View of Mytholmroyd from the north
Mytholmroyd shown within West Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Hebden Royd|
|Metropolitan county||West Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||HEBDEN BRIDGE|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||Calder Valley|
Mytholmroyd, recorded in the 13th century as Mithomrode, refers to a clearing where two rivers meet, and is derived from the Old English (ge)mȳthum (inflected form of (ge)mȳthe, "river mouth"), plus rodu ("field" or "clearing"). The l was probably inserted out of confusion with the common place-name element holm, Old Norse for a small island or eyot.
During the late 18th century, the valley to the south, known as Cragg Vale, was home to a gang of counterfeiters known as the Cragg Coiners. The gang's leader, David Hartley, or King David as he was known, was found guilty of the 1769 murder of excise official William Dighton and was hanged at the York Tyburn on 28 April 1770. Two other gang members were also executed for their part in the murder.
The town today
The town is now known to locals as 'Royd'. The town's population is roughly 4,600. Mytholmroyd is prone to flooding, and in 2012 floodwaters breached the defense wall onto the A646. The town has suffered flooding in 2012 with the floodwaters closing popular town venues such as The Dusty Miller and Coiners Restaurant. This venue has now been re-opened. Calder High School was opened for the flood victims whose houses were in-habitable. Only homes and businesses were affected along the main A646 Road at the bottom of the valley in Mytholmroyd.
The town is part of the Valley of Lights festival every year. The town also holds markets, performances at the St. Michael's Enterprise Centre, antique shows and fairs, together with events at the sports and leisure centre and at the Ted Hughes Theatre.
Mytholmroyd is the home of Calder High School, the largest Comprehensive School in the Upper Calder Valley. Mytholmroyd Community Centre hosts the annual Dock Pudding Championships in April, attended in 2007 by Robbie Coltrane who entered the competition and came second.
The town is served by Mytholmroyd railway station, located on New Road on the viaduct.
At a district level Mytholmroyd Urban District Council was set up in 1894. In 1937 it merged with Hebden Bridge Urban District Council to become Hebden Royd Urban District Council. At a county level Mytholmroyd was administered by the West Riding County Council. Both of these were abolished as part of the reforms introduced in the Local Government Act 1972. They were replaced with West Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council and Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council. The Hebden Royd Town Council area forms a civil parish. West Yorkshire County Council was abolished in 1986, leaving Mytholmroyd with a borough and town council.
Mytholmroyd F.C., where Eric Harrison began his career, were based in the town.
- Mytholmroyd is the birthplace of the English Poet Laureate Ted Hughes.
- Hughes' wife, American poet Sylvia Plath, is buried at nearby Heptonstall.
- Mills, Anthony David (2003). Oxford dictionary of British place names. Oxford University Press. p. 513.
- Goodall, Armitage (1913). Place-names of South-West Yorkshire. Cambridge University Press. p. 216.
- "Luddendenfoot". 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mytholmroyd.|
- Mytholmroyd Walkers Action Local community group
- Calder High School
- The Elmet Trust – Ted Hughes Festival, Mytholmroyd