw Cockrum's design, dubbed the character "Mystique", and, with Cockrum's permission, set her in Ms. Marvel No.16 (May 1978).[5][6]

Claremont, a former X-Men writer, has said that he originally intended Mystique and Destiny to be Nightcrawler's biological parents (with Mystique having morphed into a male body for the act of conception),[7] but Marvel didn't agree, because at that time the Comics Code Authority prohibited the explicit portrayal of gay or bisexual characters.[8][9] Much later,[10] the two were confirmed to have been a couple.[7]

Fictional character biography[edit]

Destiny[edit]

Mystique's exact age remains unknown. Her earliest meeting with her lover Destiny (Irene Adler) occurred around "the dawn of the 20th century."[11]

Early espionage activities and contacts[edit]

The decades-long quest[clarification needed] of Mystique and Destiny apparently required them to travel constantly. They encountered Shadowcat and Rachel Summers, who had time traveled from the future to prevent a plot by Nazi agents Baron Wolfgang von Strucker and Geist, "Ghost", a member of Nazi intelligence, and their ally Amahl Farouk, Shadow King. The three conspired to question the rights of the British Monarch to the throne and then to replace him with Oswald Mosley of the British Fascist Party, a likely ally for Nazi Germany. Irene and Raven contacted an acquaintance of theirs, called Logan, to help the time travelers. Irene and Raven advised Shadowcat and Logan against proceeding in their contemplated assassination of Adolf Hitler and other prominent leaders and officials of the Nazi Party. Raven was laconic in only stating: "All of us have learned to kill, Logan. But more importantly, we have learned not to kill. And to know the difference."[volume & issue needed]

At some point, Raven reportedly lost contact with Irene. She managed to locate her working as an archivist in the Alamogordo nuclear research facilities in New Mexico. Raven was uncertain of Irene's motivation, but apparently trusted her enough not to press for answers.

Sabretooth[edit]

Raven meets Victor Creed, the man known as Sabretooth. At the time, she uses the identity of deceased German secret agent Leni Zauber. Both Leni and Victor had been assigned with the assassination of a scientist in East Berlin. Raven completes the mission in place of Leni, and then she and Victor have to hide in a safe location for a while. They became lovers, but she soon fakes her death in order to leave him.[12]

The result of this short-lived affair is reportedly the birth of Graydon Creed, her earliest known child. A number of stories report that soon after his birth, Raven gives him up for adoption. Others depict Mystique making arrangements for him from a distance. Graydon reportedly spends most of his childhood in a boarding school. Raven keeps track of his activities until he reaches adolescence. Being the child of two mutants, Graydon assumes he is a mutant himself, but he is not. Raven is disappointed and soon abandons him. Graydon grows to hate his parents, and eventually extends his hatred to all mutants. He later becomes leader of the mutant-hating organization Friends of Humanity, and then a politician. Graydon, at the height of his political ascension, was assassinated by an unknown shooter.[13] The shooter was later revealed to be a time traveling version of Mystique, as part of a convoluted time paradox involving Jean Grey, Iceman, Toad, and Juggernaut.[14]

Nightcrawler[edit]

For several years Mystique was also reported to be the mother of Nightcrawler, but the exact events were uncertain. Much later another writer, Chuck Austen, eventually revealed that the father was a demonic-looking mutant from biblical times called Azazel.[volume & issue needed]

At that time, Raven is married to Baron Christian Wagner; older sources give his name as Count Eric Wagner, an affluent member of the German nobility. He proves to be a loving husband, but rather disappointing as a lover. His infertility adds to their marital problems. Raven starts using her shapeshifting powers in order to secretly have sexual encounters with others. She is apparently both seeking sexual satisfaction and attempting to conceive another child. She is eventually seduced by fellow mutant Azazel.

Azazel states that he is ruler of "an island nation off the coast of Bermuda: La Isla des Demonas," The Island of Demons. He is apparently able to disguise his appearance (although is not a shapeshifter like Mystique), and also has the power of teleportation. He is later revealed to also have the power of immortality and to be the father of an ancient race of mutants known as the Neyaphem, active since at least 2000 BC. His natural form is that of a young man with black hair, yellow eyes, red skin, and a pointed tail. He later claimed to have been posing as a demon and to have used many aliases: "Because I am Semihazah, Duma, Keriel, Mastema, Beliar, Gadreel, and Beelzebub. And most commonly called Satan." Many of these aliases have also been claimed by several notable true demons of the Marvel Universe.

Raven soon becomes pregnant. Her husband becomes suspicious and his own father suggests a blood test to verify whether the child is his. Mystique uses a dagger to murder him and then buries him. She eventually gives birth to a young boy with black hair, yellow eyes, blue skin, and a pointed tail. The locals consider the mother and child to be demons, and attempt to kill them. Mystique manages to escape but abandons her second known son. He is found and raised by Gypsy sorceress Margali Szardos and named Kurt Wagner.

Rogue[edit]

Mystique later becomes the adoptive mother of the girl Rogue, when she was just four years old. Rogue had run away from her home in rural Caldecott County, Mississippi. The girl was living alone in a wooded area, brandishing a shotgun and trusting no one, when Mystique found her. Destiny foresees that Rogue will be important to them and Mystique seeks her out, gains her trust, and takes her in. She and Destiny raise the girl over approximately a decade, and Mystique grows to be very protective of her.

Mystique had concealed her superhuman powers and criminal intentions so well over the years that, as Raven Darkhölme, she is able to rise rapidly through the United States Civil Service to the trusted position of Deputy Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in the United States Department of Defense. This position gives her access to military secrets and to advanced weaponry, both of which she uses for her own criminal and subversive purposes.

In this position, she attempts the theft of the Centurion weaponry from S.H.I.E.L.D.[15] She also beat Ms. Marvel's lover Michael Barnett to death, and sought to kill Ms. Marvel.[16]

To help her in her criminal activities, Mystique organizes her own incarnation of the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants, which originally consisted of herself, Avalanche, the Blob, Destiny, and Pyro. This incarnation of the Brotherhood first gains notoriety when it attempts to assassinate Senator Robert Kelly, a notoriously anti-mutant politician. The X-Men battle the Brotherhood and thus thwart the assassination attempt, thereby averting a series of events which would have resulted in the death of most super-powered humans, and the subjugation of North America by the mutant-hunting robots, the Sentinels (as chronicled in the "Days of Future Past" storyline).[17] The Brotherhood later clashed with the X-Men on other occasions.

Rogue is trained by Mystique and eventually joins the Brotherhood. Her mutant power is the ability to absorb the psyche, memories, personality, strengths, and any skills or powers of whomever she touches. Rogue proves to be a powerful member of the team. She goes on many missions with the Brotherhood and, with her help, the team is almost able to defeat the Avengers.[18]

On a mission with the Avengers, Rogue fights Carol Danvers, Ms. Marvel. Rogue tries stealing Carol's powers, but Carol fights too hard and Rogue ends up absorbing Carol's memories and powers permanently, while Carol is left an empty shell. Professor Xavier later restores Carol's memories, but not the emotions that went with them. Rogue, meanwhile, feels like she is losing her mind, grappling with Danvers' psyche and at times not knowing which memories are really hers. Feeling like she is in danger of losing control of herself, Rogue runs away from home and seeks help from the X-Men, hoping that Professor X will be able to treat her. While the other X-Men are initially hesitant in accepting their former enemy, Xavier welcomes her and gives her a spot on the team.

Worried that Rogue has left because Xavier has brainwashed her, Mystique goes to rescue her, leading an attack on the X-Men. Rogue stops her, saying that she has left of her own free will. Mystique is doubtful and hurt, but Rogue ultimately convinces her by saying that Xavier was probably the only person who could help with her powers and give her a chance at a normal life, as she feared the absorbed personality of Carol Danvers would otherwise drive her insane. Mystique grudgingly agrees and lets Rogue stay with the X-Men. Though she remains close to Rogue, coming to help her at times, Mystique comes to resent Xavier.

Mystique is captured by Carol Danvers at the Pentagon at one point.[19] She leads the Brotherhood in clashes with Dazzler,[20] and leads the Brotherhood in battle with the X-Men as well.[21] Mystique later visits Forge, and protests Henry Peter Gyrich's use of Forge's neutralizer.[22]

Freedom Force[edit]

Later, anti-mutant sentiment among normal humans rises and the federal government launches its own covert anti-mutant program, Project Wideawake. Believing that the times have become too dangerous for the Brotherhood to continue its criminal activities, Mystique goes to Doctor Valerie Cooper, special assistant to the head of the National Security Council, and offers the Brotherhood's services to the government. Cooper agrees to convey the offer to the President on the condition that the Brotherhood passes a test she imposes: the capture of Magneto. The Brotherhood, now renamed Freedom Force, succeeds in bringing Magneto to the authorities, though only because he voluntarily surrenders to them so he can go on trial for his crimes and soon afterward officially enter the government's employ.[23]

In return for entering government service as Freedom Force's leader, Mystique and her team receive a presidential pardon for all criminal charges against them, but the pardon would be revoked if any member of Freedom Force were found committing a crime.

Mystique leads Freedom Force in capturing the Avengers on behalf of the federal government.[24] She clashes with X-Factor in seeking to arrest Rusty Collins.[25] With Freedom Force, she fights the X-Men in Dallas, and is present at the X-Men's apparent demise.[26] With Freedom Force, she battles Cyclops and Marvel Girl.[27] With Freedom Force she seeks to arrest Rusty Collins again, and battles the New Mutants.[28] She finally succeeds in capturing Collins as well as Skids.[29] She leads Freedom Force against the Reavers on Muir Island. On this particularly disastrous mission, Freedom Force loses two of its members, Stonewall and Mystique's lover Destiny.[30] The death of her lover leaves Mystique psychologically scarred, and she never truly recovers.

Mystique is later nearly killed by Dr. Valerie Cooper, who is under the Shadow King's mental control.[31] She then impersonates Dr. Valerie Cooper.[32] Mystique is eventually discovered impersonating Dr. Cooper, and saves Xavier's life by killing the Shadow King's human host, Jacob Reisz.[33] She finally reconciles with Rogue.[34] In time, she comes to terms with Destiny's death.[35] She teams with Spiral and Wolverine in thwarting Mojo's near-destruction of the universe.[36] Mystique later briefly stays as a guest at Xavier's mansion. She begins going insane, and leaves the mansion under the care of Forge.[37]

X-Factor[edit]

Mystique resurfaces several months later, in a failed attempt to kill Legion for his murdering of Destiny. Mystique has an implant put in her skull by Forge in order for the government to be able to keep track of her. She is then forced to become a member of the government-sponsored team X-Factor after being arrested for trying to blow up a dam. In truth, Mystique had been trying to save the dam, which the U.S. Government wanted to destroy it so that they could blame it on mutants. She joins coincidentally to the departure of X-Factor member Wolfsbane. Her membership leads to tension with her teammates when Sabretooth is added to the team months later as a sleeper agent, for the main purpose of killing Mystique before she could uncover the truth about the conspiracy she had discovered. She slowly develops a romantic relationship with team-leader Forge (though he later thought that she was just using him).[volume & issue needed]

Part of the conspiracy involves Mystique's son Graydon Creed running for President, under an anti-mutant platform.[volume & issue needed]

At the same time, both Graydon and Mystique learn that her lover Destiny had married and had children during one of the couple's separations. Irene's children are now adults with their own children, one of which is a mutant. Graydon has the mutant teen savagely beaten by members of the Friends of Humanity, as a warning towards his mother. Mystique is furious and wants to kill her son, but stops when she is given a message that Graydon's backers want her to kill him and turn her son into a martyr.[volume & issue needed]

Mystique then seeks to save her son from being betrayed by his backers, but fails miserably. Graydon dies and his death ushers in a new wave of anti-mutant violence. Ultimately, Sabretooth acts on his orders to kill the members of X-Factor as "Operation Zero Tolerance" is activated. Even though she could have left her teammates to die, Mystique attacks Sabretooth, an act of intervention that distracts Sabretooth long enough to keep him from finishing off the already injured team. Mystique then flees the scene after arranging for the members of X-Factor to receive emergency medical treatment for the wounds Sabretooth inflicted.[volume & issue needed]

Mystique goes into hiding, taking the identity of the senator's wife Mallory Brickman, using her husband's influence to set the FBI on Sabretooth. She prevents Rogue from giving up her mutant powers and she continues her investigation of the U.S. Government over her son's death, leading to her aiding Toad and his most recent incarnation of the Brotherhood of Mutants on a mission to raid a government base. The mission fails thanks to Machine Man, who fights the Brotherhood and forces the team to flee. Mystique flees to Europe, at which point her life changes dramatically. While taking the form of a blonde haired woman during a trip to the beach, Mystique is confronted by a famous photographer who tells the mutant that he wants to make her the next big fashion model.[volume & issue needed]

Amused, Mystique accepts and quickly becomes the fashion industry's newest top model. Using her money, Mystique moves back to New York and into an expensive penthouse apartment. At peace, Mystique buys a telescope and uses it to take in her penthouse's view of New York. This proves to be a huge mistake, as a nearby building is being used by Skrulls loyal to Apocalypse to build the machinery needed for an upcoming scheme of the villains. When one of the Skrulls catches Mystique by her window with her telescope, they assume the worst and frame Mystique for the murder of a Japanese diplomat. With help from Shadowcat and Rogue, Mystique is cleared and leaves town. Before she leaves, Shadowcat finds one of Destiny's diaries, left there by Destiny herself before she died.[volume & issue needed]

Breakdown[edit]

Mystique then reaches a breakthrough regarding her investigation of the U.S. conspiracy against mutant-kind, but fate causes Mystique to suffer a massive blow. While gaining the critical intelligence on the identity of those who were involved in her son's death and the attempt to kill her using Sabretooth, Mystique suddenly loses her powers while pretending to be a man in a busy office workplace.

Arrested, Mystique's life is torn apart as the U.S. Government acts on their intelligence regarding Mystique, and uses it to destroy all of the alternate identities that Mystique has established over the years and arrange for Mystique to be unable to access any of the money she and Destiny had hidden away over the years. This causes Mystique to lose any self-control she might once have had, as the loss of her powers and the loss of her freedom causes her to lash out at everyone around her. Most notably, Rogue feels the brunt of her mother's wrath as Rogue has no sympathy for Mystique's plight. The relationship sours most notably when Rogue refuses to tell Mystique that the X-Men are going to fight the High Evolutionary, who was responsible for depowering all mutants, in order to restore everyone's powers. The X-Men defeat Evolutionary and restore everyone's powers, allowing Mystique to escape jail.

Mystique is later sent back in time by the original X-Factor's sentient ship. Raven finds that she is destined to be part of a great time paradox, where she finds herself with a time delay weapon, which she is about to program to kill Graydon. Mystique is confused, because she remembers that she set up the weapon, but never got around to programming it. After some deliberation, she decides to activate the weapon to kill Graydon. Mystique's sanity is further damaged by the revelation that her lover and soulmate Destiny was one of the founding members of the anti-mutant conspiracy Mystique had dedicated countless years to fighting, and had willfully withheld medical treatment to mutant children that would have resulted in them not growing up deformed due to their mutations.

This led to Raven once again going mad, due to the futility of her mission to change the world for the better. Raven becomes nihilistically obsessed with death and genocide, as she reforms the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants for another assassination attempt on Senator Kelly, and kidnaps Moira MacTaggert and impersonates her in order to access her research on the Legacy Virus. While not the gifted scientist that Moira was, Mystique's insanity and experience with bio-terrorism allows her not only to use samples of Moira's Legacy Virus infected blood to create a biological weapon that would infect humans and not mutants, but most importantly, allows her to come up with a cure for the Legacy Virus after repeated readings of all of the doctor's research which, when filtered through Mystique's insane mind, results in her being able to pick up on insights that Moira had missed when researching.

The assassination attempt on Kelly ends in failure, when the mutant villain Pyro betrays his teammates to save Kelly's life. Mystique blows up MacTaggert's research facility, fatally injuring the doctor. Mystique then shoots Moira's foster daughter Wolfsbane with a prototype of Forge's neutralizer gun, depowering her.

Rogue arrives and confronts her mother. When Mystique reveals her plan to Rogue of using a modified form of the Legacy Virus on the humans, Rogue realizes that her mother is ill and tries to help her. Mystique pretends to accept Rogue's help before stabbing her in the gut.

As Mystique confronts the other X-Men, Rogue's healing factor revives her. Sneaking behind Mystique, Rogue uses the bone claws she had absorbed from Wolverine and stabs her in the back.

Mystique is hospitalized, where she tells the X-Men that Destiny had predicted a dark future for mutant-kind, and that the future Destiny foretold kept on unfolding despite all that Mystique had done to prevent it. She believes that the only way to save them is to get rid of the humans, for a planet of mutants might survive, while mutants divided against each other and with humanity shunning them as outcasts would be doomed.

Mystique is sent to prison, but quickly escapes. She then allies herself with Martinique Jason, the daughter of the original Mastermind, in an attempt to wrest control of the military organization known as the X-Corps from its founder, Banshee. Outfitted with a device that gives her the ability to generate an electrical charge, Mystique creates the identity of a supervillain named Surge and joins the X-Corps. While Mastermind's daughter mind-controls the other members of the organization, Mystique brings Banshee's organization down and slits his throat, leaving him in critical condition.

Double agent[edit]

Charles Xavier is later forced to make Mystique his secret agent, as his previous one, Prudence Leighton, has died and Mystique is the only one suitable enough to complete the missions. Xavier poses as Magneto to rescue Mystique from the Department of Homeland Security and from execution at the hands of Johny Kitano, Special Magistrate for Homo Superior crimes against humanity, and a mutant himself.[38]

At this time, Mystique claims that there is an imposter out to frame her, taking control over the Brotherhood and sending them on their recent missions (the assassination of Moira and the infiltration of X-Corps). Whether she is speaking the truth has not been revealed. The two never truly trust each other, but as long as Mystique completes the missions without killing anybody, Xavier keeps her safe from the authorities, who are out to execute her. Working with Xavier is Forge, with whom Mystique had a brief romance while she was in X-Factor.

One of Xavier's enemies, the Quiet Man, who is actually Prudence Leighton inhabiting the body of her assassin,[39] contacts Mystique and offers to give her an interference transmitter which would keep her safe from the authorities, the same type of device Xavier is using, if she killed Xavier. Creating a plan that would free her from both men, Mystique pretends to try killing Xavier while secretly working with the mutant thief Fantomex, after alerting Forge to stop her at the last moment. Her plan is to have the Quiet Man see this and believe that she really has attempted to kill Xavier and is still working for him. The other X-Men believe that Mystique has tried killing Xavier and seek her out.[40]

Rogue manages to track her down. She disowns her adoptive mother, saying she has tried to forgive Mystique for stabbing her, but that this is too much. She goes on to say that Mystique isn't her mother, that she is a monster. Mystique tries apologizing to Rogue for how she has hurt her, but Rogue is distraught with rage and attacks her foster mother. Mystique manages to escape by blowing up the house and going through the window, changing her form to shield her fall.[40]

Mystique goes to the Quiet Man, who is planning on having her killed due to outliving her usefulness. After a battle, Mystique kills the Quiet Man, saves her former field-handler Shortpack, and discovers the Quiet Man's interference transmitter has been a fake all along. Later, Forge catches Mystique trying to steal his interference transmitter. After some angry words, he smashes it and tells her he never wants to see her again. The two share a sad goodbye kiss and Mystique leaves. After Mystique is gone, Forge realizes that she had already switched his transmitter for the fake one.[39]

Joining the X-Men[edit]

Mystique later infiltrates the X-Men, posing as a young girl named Foxx and joining Gambit's training squad, the Chevaliers.[41] She attempts to seduce Rogue's boyfriend Gambit to break them up so she can set her daughter up with a young mutant named Augustus, a man with whom she believes Rogue could be the happiest.[42]

Though severely tempted by "Foxx's" advances, Gambit resists. Mystique ultimately reveals herself to him, telling him that she is trying to relieve the tension between him and Rogue (because of the two being unable to touch due to her ability to absorb someone's essence upon skin-to-skin contact). Mystique then metamorphoses into Rogue and tells Gambit that he would not be cheating on Rogue if he had sex with her in Rogue's form.[43]

When the telepath Emma Frost discovers who Foxx really is, the X-Men confront Mystique. Mystique tells them that she had been lonely and wants to join the X-Men. Emma also discovers that Gambit had known who Foxx really was all along, and a furious Rogue believes the two have been having an affair. Mystique would not reveal if she and Gambit did anything, but tells Rogue that if he truly loves her he would not have been tempted, and that she deserves better than him. Gambit denies anything had happened.[44]

The X-Men vote and decide to have Mystique join them on a probationary status (though Rogue is one of the ones who vote against her joining). Meanwhile, Nightcrawler asks her to leave for a while regardless of the vote, saying that he needs more time adjusting to the idea of her being a member first. Mystique ultimately agrees and leaves.[45] After M-Day, she joins the X-Men and brings Augustus (Pulse) along with her. Both have been crucial in the latest downfall of Apocalypse. Rogue believes that Mystique's transformation is yet another act.[volume & issue needed]

Marauders[edit]

Mystique is a great assistance in the battle against the Children of the Vault, killing Sangre by pumping thermite bullets into his aquatic body. After the Hecatomb battle on Providence, Rogue's team (sans Cable) return to Rogue's former childhood home in Caldecott County, Mississippi, which Mystique owns for some downtime. Mystique consummates her flirtation with Iceman, and even alerts the X-Men, who come to treat Rogue's illness, that there are intruders in the area. Only after Lady Mastermind drops her illusions do the X-Men realize that it is an all-out attack, and that both Lady Mastermind and Omega Sentinel (the latter being possessed by Malice) have defected sides. During the Marauders' initial ambush, Mystique prevents Scalphunter from shooting Rogue. She then reveals herself as a traitor as well when she shoots her adopted daughter and, standing over her body, orders the remaining Marauders to kill the X-Men.

Messiah Complex[edit]

Mystique remains with the Marauders during the hunt for the first new mutant baby, but is revealed to have murdered Sinister in a plot involving the baby and Rogue's killing touch. She also appears to be working with Gambit, who, like her, has plenty of ulterior motives to want to betray Mister Sinister. When Sinister approaches Mystique as she is with the comatose Rogue, Mystique shoves Sinister onto Rogue, killing him through fatal skin-to-skin contact. Then, in keeping with the words of the Destiny Diaries, she touches the baby's face to Rogue's, believing that this will heal her foster daughter. While the baby is not affected by Rogue's power, to Mystique's surprise, Rogue does not awaken as the Destiny Diaries predicted. Believing their plan to have failed, Mystique and Gambit cry at Rogue's bedside.

As they grieve, Rogue finally awakens. After hearing all that Mystique has done, and sick of her manipulations, Rogue says she's tired of people getting hurt whenever Mystique is around, and tries to kill her with her touch. When Mystique is merely rendered unconscious, Rogue discovers that the baby's powers have restored her own to normal. The baby's touch has purged her of the Strain 88 virus and all the residual psyches she had absorbed over her life, including Hecatomb. She now has the consciousness and the memories of the one person she wants nothing more to do with: Mystique. Sickened by what she has absorbed, Rogue tells Gambit that she needs to be alone, and leaves.

Get Mystique[edit]

Mystique is the focus of the next Wolverine story arc, appropriately titled "Get Mystique."[46] The story begins with a brief flashback revealing that Logan and Mystique first met in Mexico in 1921. Back in the present day, Wolverine is in the Middle East tracking Mystique, presumably to kill her for betraying the X-Men in Messiah Complex. Mystique evades Logan by blowing up a Mosque in Tehran, then travels over the border to Afghanistan. There she impersonates Wolverine and kills a local village girl, tricking the villagers into going after Wolverine.[47] Mystique does not appear to be suffering from any lasting effects from being touched by Rogue. It is hinted at that Mystique's recent betrayal is not the only reason Logan is out to kill her, as they apparently have a common history of friendship, love, and ultimately, betrayal.[48] After a heated fight, Wolverine manages to wound Mystique, but he chooses to deny her the mercy blow. Instead, he drops a gun and leaves in the sunset, leaving Mystique to scream and curse behind him.[49]

Manifest Destiny[edit]

Mystique shows up again, posing as Bobby Drake's ex-girlfriend Opal Tanaka. It is not explained how she survived her battle with Wolverine. She sets off a bomb inside of Bobby's Blackbird before shooting him and kicking him out of the plane.[50] Later, she follows Iceman to the hospital and injects him with a fatal dose of a toxin created by Mister Sinister. Hospital staff try to get to Iceman, but they are held back by Mystique while Iceman expels the toxin from his system. Afterward, Mystique attacks Iceman in a truck and sets the truck ablaze with Iceman in it. Iceman steps out of the fire unharmed and disarms and immobilizes Mystique, but she escapes moments later after turning her body into her child form. In the final issue of Manifest Destiny, Mystique impersonates Iceman and stands on top of the Golden Gate bridge threatening to blow it up. Iceman arrives and discovers the reason for Mystique doing this is Wolverine telling her that she will die alone. After a heated conversation, Iceman freezes the bomb, Mystique punches him and jumps off the bridge into the water. Her body is not found, but Iceman tells Cyclops and Hank McCoy that he knows that she is not dead and thanks her for what she did for him.[51]

Utopia and Dark X-Men[edit]

Mystique is later revealed to be a part of Norman Osborn's Dark X-Men, posing as Professor Charles Xavier for P.R. purposes. Osborn has her injected with nanites and kept on a short leash; should she try anything, Osborn would turn her into a human bomb.[52] After the defection of Emma Frost, Namor, and Cloak and Dagger, Mystique begins leading the remaining members of the team (Mimic, Dark Beast, and Omega) under the public guise of Jean Grey, as no one could prove Jean had actually died, but mainly to hurt those who had caused her great harm.[53] A mission arranged by Osborn has Mystique (in her Jean Grey guise) facing a resurrected Nate Grey.[54]

Get Mystique: Final Repose[edit]

Wolverine, having returned from hell and retrieved his possessed body from a demonic force, targets Mystique after finding out she was responsible for sending his soul there at the behest of The Red Right Hand. Having tracked down Mystique's black market surgeon in San Francisco, Wolverine interrogates him about Mystique's whereabouts, to which he replies that Mystique was expecting him to show up and didn't think Wolverine would be inclined to listen. The surgeon states that he doesn't know where Mystique is, but that she claimed she was going to call him. On cue, the phone beside Wolverine begins to ring. When he picks up the phone, Mystique orders him to not go after The Red Right Hand, warning that he is being set up. Wolverine cuts the conversation short and says that Mystique has set him up for the last time before briskly hanging up.[volume & issue needed]

Mystique is then shot by a hit-man named Lord Deathstrike. Despite being shot, and badly wounded, Mystique manages to patch herself and escape on a motorcycle before Lord Deathstrike can finish the task. Wolverine & Lord Deathstrike are in hot pursuit of Mystique throughout the San Francisco streets simultaneously. As she is involved in a shootout with Lord Deathstrike, Mystique is impaled from behind by Wolverine who demands she tell him where he can find The Red Right Hand. Mystique pulls the pin out of a grenade, places it on Wolverine and moves out of the way just before it explodes then further warns him of the Red Right Hand's setup in Mexico as he heals from the blast.[volume & issue needed]

Lord Deathstrike shoots Mystique in her right shoulder as they continue to face off while Wolverine heals. Yet, before Deathstrike can finish her off, Wolverine cuts the telephone pole that Lord Deathstrike was standing on which sends him crashing into a windshield of an automobile. Wolverine then gets a call from his ally Maverick stating The Red Right Hand can be found in Mexico. Mystique, riddled with bullets, shoots Lord Deathstrike in the head but it doesn't affect him as he is in a ghost-like, non-corporeal state and phases into the solid ground beneath them.[volume & issue needed]

Mystique then confronts Wolverine and claims that her role in his recent exile to hell was something she doesn't regret. She then continues to disparage him, stating that his own pursuit of her for her crimes is hypocritical seeing as how he's killed and betrayed many in his years. She claims the only reason she is helping him is in honor of her deceased son Nightcrawler and his devotion to Wolverine, nothing else. Mystique insists that he for once listen to what she has to say but he states that he's heard enough and walks toward her with his claws popped. Perturbed, Mystique draws a pistol and curses him out then is quickly gutted by Wolverine and finally killed, her body lying in a pool of blood.[volume & issue needed]

Lord Deathstrike collects Mystique's body and auctions it off to the highest bidder. Her corpse is sold for 5 million to group of ninjas. It is implied these are possibly agents of league of assassins known as "The Hand" given their reputation for restoring fallen warriors. They are not in the traditional red garb but "The Hand" has on occasion been shown to wear black or white uniforms.[55]

Back In Japan[edit]

Mystique is seen alive again posing as Sabretooth at Los Angeles International Airport.[56] In the form of Sabretooth she has agreed to assist the Hellfire Club in their destruction of the Jean Grey School, presumably as a way of getting revenge on Wolverine as he is the schools headmaster.[volume & issue needed] It is revealed that when the Hand revived Mystique, her powers were enhanced and she is now capable of changing her scent to match the forms she takes.[57]

All New X-Men[edit]

Mystique receives word, as well as footage that the original X-Men are in the present day. Knowing this information, she seeks out young Scott Summers to manipulate him into thinking she has his and mutant kind's best interests at heart.[volume & issue needed] She uses this opportunity to use Lady Mastermind and Sabertooth to commit professional robberies and frame the X-Men in the process.[volume & issue needed] Lady Mastermind believes there is more to this plan than splitting the money. She confronts Mystique about this.[volume & issue needed] Turns out that seeing the original X-Men opened her eyes and that after everything Mystique and her cohorts have been through, they should have more to show for it.[volume & issue needed] At this time, the new Silver Samurai, and Viper show up. Mystique explains to her that she wants to buy Mardripoor from HYDRA and control the crime in the area. Before this transaction is completed, the X-Men raid the place.[volume & issue needed] After the battle. Lady Mastermind and Mystique are captured.[volume & issue needed] Later on Maria Hill visits the raft to read Mystique's rights, but Mystique manages to escape in a S.H.I.E.L.D. helicopter.[volume & issue needed]

Astonishing X-Men[edit]

Mystique is attacked by Iceman while sitting in a tub. She then goes to New York City to warn Gambit that something is not right with him.[volume & issue needed] She later gets caught spying on Iceman and Opal by Iceman himself, and kidnaps her.[volume & issue needed] It is revealed that Bobby is possessed by the Apocalypse fragment.[volume & issue needed] Mystique manages to manipulate Iceman into joining his cause.[volume & issue needed] They then attack the X-Men.[volume & issue needed] After Iceman is shattered into pieces by Thor, Mystique then takes the Apocalypse fragment and swallows it to inherit its powers.[volume & issue needed]

Uncanny X-Men[edit]

In order to help move her plans along, Mystique drugs and replaces Dazzler, who's now became SHIELD's mutant liaison, allowing her to set up her New Brotherhood under Maria Hill's nose.[volume & issue needed] With this, she sets up operations in Madripoor, allowing her to regularly visit to 'investigate' the mutant uprising there, while secretly being the one in charge of it.[volume & issue needed] She offers Magneto a place in her New Brotherhood after he leaves the Uncanny X-Men team, but he rejects it on the grounds of her financing her operation via drug money from Mutant Growth Hormone sales, attacking and defeating her Brotherhood and stealing her chopper in order to find his own place in the new world.[volume & issue needed]

Wolverine and the X-Men[edit]

Mystique is a faculty member of The Hellfire Academy.[volume & issue needed] Professor Raven Darkholme teaches "Introduction To Evil". As she is explaining to her students what it takes to be a villain, Quentin Quire berates her in front of the class and asks why any of the students should listen to what she has to say. She responds by stating to the students that they can be awarded one hundred bonus points for each of his teeth left on her desk, and they can take the rest of the semester off if his head is still attached.[volume & issue needed]

Powers and abilities[edit]

Mystique is a mutant shapeshifter with the ability to psionically shift the formation of her biological cells at will to change her appearance and thereby assume the form of other humans and animals.[58][59] She can also alter her voice to duplicate exactly that of another person. Originally, it was clearly stated that Mystique's powers were limited to appearances only; she could not assume the powers of the people she morphed into or alter her body to adapt to different situations. Additionally she could not change her overall body mass when taking on the appearance of a person larger or smaller, but thanks to subsequent enhancements she has stated that her body mass is not fixed and can change when she does.[60]

Her body is not limited to purely organic appearances: She has the ability to create the appearance of clothes and other materials out of her own body, including items such as glasses, zippers, identity cards, handbags and even test tubes. Mystique is shown in at least one instance transforming a metallic part of her costume into a functioning blaster pistol.[volume & issue needed] Whether this is a function of her powers or of the costume piece itself is unclear.

As a shape-shifter, Mystique is able to constantly alter and rejuvenate her body's cells and thereby retain her youthful appearance despite being alive for over one hundred years.

This changes in 2001's X-Men Forever miniseries, in which Mystique is exposed to dangerous levels of radiation in order to save the life of Toad. The process morphs Mystique's appearance to match her more reptilian physique from the 2000s film trilogy, and boosts her powers so that she can now morph her body into taking certain desired physical traits depending on her situation at the time. Examples of these new abilities include night vision, wings on her back,[61] talons in her fingers, and natural body armor.[58] She can compress into nearly two-dimensional like a sheet of paper to glide on air currents, similar to Mister Fantastic, which she uses to survive an explosion.[40] She has moved her vital organs out of place in order to survive gunshots to her torso and head,[62] and can make herself virtually invisible via camouflage. She has even, with strain, given herself two heads and four arms to facilitate a gun fight on two fronts,[63] as well as shapeshifted into herself as a small child.[38] She is also now able to hold a shape when knocked unconscious[64] and can conceal items in shapeshifted pouches under her skin.[65]

Following her death and revival by the Hand, her powers have been further enhanced.[66] She can now alter and conceal her scent from those with enhanced senses, and is capable of changing her shape to a greater degree, including altering her limbs to form tentacles and bladed weapons,[67] and compressing herself into a dog.[59]

Damage to her biological tissue is known to heal at a relatively fast rate and she can form a resistance to poisons upon contracting them. Her enhancements have allowed her to rapidly regrow severed limbs.[68] While she retains her advanced powers, she now appears in her old form without scales. Her powers grant her immunity to diseases, enhanced agility, and agelessness.[2]

Mystique is a cunning strategist in terrorist and commando operations, and adept at martial arts and information technology. She has a talent for finding, stealing, and understanding cutting edge weaponry. She is a talented actress and a polyglot, being fluent in over fourteen languages. Her mind is naturally unreadable owing to changing grey matter and she wears devices to prevent telepathic intrusion. Furthermore, with over a century's experience in posing as other people she has picked up the uncanny skill of being able to identify people posing as others based on body language and changes in behavioral cues.

Other versions[edit]

Absorbed by Rogue[edit]

A copy of Mystique's mind, including her memories and personality, exists within the mind of Rogue ever since the events of "X-Men: Messiah Complex". She converses with Rogue. She also requests that Rogue turn over control of their body. Eventually she is erased by Professor Xavier.[69]

Age of Apocalypse[edit]

In the Age of Apocalypse timeline, she gave up her adopted daughter Rogue to Magneto and his X-Men.[70] Years later, Mystique is the ferrywoman to Avalon. It is her task to meet the refugees and make sure they meet the guide to Avalon, Cain. Though she works against Apocalypse, she is not much of a hero. She charges a heavy tariff to ferry the refugees to Avalon, taking all of their valuables. This plagues her conscience and she is reluctant to go to Avalon, as she feels that she is not fit to enter. Ultimately, she gets past her guilt to guide her son, Nightcrawler, to Avalon and find Destiny. She and her son form X-Calibre to defeat Apocalypse's agents, the Pale Riders and the Shadow King.[71]

Battle of the Atom[edit]

Mystique's future is shown, where she is revealed to be the mother of Charlie Xavier II, the son of Charles Xavier. While disguised as Moira MacTaggert she gives birth to Charlie, but upon birth she tearfully abandons her child. Later she raised her son Raze (conceived by Wolverine), who eventually killed her and took her appearance to rule Madripoor.[72]

Cable's Future[edit]

Mystique inquires of Cable "How does [history] judge the part we play here and now in protecting the remnants of mutant-kind?" He says "History is short on specifics" and that it only remembers broad movements, not individuals. She hints at wanting to know how she is remembered, and he comments that her name did survive in a database of his time. Her name is synonymous with traitor, comparing her name to Judas Iscariot. He adds that the information from his time is part of his history, as it was 2,000 years old.[73]

Exiles[edit]

Mystiq (Raphael-Raven Darkholme). Art by Tom Grummett.

In the Earth-797 reality, Mystique is apparently a man and goes by the name of Raphael-Raven Darkholme (and his alias is Mystiq). Much like the main Mystique, he has a relationship with Destiny but due to his gender has a child with her (Claremont's original plan for Nightcrawler's origin). They are both killed in unknown circumstances and Raphael often goes to their grave sites. On such an occasion, he is about to be attacked by soldiers when the Exiles' Sabretooth, who had been stranded on this Earth, saves his life. Saying he is in his debt, he joins the Exiles when they come to pick up their teammate.[volume & issue needed]

House of M[edit]

In the House of M, Mystique is an agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. and a member of its elite unit, the Red Guard, alongside Jessica Drew,[74] Toad, and her children Rogue and Nightcrawler. She's also involved in an affair with Wolverine, the Red Guard's leader. When this unit, in pursuit of their former leader, attacks the heroes 'awakened' by Layla Miller, the entire squad is restored. With all of reality against them, any personal history is set aside, and Mystique fights alongside the rest of the 'awakened' without incident.[volume & issue needed]

Marvel Mangaverse[edit]

In X-Men Mangaverse, Mystique teams up with Nightcrawler and other Brotherhood members. Storm later kills her with a lightning bolt.[volume & issue needed]

Marvel Zombies[edit]

Mystique appears as a zombie twice in the Marvel Zombies universe. She is first shown disguised as Scarlet Witch, in order to get close to and bite Quicksilver, thus becoming directly responsible for the fast spread of the zombie virus throughout the world. She is also shown fighting alongside zombie versions of Avalanche, Blob, and Pyro taking a direct blast from Cyclops right to the face.[volume & issue needed]

Ultimate Mystique[edit]

In the Ultimate Marvel Universe, Mystique is the former lover of Charles Xavier. During their stay in the Savage Land with Magneto, the young Emma Frost comes under the tutelage of Xavier, and shortly thereafter he dumps Mystique for Frost.[75] Ever since then, Mystique has held great resentment toward Xavier, which in turn makes her loyal to Magneto.[76] She teams up with Forge and helps Magneto escape the Triskelion by taking his place in the prison cell,[77] before she is replaced by Mastermind and Stacy X and given a new assignment. She is hinted to be one of the few who actually knows how Xavier's darker side operates, stating "We all bought into Xavier's dream until we got a look at the sick brain behind it."[78] It is later revealed that Emma Frost named Xavier's cat after Mystique, after the feline partially destroyed the decor of his office.[79] She briefly appears in Ultimates 3, impersonating the Black Widow to distract Tony Stark until knocked out by the Wasp.[80] She is later seen with the few surviving Brotherhood members still stationed in Wundagore.[81]

X-Men: The End[edit]

In the trilogy book series X-Men: The End Mystique is posing as Dark Beast and pretending to work with Mister Sinister. When Sinister murders Rogue she kills him. Gambit later asks her to look after his and Rogue's children when he goes off into space.[82]

X-Men Fairy Tales[edit]

Mystique appears briefly in the X-Men Fairy Tales limited series' first issue. She is leading a group of thieves who attack the old monk/Professor X. They are scared away by Hitome/Cyclops. The other thieves are Avalanche and Pyro. In the fourth issue, she appears as Anna/Rogue's mother, a voodoo priestess.[volume & issue needed]

In other media[edit]

Rebecca Romijn as Mystique in the X-Men films.
Jennifer Lawrence portraying Mystique in the 2014 film X-Men: Days of Future Past

Television[edit]

  • Mystique recurs in the 1992 X-Men animated series, voiced by Randall Carpenter in the first two seasons, and by Jennifer Dale for the rest of the show's run. She is the leader of the Brotherhood of Mutants and has been a close ally of Apocalypse, Mister Sinister, and even Magneto.
  • Mystique plays a prominent role in the 2000 animated series X-Men: Evolution, voiced by Colleen Wheeler. She appears as a follower of Magneto throughout the show's first season, and is featured sparingly in the second and third seasons before becoming a Horseman of Apocalypse in the series finale.
  • Mystique appears in the episodes "Greetings from Genosha" and "Battle Lines" of the 2009 animated series Wolverine and the X-Men, voiced by Tamara Bernier. She is an Acolyte of Magneto who has a romantic history with Wolverine.

Film[edit]

  • Mystique is played by Rebecca Romijn in the 2000 film X-Men. She is a member of Magneto's Brotherhood of Mutants. She reprises the role in the 2003 sequel, X2, where for most of the film she impersonates Sen. Robert Kelly, who Magneto killed in the previous film. She frees Magneto from the plastic cell he is being held in, and together they help the X-Men infiltrate William Stryker's base at Alkali Lake. Romijn reprises her role one more time in 2006's X-Men: The Last Stand. Magneto frees her, alongside Juggernaut, Pyro, and the Multiple Man, but when she dives in front of a series of shots meant for Magneto, the mutant cure within the ammunition turns her into a normal human, and Magneto abandons her as she is no longer one of them. Her scorn leads to her revealing the location of the Brotherhood to the U.S. government.
  • Jennifer Lawrence portrays a younger Mystique in the 2011 prequel X-Men: First Class. Morgan Lily briefly plays Mystique as a child while Rebecca Romijn makes a cameo as a transformation Mystique takes to seduce Magneto.[84][85] She is raised as Charles Xavier's foster sister, and helps found the X-Men. Lawrence reprises her role as Mystique in the 2014 film X-Men: Days of Future Past.[86] In the film, it was her assassination of Bolivar Trask that leads to his martyrdom, resulting in the fruition of his Sentinel program. Mystique was subsequently captured and experimented upon, leading to the Sentinels' unstoppable shapeshifting abilities and a dystopian future. The film revolves around Wolverine's attempts to stop her assassination of Trask and avert the dark future. The group stops Mystique's attempt to kill Trask, but the altercation exposes mutants to the world for the first time earlier than in the previous timeline. President Nixon approves the Sentinel program. While Trask Industries ships the Sentinels to Washington, D.C. for their national presentation, Magneto secretly surrounds the Sentinels in steel, allowing him to control them. After commandeering the Sentinels to attack the crowd and holding off Wolverine, Xavier, and McCoy, but before he can kill what he believes to be Nixon (really a disguised Mystique), McCoy suppresses his mutation with a serum causing a Sentinel to turn on Magneto. Magneto quickly disables it, but the distraction allows Mystique to shoot him with a plastic gun, wounding him and releasing his control of the Sentinels. After Xavier convinces Mystique to let Trask, Nixon, and his cabinet live, the world sees that a mutant saved the President and the Sentinel program is shut down. Trask is arrested for selling military secrets to foreign powers, erasing the dystopian future seen earlier in the film. Mystique remains a rogue agent, disguising herself as William Stryker to retrieve Wolverine from the Potomac River. Lawrence will be reprising her role as Mystique in X-Men: Apocalypse.[87]

Video games[edit]

  • In the X-Men arcade game, she appears, first disguised as Professor X between stages 5 and 6. She is the boss of stage 7, Asteroid M, where she takes the form of Magneto; she attacks players with punches and kicks curiously more quickly than the real Magneto.
  • Mystique is a playable character in X-Men: Next Dimension. In the game she does not utilize her shapeshifting abilities, relying instead on her martial arts skills and weaponry.
  • Mystique appears as an NPC X-Men Legends II: Rise of Apocalypse. In a mission that takes place in the Savage Land where the players look for Destiny, Mystique helps the players fight Garokk. She has special dialogue with Rogue.
  • Mystique is available as downloadable content for the game LittleBigPlanet, as part of "Marvel Costume Kit 1".[88]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sabretooth and Mystique #1
  2. ^ a b Sabretooth #3: “My morphing powers continually revitalize my body cells and DNA memory. That’s why I can look just like I did all those years ago.”
  3. ^ Mystique Marvel Directory. Retrieved October 23, 2008.
  4. ^ Ms. Marvel, No.16 (April 1978)
  5. ^ CHRIS CLAREMONT, UNTIL THE BITTER END Protein Wisdom. Retrieved October 23, 2008.
  6. ^ UNCANNY DAVE COCKRUM TRIBUTE #1 Retrieved October 23, 2008.
  7. ^ a b Ingro, Cheryl. "The Bisexual Mystique," After Ellen: News, Reviews & Commentary on Lesbian and Bisexual women in Entertainment and the Media (July 12, 2006). Accessed Apr. 11, 2009.
  8. ^ Nyberg, Amy Kiste. Seal of Approval: The History of the Comics Code (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1998), pp. 143, 175–176, ISBN 0-87805-975-X.
  9. ^ Bartilucci, Vinnie. "One Thin Dime an' Two Thick Pennies" (Jim Shooter interview), Thwack!.
  10. ^ Uncanny X-Men No.265 (early August, 1990).
  11. ^ Mystique comics – Destiny Retrieved October 23, 2008.
  12. ^ Sabretooth #3
  13. ^ X-Factor #130
  14. ^ X-Men Forever (2001 series) #2
  15. ^ Ms. Marvel #17
  16. ^ Marvel Super Heroes Vol. 2 #11
  17. ^ Uncanny X-Men #141–142
  18. ^ Avengers Annual #10
  19. ^ Uncanny X-Men #158
  20. ^ Dazzler #22–23
  21. ^ Uncanny X-Men #177–178
  22. ^ Uncanny X-Men #184–185
  23. ^ Uncanny X-Men #199
  24. ^ Avengers Annual #15; West Coast Avengers Annual #1
  25. ^ X-Factor #8–10
  26. ^ Uncanny X-Men #223–227
  27. ^ X-Factor #40
  28. ^ New Mutants #78
  29. ^ New Mutants #80, 82
  30. ^ Uncanny X-Men #254–255
  31. ^ Uncanny X-Men #266
  32. ^ X-Factor #60
  33. ^ X-Factor #69
  34. ^ X-Factor #70
  35. ^ X-Factor Annual #6
  36. ^ Wolverine #51–53
  37. ^ Uncanny X-Men #289–290
  38. ^ a b Mystique #2
  39. ^ a b Mystique #24
  40. ^ a b c Mystique #23
  41. ^ Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z, vol. 13 (2010)
  42. ^ X-Men #171–174
  43. ^ X-Men #172
  44. ^ X-Men #173–174
  45. ^ X-Men #174
  46. ^ Wolverine #62–65
  47. ^ Wolverine #62
  48. ^ Wolverine #63–65
  49. ^ Wolverine #65
  50. ^ X-Men: Manifest Destiny #1
  51. ^ X-Men: Manifest Destiny #5
  52. ^ Uncanny X-Men #513
  53. ^ Dark X-Men #1
  54. ^ Dark X-Men #2
  55. ^ Wolverine #9
  56. ^ Wolverine #300
  57. ^ Wolverine #302
  58. ^ a b Daken Dark Wolverine #3
  59. ^ a b Astonishing X-Men #62
  60. ^ X-Men: Manifest Destiny #4
  61. ^ Wolverine v4 #9
  62. ^ Wolverine #304
  63. ^ Mystique #5
  64. ^ Ms. Marvel #50
  65. ^ Mystique #4
  66. ^ Wolverine #303
  67. ^ Wolverine & the X-Men #20
  68. ^ Wolverine #12
  69. ^ X-Men Legacy #224
  70. ^ X-Men Chronicles #1 (1995)
  71. ^ X-Calibre #2-4 (1995)
  72. ^ All New X-Men #27
  73. ^ X-Men (vol. 2) #192
  74. ^ Brian Michael Bendis (w), Jim Cheung (p), John Dell, Jay Leisten (i). New Avengers 45 (November 2008), Marvel Comics
  75. ^ Ultimate X-Men #62
  76. ^ Ultimate X-Men #63-65
  77. ^ Ultimate X-Men #65
  78. ^ Ultimate X-Men #81
  79. ^ Ultimate X-Men Annual #2 (2006)
  80. ^ Ultimates 3 #1-5
  81. ^ Ultimate X #1-5
  82. ^ X-Men: The End (book two) #6
  83. ^ "Comics Continuum". Comics Continuum. 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  84. ^ Wells, Jeffrey (2010-10-24). "Lawrence on the Line". Hollywood elsewhere. Retrieved 2010-11-22. 
  85. ^ Dorn, Alex (August 16, 2010). "Oliver Platt will be The Man In Black in 'X-Men: First Class'". HitFix.com. Retrieved August 17, 2010. 
  86. ^ Malkin, Marc (February 26, 2013). "Jennifer Lawrence: "I'm Sinking Into a Bit of Depression"". E! Online. Archived from the original on March 3, 2013. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  87. ^ "'X-Men: Apocalypse': Who will return? What new mutants may appear? Scoop on the next X-Men film -- Exclusive". Entertainment Weekly. April 11, 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-11. 
  88. ^ "Marvel Costume Kit 1". Sony. Archived from the original on December 30, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  89. ^ Posted Aug 21, 2013 9:55 am (2013-08-21). "Galactus Lands in New LEGO Marvel Super Heroes Trailer | Marvel Heroes Games | News". Marvel.com. Retrieved 2013-11-02. 

External links[edit]