N165

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Coronation Rock
MarsCuriosityRover-CoronationRock-N165-20120817-crop.jpg
"Coronation" rock on Mars - first target of the ChemCam laser analyzer on the Curiosity rover (August 17, 2012).
Feature type Rock
Coordinates 4°35′S 137°26′E / 4.59°S 137.44°E / -4.59; 137.44Coordinates: 4°35′S 137°26′E / 4.59°S 137.44°E / -4.59; 137.44

N165 ("Coronation" rock) is a rock on the surface of Aeolis Palus in Gale Crater on the planet Mars near the landing site ("Bradbury Landing") of the Curiosity rover.[1][2] The "approximate" site coordinates are: 4°35′S 137°26′E / 4.59°S 137.44°E / -4.59; 137.44. On August 19, 2012, the rock was the first target of the rover's laser instrument, ChemCam,[1] which can analyze targets at a distance using a laser and spectrometer.[1] A Twitter feed for the rock was created, featuring an anthropomorphized account of its experiences.[3] Its posts include a humor themed mix of social interaction and Mars content such as "Did you know I was born in a volcano? Basalts like me come from lava. That's why we call it Olympus Mom".[3][4]

The goal of this initial use of the laser on Mars was to serve as target practice for characterizing the instrument. The rock was primarily selected for its proximity to the rover, rather than any intrinsic scientific value. The rock was lasered thirty times over ten seconds.[2] The mission's investigators thought the rock was a basalt prior to lasing, which was confirmed by preliminary results.[5][6] The ChemCam team reported positive results; they worked on the instrument for 8 years before getting to use it on Mars.[2]

Images[edit]

Panorama of rocks near the Curiosity Rover - near Bradbury Landing (August 9, 2012).

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Notable rocks on Mars
Adirondacksquare.jpg
PIA00819left-MarsRock-BarnacleBill.gif
PIA14762-MarsCuriosityRover-BathurstInletRock.jpg
MarsViking1Lander-BigJoeRock-19780211.jpg
Block Island.jpg
58606main image feature 167 jwfull.jpg
MarsCuriosityRover-CoronationRock-N165-20120817-crop.jpg
El Capitan sol27 pancam.jpg
Adirondack
(Spirit)
Barnacle Bill
(Sojourner)
Bathurst Inlet
(Curiosity)
Big Joe*
(Viking)
Block Island
(Opportunity) M
Bounce
(Opportunity)
Coronation
(Curiosity)
El Capitan
(Opportunity)
PIA17074-MarsOpportunityRover-EsperanceRock-20130223-fig1.jpg
PIA16187-MarsCuriosityRover-GoulburnRock-20120817-crop.jpg
PIA07269-Mars Rover Opportunity-Iron Meteorite.jpg
PIA09089-RA3-hirise-closeup annotated.png
PIA17062-MarsCuriosityRover-HottahRockOutcrop-20120915.jpg PIA16192-MarsCuriosityRover-Target-JakeRock-20120927.jpg
PIA05482 modest.jpg
NASA Curiosity rover - Link to a Watery Past (692149main Williams-2pia16188-43).jpg
Esperance*
(Opportunity)
Goulburn
(Curiosity)
Heat Shield
(Opportunity) M
Home Plate
(Spirit)
Hottah
(Curiosity)
Jake Matijevic
(Curiosity)
Last Chance
(Opportunity)
Link
(Curiosity)
Mackinac Island.jpg
Mars rock Mimi by Spirit rover.jpg
PIA13418 - Oileán Ruaidh meteorite on Mars (false colour).jpg
Pot of gold upclose.jpg
PIA16452-MarsCuriosityRover-Rocknest3Rock-20121005.jpg
391243main-MarsRover-ShelterIslandMeteorite-20091002-crop.jpg
PIA16795-MarsCuriosityRover-TintinaRock-Context-20130119.jpg
NASA-MarsRock-Yogi-SuperRes.jpg
Mackinac Island
(Opportunity) M
Mimi*
(Spirit)
Oileán Ruaidh
(Opportunity) M
Pot of Gold
(Spirit)
Rocknest 3
(Curiosity)
Shelter Island
(Opportunity) M
Tintina
(Curiosity)
Yogi
(Sojourner)
|(Notes: * = links to relevant article; M = Meteorite)