N. Chandrababu Naidu
Nara Chandrababu Naidu
నారా చంద్రబాబు నాయుడు
|Naidu in 2007|
|13th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh|
8 June 2014
|Preceded by||N. Kiran Kumar Reddy|
1 September 1995 – 13 May 2004
Surjit Singh Barnala
|Preceded by||Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao|
|Succeeded by||Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy|
|Constituency||Kuppam, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh|
20 April 1950 |
Naravari Palle, Chandragiri, Madras State, India
(now in Andhra Pradesh, India)
|Political party||Telugu Desam Party|
|Residence||Hyderabad, Telangana, India|
|Alma mater||Sri Venkateswara University|
Nara Chandrababu Naidu (born 20 April 1950) is an Indian politician and the President of Telugu Desam Party in Andhra Pradesh. He is currently serving his second non-consecutive term as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.
Naidu became the state's youngest assembly member and youngest minister at 28, and served the longest term as Chief Minister of the state from 1995 to 2004. He unleashed a series of reforms after taking over the reins of state. Naidu emphasised the use of information technology (IT) and was instrumental in making Hyderabad one of the IT hubs in India which earned praise from global leaders and media for his public policies and approach to governance.
The 2004 election defeat for Naidu was primarily attributed to not enough focus on agriculture by his administration. The severe drought and increasing debt had driven hundreds of farmers in the state to commit suicide. Naidu was perceived to ignore the large rural population with his policies, which created a negative image for him. He subsequently lost 2009 Assembly elections and became the longest serving Leader of opposition since 2004. Naidu has also been criticized for his frequent change of mind in regards to the support of the Andhra Pradesh Bifurcation. After the 2014 local assembly elections, Naidu was re-elected as Chief Minister.
He has won a number of awards, including IT Indian of the Millennium from India Today, Business Person of the Year by The Economic Times, South Asian of the Year from Time Asia and membership in the World Economic Forum's Dream Cabinet. Naidu chaired the National IT Panel under the NDA government and was described as one of the "hidden seven", working wonders around the world, by Profit (Oracle Corporation's monthly magazine).
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Early political career
- 3 Telugu Desam Party
- 4 Palace coup
- 5 As Chief Minister (1995–2004)
- 6 1999 election victory
- 7 Hyderabad development
- 8 2003 assassination attempt
- 9 2004 election defeat
- 10 2014 Elections Victory
- 11 Personal life
- 12 Achievements
- 13 Controversy
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Early life and education
Naidu was born on 20 April 1950 at Naravari Palle, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh in an agricultural family. His father, N. Kharjura Naidu, worked in agriculture and his mother Amanamma was a housewife. Since his village had no school, Naidu attended primary school in Seshapuram until class five and the Chandragiri Government High School until class nine. He went to Tirupati for his higher education, studying there from class 10 until he received his master's degree. Naidu completed his BA degree in 1972 before enrolling in an MA program in economics at S. V. College of Arts. In 1974, he began work towards a PhD under D. L. Narayana (Andhra Pradesh Finance Commission chairman), researching the economic ideas of N. G. Ranga. Naidu did not complete his PhD, instead becoming involved in politics. Chandrababu Naidu was also offered honorary professorship by prestigious top-ranked US business school - the Kellogg School of Management in year 2000.
Early political career
Naidu was drawn to politics at an early age, and joined Youth Congress as a student leader in Chandragiri, near Tirupati. After emergency was imposed on the country in 1975, he became close to Sanjay Gandhi.
Legislative career, 1978–1983
Naidu received an Indian National Congress (INC) nomination in 1978 under the 20-percent quota for youth to run for the office of the member of the legislative assembly (MLA) in Chandragiri constituency. He won, and was appointed as technical education and cinematography minister in T .Anjaiah's government at the age of 28. He was the youngest minister in the Congress cabinet.
As the cinematography minister, Mr Naidu came in contact with N. T. Rama Rao, popularly known as NTR, a popular film star in Telugu cinema. In 1980, he married Bhuvaneswari, NTR's second daughter.
Telugu Desam Party
In 1982, NTR formed the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and swept the assembly polls held in 1983. Mr Naidu, who was then still in the INC, was defeated by a TDP candidate in Chandragiri. He joined the TDP soon after.
Rise in the party
Mr Naidu got the chance to show his political skills in August 1984, when Nadendla Bhaskara Rao staged a coup against NTR. He rallied the TDP MLAs together, and paraded them before the President of India. NTR was reinstated as the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh 31 days later. Impressed with his son-in-law's manoeuvres, NTR appointed Naidu general secretary of the party and he began playing an important role in the TDP after Rao's coup attempt.
Legislative career, 1989–1994
In the 1989 assembly election, Chandrababu Naidu contested from Kuppam and won by 5,000 votes. INC however had regained power in the election so Naidu had to sit in the Opposition. He served as coordinator of the Telugu Desam Party, in which capacity he effectively handled the party's role of main opposition in the assembly which won him wide appreciation from both the party and the public. His role during this phase both inside the Legislative Assembly and outside was a critical factor for the subsequent success of the party at the hustings.
In 1994 the TDP regained power following an anti-Congress wave triggered by anti-liquor, anti-incumbency factions, and he was re-elected to the Assembly from Kuppam Assembly constituency with a majority of 57,000 votes and held the important portfolios of Revenue and Finance. During this tenure, Mr. Naidu systematically introduced transparency in Government, thus breaking the tradition of inordinate secrecy in the Finance department. However, in August 1995, Naidu staged a coup against NTR, in an apparent attempt to oust NTR's second wife, Lakshmi Parvathi.
As Chief Minister (1995–2004)
As chief minister, Naidu advocated short-term sacrifice to turn Andhra Pradesh into an Asian tiger over the next 20 years. He slashed food subsidies (among other things), and raised power tariffs. Both Bill Clinton (President of the United States at the time) and Tony Blair (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at the time) visited Hyderabad and met with Naidu whilst he was chief minister.
Aparisim Ghosh of the American news magazine, Time commented, "In just five years, he has turned an impoverished, rural backwater place into India's new information-technology hub", and the magazine named him South Asian of the Year.
- Universal, low-cost education and healthcare
- Rural employment
- Replacement of small investors with large corporations
1999 election victory
The Telugu Desam Party, led by Naidu, won a majority in the state legislature: 185 of 294 seats in the Assembly and 29 of 42 in the 1999 general election, making it the second-largest party in the BJP-led NDA coalition government.
Naidu as discussed his plan to develop the state of Andhra Pradesh by making the major cities showpieces for foreign investment especially in "key sectors such as information technology, biotechnology, healthcare and various outsourcing services". He coined the slogan "Bye-bye Bangalore, hello Hyderabad" to further this aim. Microsoft Corporation has established a software-development centre in Hyderabad, the second such centre outside Seattle. Naidu encouraged other global IT companies (IBM, Dell, Deloitte, Computer Associates and Oracle) to move to Hyderabad, making presentations to global CEOs convincing them to invest in his state.
2003 assassination attempt
On 1 October 2003 Naidu survived a land-mine blast, escaping with a fractured left collarbone and hairline fractures of two right ribs. The blast occurred about 16:00 IST when Naidu was travelling in a convoy to the Lord Venkateswara temple in the Tirumala hills for the annual Brahmotsavam festival. State Information Technology Minister B. Gopalakrishna Reddy, Telugu Desam legislator and Ch. Krishnamurthy and driver Srinivasa Raju were also injured. Telugu Desam legislator Dr.R. Rajasekhar Reddy was seriously injured.
2004 election defeat
The Telugu Desam Party (led by Naidu) failed to retain power after two successive wins, winning 47 of 294 seats in the state assembly and five of 42 in the Lok Sabha. While many of his ministers lost, Naidu won decisively in Kuppam.
According to Naidu, the 2004 election loss was primarily due to a severe drought and anti-incumbency sentiment. He was seen to have ignored the large rural population with his policies, failing to reach poor voters. Years of drought and increasing debt had increased the suicide rate among the rural population.
2014 Elections Victory
The Telugu Desam Party (led by Naidu) returned to power, in the state of Andhra Pradesh winning 102 seats out of 175 seats. Chandrababu Naidu allied with BJP's prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi and the leader of Jana Sena party Pawan Kalyan during these elections. Naidu led TDP to an outright majority in the state of Andhra Pradesh, but lost to TRS in the region of Telangana which had earlier become the newest state of India on 2 June as per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014. Chandrababu Naidu took oath as the first Chief Minister of the residuary state of Andhra Pradesh at mangalgiri in the grounds of Acharya Nagarjuna University near Guntur.
- At 28, the state's youngest assembly member and minister
- Longest serving Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh before the formation of the new Indian State Telangana.
- First Chief Minister of the newly formed state of Andhra Pradesh from 8 June 2014.
- Longest-serving opposition leader of opposition in the Andhra Pradesh assembly
- Voted IT Indian of the Millennium in a poll by India Today and 20:20 Media
Naidu's wife Bhuvaneswari owns Heritage Foods a dairy and food industry. The Congress party alleged that the company was expanded by allegedly discouraging the public sector company Chittor Dairy and ultimately leading to its closure.
In November 2011, the Andhra Pradesh High Court ordered an investigation of Naidu, petitioned by Y. S. Vijayamma (MLA and wife of Late Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy, who sought an inquiry into Naidu's alleged disproportionate assets). The petition accused Naidu of doling out favours to corporations and amassing undue wealth.
Naidu fought to halt the investigation, challenging the high-court order before the Supreme Court; the latter refused to intervene, asking the petitioners to approach the high court for an interim order. Naidu, Ramoji Rao and others filed a vacation petition in the high court against the Central Bank of India probe. Reliance Industries impleaded in the case, and Chief Justice Madan Lokur recused himself because he owned Reliance stock. Counsel for Reliance expressed concern that the case might damage the company and its investors; allegations levelled by the petitioner against Naidu pertained to decisions about Reliance investment in the Krishna Godavari Basin and alleged kickbacks received by Naidu received through Reliance investment in Ushodaya Enterprises. On 13 December 2011 the Andhra Pradesh high court, in an interim order, stayed the investigation; on 16 February 2012 the court dismissed the petition, ruling that it did not meet the parameters of public-interest litigation.
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2014 – present