Mytishchi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other places with the same name, see Mytishchi (inhabited locality).
Mytishchi (English)
Мытищи (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Voloshinoi str 2011.jpg
Voloshinoy Street in Mytishchi
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Mytishchi is located in Moscow Oblast
Mytishchi
Mytishchi
Location of Mytishchi in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 55°55′N 37°46′E / 55.917°N 37.767°E / 55.917; 37.767Coordinates: 55°55′N 37°46′E / 55.917°N 37.767°E / 55.917; 37.767
Coat of Arms of Mytishchi rural settlement (Moscow Oblast).gif
Flag of Mytishchi (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Town Day One of the Sundays in September[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of September 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administrative district Mytishchinsky District[1]
City Mytishchi[1]
Administrative center of Mytishchinsky District,[1] Town of Mytishchi[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2012)
Municipal district Mytishchinsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Mytishchi Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Mytishchinsky Municipal District,[2] Mytishchi Urban Settlement[2]
Head[citation needed] Alexander Kazakov[citation needed]
Representative body Council of Deputies[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 173,160 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 105th
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Known since 1460[citation needed]
Town status since 1925[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 141000–141002, 141004–141011, 141013–141018, 141020, 141021, 141023–141029, 141037–141043, 141045–141050, 141053, 141056–141059, 141101–141132, 141941–141945, 994003–994005
Dialing code(s) +7 495[citation needed]
Official website
Mytishchi on WikiCommons

Mytishchi (Russian: Мытищи; IPA: [mɨˈtʲiɕːɪ]) is a city and the administrative center of Mytishchinsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, which lies to the northeast of Russia's capital Moscow, on the Yauza River and the Moscow–Yaroslavl railway. Population: 173,160 (2010 Census);[3] 159,900 (2002 Census);[6] 154,068 (1989 Census);[7] 125,000 (1973); 60,000 (1939).

History[edit]

The first settlement of ancient hunters and fishermen in this location is dated to the 6th–8th millennia BCE, i.e. in the late Stone Age. In the 8th–9th centuries, first Slavic tribes (Vyatichi and Krivichs) began settling here. In and around Mytishchinsky District about a dozen of such settlements from the 11th–13th centuries have been discovered.

The modern settlement has been known since 1460 and since the 19th century it has been known as Bolshiye Mytishchi (Большие Мытищи).[citation needed] Its history is closely linked to the Yauzsky port. Mytishchi was an important place on the trade ship route. Through this site commercial ships had been hauled across on wheels, rollers, or skids from the Yauza River to the Klyazma River. Merchants had to pay a duty for this. The settlement got its name thanks to the duty, which had been known as myt (мыт).

In the mid-19th century, the population was 389. Town status was granted to Mytishchi in 1925.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Mytishchi serves as the administrative center of Mytishchinsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-four rural localities, incorporated within Mytishchinsky District as the Town of Mytishchi.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Mytishchi is incorporated within Mytishchinsky Municipal District as Mytishchi Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

The city is the oblast's largest center for industry (machine building, arms industry in particular) and education.

Architecture[edit]

Monument to the first Russian water supply system

Mytishchi is famous for its aqueduct, built in the 18th century by the order of Catherine the Great. It was the first water supply constructed in Russia to provide the Kremlin with pure water.

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Mytishchi is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #198/2004-OZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ "INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION". panevezys.lt. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Twin Towns". gabrovo.bg. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №161-ПГ от 13 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #161-PG of August 13, 2014 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №198/2004-ОЗ от 29 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе и границах Мытищинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №82/2012-ОЗ от 20 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Мытищинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №13, 26 января 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #198/2004-oZ of December 29, 2004 On the Status and the Borders of Mytishchinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #82/2012-OZ of June 20, 2012 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Mytishchinsky Municipal District and the Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]