Nýřany

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Coordinates: 49°42′46.5″N 13°12′26″E / 49.712917°N 13.20722°E / 49.712917; 13.20722
Nýřany
Town
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Plzeň
District Plzeň-North
Commune Nýřany
Parts Doubrava, Kamenný Újezd, Nýřany
Center Masarykovo náměstí
 - elevation 345 m (1,132 ft)
 - coordinates 49°42′46.5″N 13°12′26″E / 49.712917°N 13.20722°E / 49.712917; 13.20722
Area 22.79 km2 (8.8 sq mi)
Population 6,994 (2006-07-03)
Density 307 / km2 (795 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1272
Mayor Jiří Davídek
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 330 23 - 330 34
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Nýřany
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.mesto-nyrany.cz
Nýřany
Municipality with Extended Competence
Country Czech Republic
Region Plzeň
Municipalities Město Touškov, Nýřany, Všeruby (Nýřany), Třemošná
Area 627.50 km2 (242.28 sq mi)
Population 49,117 (2006-01-01)
Density 78 / km2 (202 / sq mi)
Nýřany
Municipality with Commissioned Local Authority
Country Czech Republic
Region Plzeň
Little District Nýřany
Municipalities Blatnice (Plzeň-North District), Heřmanova Huť, Hněvnice, Kbelany, Líně, Lochousice, Nýřany, Přehýšov, Rochlov, Tlučná, Úherce, Vejprnice, Zbůch
Area 127.53 km2 (49.24 sq mi)
Population 20,424 (2005-12-31)
Density 160 / km2 (414 / sq mi)

Nýřany (Czech pronunciation: [ˈniːr̝anɪ]; German: Nürschan; Latin: Nirane) is a small town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It lies 12 km (7 mi) west of the regional capital of Plzeň. Nýřany is a Municipality with Extended Competence. As of 3 July 2006, the town had 6994 inhabitants.

Town parts[edit]

History[edit]

The first written note about the village of Nýřany is from 1272. The status of town was given by emperor Franz Joseph I on 29 January 1892. In the 19th century, black coal deposits were discovered and new people arrived in the town. During World War II the town of Nýřany was a part of Sudetenland. Near the end of the war one transport of death was surprised by an airstrike and about hundred of prisoners managed to escape. They were chased by SS-Guards and local Germans and either killed on the spot or executed at the place called Humboldtka.[1][2]

Demography[edit]

Year 1970 1980 1991 2001 2003 2006
Inhabitants 6 191 6 419 7 158 6 913 6 942 6 994

References[edit]

  1. ^ FiDiTvo. "Nýřany ve 20. století". Příběhy 20. století. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Nedbálek, František. "Smrt vlakem". Železniční transporty a pochody smrti vězňů koncentračních táborů a válečných zajatců přes české země zima a jaro 1945. České národní Listy. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 

Resources[edit]

  • Jiří Čarek: Městské znaky v českých zemích, Academia Praha 1985