N. S. Krishnan
|'Kalaivanar' N. S. Krishnan|
29 November 1908|
Nagercoil, Travancore, British Raj (now Tamil Nadu, India)
|Died||30 August 1957
|Spouse(s)||Nagammal, T. A. Madhuram, T.A. Vembammal|
Nagercoil Sudalaimuthu Krishnan, popularly known as Kalaivanar and also as NSK was a leading Nagercoil Tamil film comedian, drama artist, playback singer and writer in the early stages of the Tamil film industry – in the 1940s and 1950s. He is considered as the "Charlie Chaplin of India."
Born in Ozhuginachery, Nagercoil, in the princely state of Travancore, India on 29 November 1908, his stage and cine-screen comedy performances were unique and always carried a message for the people. 'Kalaivanar' N. S. Krishnan died at the age of 49, on 30 August 1957.
N S Krishnan started his career as a Villu Paatu artist (the Tamil way of reciting stories while singing songs and playing a musical instrument in the form of a bow called 'Villu'), He later became involved in Tamil drama and stage shows, as were many film artistes. At one time he owned a touring drama company. When cinema gradually became popular in South India, he entered the Tamil film world to become one of the leading Tamil comedians ever, with a unique style. He generally wrote his own comedy dialogues and expressed them in his drama and films so that the message came across, but the subject was not offended.
He acted in nearly 150 Tamil films and the matinee-duo of N S Krishnan and T. A. Madhuram (later his wife) was very popular in his days; he also did roles along with leading stage and cine artists like T. S. Durairaj, Pulimootai Ramasamy, C.S. Pandian and writers like Udumalai Narayana Kavi and Subbu Armugham and gave a number of hits. He was a talented singer and his hits include Sivakavi, Raja Rani, and Manamagal.
Though he was more popular among the Tamil populace as a film comedian, Kalaivanar was instrumental in bringing a number of leading Tamil stage and film personalities to the fore. He was a Gandhian, patriot and philanthropist, yet a very controversial figure — with his name linked to a murder and marital controversies.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (July 2012)|
During the mid-1940s he and M.K.Thyagaraja Bhagavathar were arrested for suspicion of murder famously known as Lakshmikanthan Kolai Vazhakku (Lakshmikanthan Murder Case). They were convicted and later released on appeal to the Privy Council.
When Bhagavathar and NSK were flying very high in fame in drama, cinema and concerts, fate interfered in the form of Lakshmikanthan. Lakshmikanthan, a notorious criminal edited a yellow magazine called Hindu Nesan. Lakshmikanthan's target was the small fry and the movie people, business magnates, prosperous lawyers, doctors, famed musicians, landlords, zamindars, rajahs, press barons, religious heads, politicians, etc. He wrote salacious and scandalous sex stories about them purely on the basis of gossips and hearsay. A majority of them were unauthenticated and filthy news. Being afraid of ill fame, some of those celebrities tried to silence him with hush money. Encouraged by this income he continued to write about them regularly and with the result had enemies from all walks of life.
On 8 November 1944, he was attacked by some people with a knife in Purasawalkam, in downtown Madras. He was admitted to the General Hospital, Madras as an outpatient: The wound was not serious enough. In his statement to the police he did not name anyone as the accused but only stated that someone had attacked him. He was found very jovial at the police station as he was in the hospital. During his treatment it was reported that he wanted to expose the murderers involved in the Boat Mail murder. (A train named Boat mail used to run between Madras and the then Dhanushkoti station.) A rich banker from Devakottai was murdered in thetrain between Chengalpet and Madras. A notable singer cum actress who traveled with the banker was missing/fled when the train reached Madras. The political backing this singer had kept the truth about the real killers under the carpet. The killers saw to it that the case should not come to the court for trial. There is another version which says that Lakshikanthan was murdered by this group and not by NSK/MKT.
But on 9 November 1944, Lakshmikanthan died mysteriously in the hospital. He was murdered. The police, based on the statement made by LakshmiKanthan's bodyguard, arrested eight persons as accused for the murder. Among them were Bhagavathar and N. S.Krishnan. This came as a rude shock to their fans and the cine world.
After usual committal proceedings before the Madras Presidency Magistrate, the case came up for hearing at the Madras High court before Justice Vera Mockett. A group of brilliant lawyers – V. T. Rangasamy Iyengar, Rajagopalachariar (Rajaji), Braddel, B.T.Sundararajan, Govind Swaminathan, Srinivasagopal and K. M. Munshi – argued the case for the accused. After prolonged trial, the jury found MKT and NSK guilty with four others.
Appeals were heard by a bench of the High Court consisting of Lionel Leach, Chief Justice of Madras, Justice K.P. Lakshmana Rao and Advocate General K. Rajah Iyer. The appeals were filed by the then leading members of the Bar, V.V. Srinivasa Iyengar and Sri V.C. Gopalarathnam. The appeals were dismissed.
MKT and NSK filed an appeal in the Privy Council, London which was the highest court of appeal. A British barrister, D. N. Pritt, appeared for them. Privy Council referred the case back to India for a fresh appraisal.
The appeal came up before a bench of two judges: Justice Happel and Justice Sahabuddin (who migrated to Pakistan in 1947 during partition of India and retired as Chief Justice of Pakistan Supreme Court). V. L. Ethiraj, a successful barrister appeared for MKT and NSK, He argued that the judges had not properly directed the jury and the evidences of doubtful nature have not been properly assessed. Ethiraj convinced the judges that all the witnesses produced against MKT and NSK were tutored and coached; there were many inconsistencies in their evidence and statements; and the case had many loopholes. The judges agreed and acquitted MKT and NSK. One of the judges who heard the remanded appeal remarked in the court that the knife produced as evidence cannot even kill a rat.
MKT, NSK and four others came out of prison after 30 months. Experts and laymen felt that the truth about the real killers of Lakshmikanthan has not come out and MKT, NSK and others were the unfortunate victims of the game of power politics.
The killers were never found. MKT Bhagavathar never regained his lost fame.
Later NSK resumed acting in movies, but his jail term and fight for justice made him penurious. His wealth was lost in fighting the case and so was the case of co-accused MKT Bagavathar. Haridas, which was released while he was in jail ran for three consecutive Deepavalies with packed houses. People crowded the theatre as they felt they would not have another chance to see their superstar on the silver screen.
- The leading Tamil Nadu politician and Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu 'Kalaignar' Karunanidhi, when asked once by a journalist (of the Tamil magazine Kumudham) about who the non-political hero in his life was, answered it was Kalaivanar. Karunanidhi knew him well and worked in some of his film projects.
- Kalaivanar was an active member of the Dravidian Movement. The Tamil Nadu Government erected a memorial in 1979, called 'Kalaivanar Kalai Arangam' (or Kalaivanar Arts Centre) in honour of Kalaivanar's contribution to the arts,. The building is one of the leading landmarks in the city of Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu.
|No||Year||Name of Film||Language||Co-stars||Role||Other notes|
|1||1960||Raja Desingu||Tamizh||MGR, S. S. Rajendran, P. Bhanumathi, Padmini, T. A. Madhuram||This movie was released after his death;|
|2||1959||Thozhan||Tamizh||This movie was released after his death;|
|3||1958||Thanga Padhumai||Tamizh||Sivaji Ganesan, Padmini|
|4||1957||Ambikapathy||Tamizh||Sivaji Ganesan, P. Bhanumathi, T. A. Madhuram||N. S. Krishnan died before the completion of this film|
|5||1957||Chakravarthi Thirumagal||Tamizh||MGR, Anjali Devi, S. Varalakshmi|
|6||1956||Yaar Paiyan||Tamizh||Gemini Ganesan, K. Savithri, T. A. Madhuram|
|7||1956||Manimekalai||Tamizh||T. R. Mahalingam, P. Bhanumathi, T. A. Madhuram|
|9||1956||Asai||Tamizh||Gemini Ganesan, Padmini, T. A. Madhuram|
|10||1956||Raja Rani||Tamizh||Sivaji Ganesan, Padmini, T. A. Madhuram|
|13||1956||Madurai Veeran||Tamizh||MGR, P. Bhanumathi, T. A. Madhuram||Cobbler|
|14||1956||Rangoon Radha||Tamizh||Sivaji Ganesan, P. Bhanumathi||Naidu|
|20||1955||Pudhu Vazhvu||Tamizh||M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, Lalitha, Padmini, Madhuri Devi, T. A. Madhuram|
|27||1955||Kaveri||Tamizh||Sivaji Ganesan, Lalitha, Padmini, T. A. Madhuram|
|28||1955||Mudhal Thethi||Tamizh||Sivaji Ganesan, Anjali Devi, T. A. Madhuram|
|29||1954||Nalla Kalam||Tamizh||Directed by Krishnan-Panju|
|32||1952||Amarakavi||Tamizh||M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, T. R. Rajakumari, B. S. Saroja, T. A. Madhuram|
|33||1952||Panam||Tamizh||Sivaji Ganesan, Padmini, T. A. Madhuram|
|37||1951||Vanasundari||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, T. R. Rajakumari, S. Varalakshmi, T. A. Madhuram|
|38||1950||Parijatham||Tamizh||T. R. Mahalingam, T. A. Madhuram|
|39||1950||Manamagal||Tamizh||Lalitha, Padmini, T. A. Madhuram|
|41||1949||Rathnakumar||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, MGR, P. Bhanumathi, T. A. Madhuram|
|42||1949||Pavalakkodi||Tamizh||T. R. Mahalingam|
|45||1949||Macha Rekai||Tamizh||T. R. Mahalingam, S. Varalakshmi, T. A. Madhuram|
|47||1949||Mangaiyarkkarasi||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, P. Kannamba, Anjali Devi, T. A. Madhuram|
|48||1949||Nallathambi||Tamizh||P. Bhanumathi, T. A. Madhuram||Zamindar|
|49||1948||Chandralekha||Tamizh||M. K. Radha, Ranjan, T. R. Rajakumari, T. A. Madhuram|
|50||1948||Samsara Nouka||Tamizh||only T. A. Madhuram|
|51||1947||Sri Valli||Tamizh||T. R. Mahalingam, Rukmini, T. A. Madhuram|
|52||1947||Paithiyakkaran||Tamizh||M. G. Ramachandran|
|53||1949||Pavalakkodi||Tamizh||T. R. Mahalingam, T. E. Varadhan, T. A. Madhuram|
|54||1947||Brahma Rishi Vishvamitra||Tamizh||The film was first released and did not perform well in box-office, then the comedy track was added|
|55||1947||Pankaja Valli||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, T. R. Rajakumari, T. A. Madhuram|
|56||1949||Krishna Bakthi||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, K. R. Ramaswamy, T. A. Madhuram|
|57||1947||Kannika||Tamizh||T. E. Varadhan, M. S. Sarojini, M. R. Santhanalakshmi, T. A. Madhuram|
|58||1946||Arthanari||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, T. R. Ramachandran, T. A. Madhuram|
|60||1944||Mahamaya||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, P. Kannamba, T. A. Madhuram|
|61||1945||Burma Rani||Tamizh||C. Honnappa Bhagavathar, K. L. V. Vasantha, T. A. Madhuram|
|62||1945||Baktha Kalathi||Tamizh||C. Honnappa Bhagavathar, K. Thavamani Devi, T. A. Madhuram|
|62||1945||Paranjothi||Tamizh||K. Sarangkapani, V. A. Chellappa, T. A. Madhuram|
|63||1945||Chow Chow – Kalikala Minor, School Drama, Soora Puli||Tamizh|
|64||1945||Saalivaahanan||Tamizh||Ranjan, T. R. Rajakumari, M. G. Ramachandran, T. A. Madhuram|
|65||1944||Raja Rajeshwari||Tamizh||C. Honnappa Bhagavathar, K. L. V. Vasantha||only T. A. Madhuram|
|67||1944||Haridas||Tamizh||For the first time in Tamil cinema history, Haridas ran successfully for 110 weeks in Chennai Broadway Talkies. Was screened from 16 October 1944 to 22 November 1946|
|68||1944||Poompavai||Tamizh||K. R. Ramaswamy, U. R. Jeevarathinam, T. A. Madhuram|
|69||1944||Bharthruhari||Tamizh||Serukulathur Sama, B. Jayamma|
|70||1944||Jagathalaprathapan||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, T. A. Madhuram|
|71||1944||Prabhavathi||Tamizh||C. Honnappa Bhagavathar, T. R. Rajakumari, T. A. Madhuram|
|75||1944||Harischandra||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, P. Kannamba|
|76||1943||Mangamma Sapatham||Tamizh||Ranjan, Vasundhara Devi, T. A. Madhuram|
|77||1943||Sivakavi||Tamizh||M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, S. Jayalakshmi, T. A. Madhuram|
|78||1943||Kubera Kuchela||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, T. A. Madhuram|
|79||1943||Arunthathi||Tamizh||C. Honnappa Bhagavathar, U. R. Jeevarathinam, T. A. Madhuram|
|82||1942||Manonmani||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, T. R. Rajakumari, T. A. Madhuram|
|83||1942||Prithiviraj||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, A. Sakunthala, T. A. Madhuram|
|84||1942||Panchamirtham (Naadaga Medai & Thiruvaazhatthaan)||Tamizh|
|85||1943||Dhaasippen or Jothi Malar||Tamizh||T. R. Mahalingam, M. G. Ramachandran, T. A. Madhuram|
|87||1942||Kannagi||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, P. Kannamba, T. A. Madhuram|
|88||1942||Krishna Pidaran||Tamizh||Kothamangalam Seenu, T. A. Madhuram|
|89||1942||Aaraiychi Mani or Manuneethi Cholan||Tamizh||P. B. Rangachari, M. R. Santhanalakshmi, T. A. Madhuram|
|91||1941||Vedha Vathi or Seetha Jananam||Tamizh||M. R. Krishnamoorthi, M. G. Ramachandran, T. A. Madhuram|
|92||1941||Chandra Hari||Tamizh||T. A. Madhuram|
|93||1941||Izhandha Kadhal||Tamizh||C. S. Jayaraman, T. A. Madhuram|
|94||1941||Ashok Kumar||Tamizh||M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar, M. G. Ramachandran|
|95||1941||Aryamala||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, T. A. Madhuram|
|96||1941||Alibabavum Narpadhu Thirudargalum||Tamizh||T. A. Madhuram|
|97||1940||Sakunthalai||Tamizh||M. S. Subbulakshmi, G. N. Balasubramaniam, T. A. Madhuram, T. S. Durairaj|
|98||1940||Parasuramar||Tamizh||U. R. Jeevarathinam, T. A. Madhuram|
|99||1940||Manimekalai or Bala Saniyasi||Tamizh||K. B. Sundarambal, Kothamangalam Seenu, T. A. Madhuram||In those days there were movies that had 2 titles|
|100||1940||Bhoologa Rambai||Tamizh||T. K. Shanmugam, K. L. V. Vasantha, T. A. Madhuram|
|101||1940||Sathi Murali||Tamizh||M. K. Radha, M. R. Santhanalakshmi, T. A. Madhuram|
|102||1942||Naveena Vikramadityan or Buddhimaan Balavaan Avaan||Tamizh||T. A. Madhuram|
|103||1940||Chandraguptha Chanakya||Tamizh||N. C. Vasanthakokilam, T. A. Madhuram|
|103||1940||Tharuthalai Thangavelu||Tamizh||T. A. Madhuram|
|104||1940||Naveena Tenali Raman||Tamizh||T. A. Madhuram|
|105||1940||Uthama Puthiran||Tamizh||P. U. Chinnappa, M. V. Rajamma, T. A. Madhuram|
|106||1940||Sirikkathe||Tamizh||Consist of five stories under one single title (an innovative idea in those days) the titles where:Adangka Pidari, Puli Vettai, Poli Panchali, Malai Kannan, Yama Vathanai|
|107||1940||Kalamegam||Tamizh||T. N. Rajarathnam, S. P. L. Dhanalakshmi, T. A. Madhuram|
|108||1939||Prahaladha||Tamizh||T. R. Mahalingam, M. R. Santhanalakshmi, R. Balasubramaniam, M. G. Ramachandran|
|109||1939||Rambaiyin Kaadhal||Tamizh||K. Sarangkapani, K. L. V. Vasantha, T. A. Madhuram|
|112||1939||Sri Math Ramalinga Swamigal||Tamizh|
|113||1939||Maya Machindra||Tamizh||M. K. Radha, M. G. Ramachandran|
|114||1939||Manikkavasagar||Tamizh||M. M. Dandapani Desikar|
|115||1939||Thiruneelakantar||Tamizh||M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar|
|116||1939||Aanandha Ashramam||Tamizh||P. B. Rangachari, C. V. V. Panthulu|
|117||1940||Krishna Toodhu||Tamizh||Serukulathur Sama, P. Kannamba, T. A. Madhuram|
|118||1938||Dakshayagnam||Tamizh||V. A. Chelappa, M. M. Radhabai|
|120||1936||Chandra Kantha||Tamizh||Kali N. Rathnam, P. U. Chinnappa|
|122||1937||Ambikapathy||Tamizh||M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar|
|123||1936||Vasantha Sena||Tamizh||V. A. Chellappa, S. P. L. Dhanalakshmi, M. S. Vijayal|
|124||1936||Sathi Leelavathi||Tamizh||M. K. Radha, MGR|
|125||1935||Menaka||Tamizh||T. K. Shanmugam, T. K. Baghavathi, T. K. Sankaran, T. K. Muthurswamy|
- Panam (1952) – Dialogues by M Karunanidhi
- Manamagal (1951) – Dialogues by M Karunanidhi
- Pelli Koothuru (1951)
- N.S. Krishnan at the Internet Movie Database
- Some of NSK's songs here
- Official website for Kalaivanar N S Krishnan