Myxine glutinosa

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Myxine glutinosa
Atlantic Hagfish (Myxine glutinosa).jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Myxini
Order: Myxiniformes
Family: Myxinidae
Genus: Myxine
Species: M. glutinosa
Binomial name
Myxine glutinosa
Linnaeus, 1758

Myxine glutinosa, known as the Atlantic hagfish in North America, and often simply as the hagfish in Europe, is a species of jawless fish of the genus Myxine.

Distribution[edit]

The distribution of Myxine glutinosa in the eastern Atlantic Ocean extends from the western Mediterranean Sea and Portugal to the North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat and the Varanger Fjord.[1] It is also found in the western Atlantic Ocean from Baffin Island, Canada south to North Carolina.[2] A related species, the Gulf hagfish (Eptatretus springeri), occurs in the Gulf of Mexico.[3]

Description[edit]

The Atlantic hagfish may grow up to 2.5 feet (0.76 m) long, with no eyes and no jaws; its star-shaped mouth is surrounded by 6 barbels.[2] There is a single gill slit on each side of the eel-like body.[2] It has a total of 88–102 pores from which it can exude a slimy mucus.[1]

Ecology[edit]

Hagfish such as M. glutinosa feed on the carcasses of fishes, which they bore into through any available opening.[1][2]

Trivia[edit]

Following an unofficial poll by the NRK P1 broadcaster in 1982, the hagfish was voted the national fish of Norway with over 4 000 votes, beating the second place ( Atlantic Cod ) by a large margin, as that fish only got 2,552 votes. However, the vote was most likely rigged and the result was overturned by the jury.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c P. J. P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen & E. Tortonese, ed. (1984/1986). "Hagfish (Myxine glutinosa)". Fishes of the NE Atlantic and the Mediterranean. 
  2. ^ a b c d Michael Filisky & Roger Tory Peterson (1998). "Atlantic Hagfish". Peterson First Guide to Fishes of North America (2nd ed.). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-395-91179-2. 
  3. ^ Edwin S. Iversen & Renate H. Skinner (2006). "Atlantic hagfish Myxine glutinosa". Dangerous Sea Life of the West Atlantic, Caribbean, and Gulf of Mexico: A Guide for Accident Prevention and First Aid. Pineapple Press. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-56164-370-7. 
  4. ^ Friis, R. (1982): «Slimåler» raser mot NRK/torsken, VG, s. 33, 15. november 1982

External links[edit]