Nýřany (Czech pronunciation: [ˈniːr̝anɪ]; German: Nürschan; Latin: Nirane) is a small town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It lies 12 km(7 mi) west of the regional capital of Plzeň. Nýřany is a Municipality with Extended Competence. As of 3 July 2006, the town had 6994 inhabitants.
The first written note about the village of Nýřany is from 1272. The status of town was given by emperor Franz Joseph I on 29 January 1892. In the 19th century, black coal deposits were discovered and new people arrived in the town. During World War II the town of Nýřany was a part of Sudetenland.