Myxas glutinosa

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Myxas glutinosa
Myxas glutinosa.jpg
Four shells of Myxas glutinosa, scale bar in cm & mm
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Hygrophila
Superfamily: Lymnaeoidea
Family: Lymnaeidae
Subfamily: Lymnaeinae
Genus: Myxas
Species: M. glutinosa
Binomial name
Myxas glutinosa
(O. F. Müller, 1774)[2]

The glutinous snail, Myxas glutinosa is a species of small air-breathing freshwater snail, an aquatic gastropod mollusc in the family Lymnaeidae, the pond snails.


drawing of apertural view of the shell of Myxas glutinosa

This snail is unusual in that it extends its almost transparent mantle to completely cover the shell when it is in motion, giving the very small animal a glass-like appearance. It also makes the animal sticky to the touch, hence its common name.

Shell Description[edit]

The shell is 13 to 16 mm in height and 11 mm to 15 mm in width in the adult stadium. The upper whorls are almost flat so that the shell has a short blunt spire, the last whorl is inflated and predominating.The aperture is more than 90 % of the shell height. The umbilicus is closed. The shell colour is brown or green, extremely thin and very transparent and shiny.


This species is European: it is now rare in western Europe, and even rarer in eastern Europe.

According to the IUCN red list[1] it is also native to Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Norway, Russian Federation, Sweden and Ukraine.


This species requires pollution-free, extremely clear, calm water, in calcium-rich canals, streams and lakes.

It is rapidly declining or already extinct in many European countries, because of the loss of good habitat.


  1. ^ a b Mollusc Specialist Group 1996. Myxas glutinosa. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <>. Downloaded on 30 December 2008.
  2. ^ Müller O. F. 1774. Vermivm terrestrium et fluviatilium, seu animalium infusoriorum, helminthicorum, et testaceorum, non marinorum, succincta historia. Volumen alterum. pp. I-XXVI [= 1-36], 1-214, [1-10]. Havniae & Lipsiae. (Heineck & Faber).
  3. ^ Protection for wild animals on Schedule 5 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981. website accessed 7 August 2009.
  4. ^ Species Action Plan. Glutinous Snail (Myxas glutinosa). accessed 31 December 2008
  5. ^ Myxas glutinosa – The glutinous snail. accessed 31 December 2008.
  6. ^ (Czech) Horsák M., Juřičková L., Beran L., Čejka T. & Dvořák L. (2010). "Komentovaný seznam měkkýšů zjištěných ve volné přírodě České a Slovenské republiky. [Annotated list of mollusc species recorded outdoors in the Czech and Slovak Republics]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca, Suppl. 1: 1-37. PDF.
  7. ^ Glöer P. & Meier-Brook C. 2003. Süsswassermollusken. DJN, pp. 134, page 107, ISBN 3-923376-02-2.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]