Nădlac

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nădlac
Nadlak
Town
Skyline of Nădlac
Coat of arms of Nădlac
Coat of arms
Nădlac is located in Romania
Nădlac
Nădlac
Location of Nădlac
Coordinates: 46°10′0″N 20°45′2″E / 46.16667°N 20.75056°E / 46.16667; 20.75056Coordinates: 46°10′0″N 20°45′2″E / 46.16667°N 20.75056°E / 46.16667; 20.75056
Country  Romania
County Arad County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Vasile Ciceac (Democratic Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total 133 km2 (51 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 8,422
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primaria-nadlac.ro/

Nădlac (Hungarian: Nagylak, Slovak: Nadlak) is a town in western Romania, Arad County. A former part of the town lies across the border with Hungary; this village is called Nagylak. An international border town, Nădlac is the main border crossing into western Romania from Hungary. It is also a centre of the Lutheran Slovak community in Romania. Situated in the western part of Arad County, 50 km from the county capital, at the western border of Romania, Nădlac is the main entrance gate from Western Europe. The administrative territory of the town is 132,5 square km and according to the last census its population counts 8144 inhabitants.

Nădlac was first mentioned in documents in 1313 when it was known as Noglog. The traces of inhabitancy in this region are lost in the darkness of time.

The town's name in Hungarian language means "big place". The Romanian and Slovak names derive from that.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1977 8,405 —    
1992 8,458 +0.6%
2002 8,422 −0.4%
2011 7,185 −14.7%
Source: Census data

According to the 2011 census, Nădlac had 7,185 inhabitants. The ethnic breakdown was as follows:

History[edit]

Archaeological excavations have brought to the surface traces of existence of the Dacian-Romans. Throughout times Nădlac, a castle with wooden and soil fortification, was invaded by the Tartars, was possessed by Hunyadi János, and was donated to the commanding officers Gyorgy Istvan and Dmitar Jakšić who laid the foundation of a new fortification. It was also ravaged several times by the Turks, and was razed to the ground by the rebels led by György Dózsa. It was, however, rebuilt every time. In 1685 the town was conquered by the Austrian royal army and was integrated in the border disposition of the Mureș valley.

One of the most important moments in the history of Nădlac took place in the early 19th century, when the colonization process of the Slovaks started. This nationality has contributed to a great extent to the development of the settlement.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Among the town's tourist sights are the Saint Nicholas Church and the Slovak Lutheran church. There is also a park called "Lunca Mureșului".

External links[edit]