Mytholmroyd

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Mytholmroyd
Mytholmroyd vista.jpg
View of Mytholmroyd from the north
Mytholmroyd is located in West Yorkshire
Mytholmroyd
Mytholmroyd
 Mytholmroyd shown within West Yorkshire
Population 4,594 (2011)
OS grid reference SE012260
Civil parish Hebden Royd
Metropolitan borough Calderdale
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HEBDEN BRIDGE
Postcode district HX7
Dialling code 01422
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Calder Valley
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°43′48″N 1°58′52″W / 53.730°N 1.981°W / 53.730; -1.981

Mytholmroyd /ˈmðəmrɔɪd/ is a town in Hebden Royd within the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, in West Yorkshire, England. It lies 1.5 miles (2.4 km) east of Hebden Bridge and 6.7 miles (10.8 km) west of Halifax.

Etymology[edit]

Mytholmroyd, recorded in the 13th century as Mithomrode, refers to a clearing where two rivers meet, and is derived from the Old English (ge)mȳthum (inflected form of (ge)mȳthe, "river mouth"), plus rodu ("field" or "clearing"). The l was probably inserted out of confusion with the common place-name element holm, Old Norse for a small island or eyot.[1][2] "Mytholm" [3] means two rivers meeting, where "Royd" is a clearing for settlement, together meaning a clearing where the two rivers meet.

History[edit]

During the late 18th century, the valley to the south, known as Cragg Vale, was home to a gang of counterfeiters known as the Cragg Coiners. The gang's leader, David Hartley, or King David as he was known, was found guilty of the 1769 murder of excise official William Dighton and was hanged at the York Tyburn on 28 April 1770. Two other gang members were also executed for their part in the murder.

The town today[edit]

The town is now known to locals as 'Royd'. The town's population is roughly 4,600. Mytholmroyd is prone to flooding, and in 2012 floodwaters breached the defense wall onto the A646. The town has suffered flooding in 2012 with the floodwaters closing popular town venues such as The Dusty Miller and Coiners Restaurant. This venue has now been re-opened. Calder High School was opened for the flood victims whose houses were in-habitable. Only homes and businesses were affected along the main A646 Road at the bottom of the valley in Mytholmroyd.

The town is part of the Valley of Lights festival every year. The town also holds markets, performances at the St. Michael's Enterprise Centre, antique shows and fairs, together with events at the sports and leisure centre and at the Ted Hughes Theatre.[citation needed]

Mytholmroyd is the home of Calder High School, the largest Comprehensive School in the Upper Calder Valley. Mytholmroyd Community Centre hosts the annual Dock Pudding Championships in April, attended in 2007 by Robbie Coltrane who entered the competition and came second.[4]

The town is served by Mytholmroyd railway station, located on New Road on the viaduct.

New Road, Mytholmroyd, from beneath the Caldervale Line Railway viaduct

Government[edit]

The town is part of the Luddendenfoot ward of the Metropolitan borough of Calderdale, part of the Metropolitan county of West Yorkshire.[5]

At a district level Mytholmroyd Urban District Council was set up in 1894. In 1937 it merged with Hebden Bridge Urban District Council to become Hebden Royd Urban District Council. At a county level Mytholmroyd was administered by the West Riding County Council. Both of these were abolished as part of the reforms introduced in the Local Government Act 1972. They were replaced with West Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council and Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council. The Hebden Royd Town Council area forms a civil parish. West Yorkshire County Council was abolished in 1986, leaving Mytholmroyd with a borough and town council.

Sport[edit]

Mytholmroyd F.C., where Eric Harrison began his career, were based in the town.

On 6 July 2014, Stage 2 of the 2014 Tour de France from York to Sheffield, passed through the village.[6]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mills, Anthony David (2003). Oxford dictionary of British place names. Oxford University Press. p. 513. 
  2. ^ Goodall, Armitage (1913). Place-names of South-West Yorkshire. Cambridge University Press. p. 216. 
  3. ^ "Calderdale history timeline 1100 - 1400AD". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Hebweb news 2007: Robbie Coltrane comes 2nd in World Dock Pudding championship". Hebden Bridge Web. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Luddendenfoot". 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Tour de France Stage 1". Retrieved 15 July 2014. 

External links[edit]