Náchod

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Coordinates: 50°25′01″N 16°09′47″E / 50.41694°N 16.16306°E / 50.41694; 16.16306
Náchod
Town
Náchod, výhled ze zámku na Masarykovo náměstí.jpg
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Hradec Králové
District Náchod
Commune Náchod
River Metuje
Elevation 346 m (1,135 ft)
Coordinates 50°25′01″N 16°09′47″E / 50.41694°N 16.16306°E / 50.41694; 16.16306
Area 33.32 km2 (12.86 sq mi)
Population 21,559 (2006-10-02)
Density 647 / km2 (1,676 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1254
Mayor Petr König
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 547 01
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Náchod
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.mestonachod.cz

Náchod (Czech pronunciation: [ˈnaːxot]; German: Nachod [ˈnaːxɔt]); is a town in the Czech Republic, in the Hradec Králové Region. Náchod lies in the valley of the river Metuje, in northern parts of the upland Podorlická pahorkatina. The town has a castle, and a brewery which until 2009 was owned by the town itself.

History[edit]

Náchod was founded in 14th century by knight Hron of Načeradice, who founded a castle on a strategical place, where local trade road reaches the defile called Branka. The first written note dates back to 1254.

Until 1918, Náchod was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district with the same name, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[1]

Castle[edit]

Nachod marketplace and castle around 1740.

Hron from Náchod founded Náchod castle in the mid 13th century. The Náchod castle has a rounded tower and palace, which are typical of the bergfrit/keep type. In 1544 Zikmund Smiricky bought the castle area and rebuilt the castle to the Renaissance style. Then the castle was confiscated and the House of Trcka gained possession of the castle. In 1634 Adam Erdman Trcka was murdered in Cheb and the castle was confiscated again.[2]

In this time Ottavio Piccolomini came to Náchod and started embattle the castle. From 1632 Piccolomini started convert the castle to the baroque style under the direction of C. Lurago and G. Pieroni. After Ottavio’s second marriage with Marie Benigna, they relocated to Vienna where Ottavio died when he fell off a horse in 1656.

Nachod church and castle during the 1866 war.

In 1639 the castle was damaged by the Swedish army. Then the Náchod castle was embattled again. In 1721 a storm damaged the main castle tower and this was an opportunity to start another renovation. In 1751 the granary was built and the French garden was founded over the castle moat. Since the end of the 18th century the castle was an important cultural centre (for example, theatre performances or concerts were there four times a week).

Duchess Wilhelmine of Courland, and of Sagan (Czechised name version: Kateřina Vilemina Zaháňská), this historic person features in the novel Babicka (The Grandmother) by Božena Němcová) inherited the Náchod manor in 1800 from her father Peter von Biron, Duke of Courland, and of Sagan. In 1866, during Austro-Prussian War, the Nachod castle was a military hospital. Presently, we can visit the castle interior. There are interesting collections from Prince Ottavio Piccolomini's time (for example tapestries). Also, there are Gothic cellars or the observation tower to see.[3]

Economy[edit]

Náchod brewery[edit]

Náchod town has a brewery built in 1872,[4] which sells a range of beers under the Primátor brand name.[5] The town authorities agreed in February 2009 to sell the brewery for €5.3m to Liberec Investment Fund (LIF), the owners of Svijany and Rohozec breweries.[6]

Notable people[edit]

The former Prime Minister of the Czech Republic Josef Tošovský was born here, as were the architect Jan Letzel, scientist Petr Skrabanek, the writer Josef Škvorecký and the football player Vratislav Lokvenc.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Náchod is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  2. ^ "Manor and Castles - Nachod". ATIKA Č. Budějovice. Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  3. ^ "Město Náchod - sights". www.mestonachod.cz. Retrieved 2009-03-02. 
  4. ^ "Pivovar Primátor - produce of specialty beers". www.primator.cz. Retrieved 2009-03-02. 
  5. ^ "Pivovar Primátor - produce of specialty beers". www.primator.cz. Retrieved 2009-03-02. 
  6. ^ "Nachod brewery finally sold - Czech Republic News". www.ceeretail.com. Retrieved 2009-03-02. 

Sources[edit]

  • Petr David and Vladimir Soukup, Velka cestovni kniha - Hrady, zamky a klastery, Soukup & David s.r.o., Prague 2003, ISBN 80-86050-75-0

External links[edit]