Nýrsko

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Coordinates: 49°17′36.1″N 13°08′34.1″E / 49.293361°N 13.142806°E / 49.293361; 13.142806
Nýrsko
Town
Nýrsko (CZE) - municipal library.jpg
Municipal library on central square
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Plzeň
District Klatovy
Commune Klatovy
Municipality Nýrsko
Parts
River Úhlava
Center Square
 - elevation 452 m (1,483 ft)
 - coordinates 49°17′36.1″N 13°08′34.1″E / 49.293361°N 13.142806°E / 49.293361; 13.142806
Area 31.53 km2 (12.17 sq mi)
Population 5,121 (2006-08-28)
Density 162 / km2 (420 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1327
Mayor Miloslav Rubáš
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 340 22 - 340 23
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Nýrsko
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.sumavanet.cz/nyrsko

Nýrsko (Czech pronunciation: [ˈniːrsko]; German: Neuern) is a town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It lies on the Úhlava River under the Šumava Range some 50 km south-west of the region capital of Plzeň.

Nýrsko is also a Municipality with Commissioned Local Authority within the Klatovy Municipality with Extended Competence.

History[edit]

The first written mention about Nýrsko dates back to 1327. It was probably a settlement in the 12th century. It was situated on the trade route to Bavaria near the ford across the Úhlava. A customs officer was located here.

The lower part of the town, called Dolní Nýrsko ("Lower Nýrsko"), was a member of the Royal Chamber, and the upper part, Horní Nýrsko ("Upper Nýrsko"), was a market village under the ownership of the Pajrek castle.

In 1558 Horní Nýrsko joined Dolní Nýrsko and both became property of the municipality of Bystřice nad Úhlavou. The town developed and grew quickly at that time and it obtained many rights and privileges from Rudolph II in 1539.

The development continued in the 19th century when the railroad, the factory for the production of optical instruments, and the shop of cut-glass were founded here.

South of the town a 36m high stone dam for a reservoir was built in 1969.

People[edit]

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