|Canton||Canton of Nœux-les-Mines|
|Intercommunality||Nœux et environs|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Jacques Villedary|
|Area1||8.84 km2 (3.41 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||62617 / 62290|
|Elevation||23–76 m (75–249 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Nœux-les-Mines is situated some 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Béthune and 25 miles (40.2 km) southwest of Lille, at the junction of the D937 and D65 roads. As the name of the town itself might imply, it was established as a coal mining centre, however with the decline of the mining industry in the area Nœux-les-Mines has evolved to become a light industrial and farming town.
Nœux-les-Mines was first recorded in the 4th century as Vitri. It was destroyed in 882 by the Normans, before being rebuilt in the 10th century, when it became known as Noewe.
It was part of the small province of Gohelle, itself part of the province of Artois, and was mainly an agricultural town with associated small activities incidental to farming, such as flour mills, sugar mills and breweries.
The name was transformed from Noewe to Nœux-lez-Béthune over the years, but became Nœux-les-Mines in 1887, a few years after the discovery of coal deposits in 1850, when the population numbered a mere 1100 inhabitants. From the opening of the first pit in 1851 the town experienced a strong surge in population up until 1962. All the pits were closed down between 1956 and 1968.
|Census count starting from 1962: Population without duplicates|
Places of interest
- The church of St. Martin, dating from the nineteenth century.
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery.
- The coal mining museum.
- A modern church dedicated to St.Barbe.
- An eighteenth-century farmhouse.
- An oil-pressing mill.
- Footballer Raymond Kopa, star of Real Madrid and the French national team that reached the 1958 World Cup Finals in Sweden.
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