NA32 experiment

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NA32, "Investigation of Charm Production in Hadronic Interactions Using High - Resolution Silicon Detectors" was a research project at CERN. The project was approved on 18 November 1982, data taking completed on 20 August 1986 and the analysis of the results was formally considered finished on 20 August 1996. [1] The experiment was also known as ACCMOR, an acronym of the names of the collaborating research institutes which carried it out — the Amsterdam-Bristol-CERN-Cracow-Munich-Rutherford Collaboration,[2][3] which was also responsible for the WA3 experiment.

The experiment was designed to measure precisely the momentum of charged particles emerging from high energy hadron interactions and identify these particles over a large range of momenta. Experimental setup consists of two large spectrometer magnets, 48 planes of drift chambers arranged in several arms and 4 multicell threshold Cerenkov counters. A calorimeter at the end was used to measure the position and energy of photons and electrons.

The target region consisted of:

  1. A telescope of 7 silicon micro-strip detectors to measure the incoming beam.
  2. A forward vertex detector to track precisely secondary particles produced in high energy hadronic interactions.
  3. A 2.5 mm thick copper target.

Microstrip detectors used in the NA32 experiment come from three different sources: (i) most of the detectors used in the charm experiment were produced by J.Kemmer at the TU Munich following a technique developed earlier by Kemmer. (ii) In an early stage of the experiment (1982) 4 detectors in the beam telescope produced by ENERTEC, Strasbourg were used. (iii) In 1984 and 1985 two prototype detectors produced by MICRON, England were put into the experiment for specific tests.

The pixel size of the NA32 detectors was 22 x 22 μm, and the effective detector thickness ~15 μm. The relatively shallow active area lead to a very small signal demanding cooling and very low noise electronics. In the NA32 the data was read out at a rate of 1.5-3 MHz, allowing ~50 000 pixels to be read out in 16 ms.

NA32 proved that tracking using silicon microstrip detectors was a practical technique for resolving particle tracks over very short distances, and in particular for detecting short-lived particles down to half lives of fractions of picoseconds.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NA32". Greybook.cern.ch. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 
  2. ^ "Data record for "Active target trigger for charm search in NA32"". CERN document server. CERN. 
  3. ^ "Data record for "The ACCMOR Collaboration"". CERN document server. CERN. 
  4. ^ "European Organization for Nuclear Research : Experince with Si Detectors in NA32". Cds.cern.ch. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 

Further reading[edit]

A.Ali, P.Soeding. High Energy Electron-positron Physics, 1988. p. 373