Návsí

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Návsí
Nawsie
Village
Lutheran church
Lutheran church
Flag of Návsí
Flag
Coat of arms of Návsí
Coat of arms
Návsí is located in Czech Republic
Návsí
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°35′25″N 18°45′10″E / 49.59028°N 18.75278°E / 49.59028; 18.75278
Country Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian
District Frýdek-Místek
First mentioned 1435
Government
 • Mayor Lenka Husarová
Area
 • Total 19.63 km2 (7.58 sq mi)
Elevation 386 m (1,266 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 3,810
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Postal code 739 91, 739 92
Website http://www.navsi.cz/

About this sound Návsí  (Polish: Nawsie , Cieszyn Silesian: Nowsi ) is a village in Frýdek-Místek District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of 3,765 (2001 census); 24% of the population are Poles.[1]

It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia, on the both banks of the Olza River, between Silesian and Moravian-Silesian Beskids mountain ranges. Mountain meadow of Filipka lies just north of the village. It offers great view of the Olza River valley and peaks of Moravian-Silesian Beskids.

Nawsie was originally a part of Old Jabłonków, but nearby a new settlement emerged (Jabłonków) and Nawsie became a separate village. The village is first mentioned as Nawsie in a written document in 1577. Beginnings of the village can be traced much earlier. It is possible that Nawsie was first mentioned already in 1223 as Novoza, in a document of Bishop of Wrocław issued for Norbertine Sisters in Rybnik among villages paying them tithe.[2][3] In 1435 Wacław I, Duke of Cieszyn gave a privilege to Paweł Sikora to establish a farming community. Návsí lies on the old trade route going from today's Slovakia to Cieszyn, thus offering good trading opportunities. Craftsmen began to settle in the village. However, village's location had also negative consequences, frequent marches of various armies and frequent Olza floodings caused that in the second half of the 17th century almost one third inhabitants left the village. Sikora family managed the village to 19th century. In 1791 a wooden Protestant church was built, bricked one in 1820. Village developed quickly after 1871 construction of Kassa-Oderberg railway line which runs through the village. Large railway station was built here.

According to the Austrian census of 1910 the village had 2,249 inhabitants, 2,188 of whom had permanent residence there. The census asked people for their native language, 2,114 (96.6%) were Polish-speaking and 62 (2.8%) were German-speaking. The most populous religious groups were Protestants with 1,449 (64.4%) and Roman Catholics with 783 (34.8%).[4]

In 1914 Polish Marshall Józef Piłsudski spent with his legions his first World War I Christmas Eve at the parish of local Protestant church.[5]

After the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, the village became part of Czechoslovakia. Following the Munich Agreement, in October 1938, Návsí and the whole Zaolzie region was annexed by Poland. The village was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Czechoslovakia.

From 1960 to 1994 it was administratively a part of Jablunkov.


Gallery[edit]

People[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "2001 census data". Czech Statistical Office. 
  2. ^ Panic, Idzi (2000). "Z badań nad osadami zanikłymi na Górnym Śląsku w średniowieczu. Uwagi w sprawie istnienia zaginionych wsi podcieszyńskich, Nageuuzi, Suenschizi, suburbium, Radouiza, Zasere, Clechemuje oraz Novosa". Pamiętnik Cieszyński (Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne Oddział w Cieszynie) (15): 29–37. ISSN 0137-558X. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 294. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  4. ^ Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.
  5. ^ Nowak 2008, 16.

References[edit]

  • Cicha, Irena; Kazimierz Jaworski, Bronisław Ondraszek, Barbara Stalmach and Jan Stalmach (2000). Olza od pramene po ujście. Český Těšín: Region Silesia. ISBN 80-238-6081-X. 
  • Nowak, Krzysztof (2008). "Polskość i ruch narodowy". In Krzysztof Nowak. Pierwsza Niepodległość. Cieszyn: Urząd Miejski Cieszyn. pp. 7–17. ISBN 978-83-89835-40-6. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°35′25″N 18°45′10″E / 49.59028°N 18.75278°E / 49.59028; 18.75278