NATO Strategic Airlift Capability
The Strategic Airlift Capability (SAC) is a consortium of 12 nations, 10 of which are member states of NATO and two of which are Partners For Peace, to pool resources to purchase and operate Boeing C-17 Globemaster III aircraft for joint strategic airlift purposes.
The SAC concept was originally intended to be operated in a fashion similar to NATO's E-3 AWACS aircraft program, but is independent of NATO command. Unlike the NATO AWACS program, SAC does not require the unanimous agreement among its partners for operations. Flight hours and mission assignments are determined by a steering committee chaired by a general officer of the United States Air Force.
The operational organization of SAC is the Heavy Airlift Wing, a multi-national force based in Hungary and commanded by a colonel of a member nation. Nearly all operational aircraft maintenance is provided by a 50-man contractor team provided by Boeing. Each SAC nation jointly owns a share of the SAC aircraft, currently three in number, and acquires total annual flight hours according to its own contribution share that it may use at its own national discretion.
The Strategic Airlift Capability (SAC) concept originated at NATO HQ in mid-2006. NATO officials and national representatives envisaged a partnered solution that would satisfy a need for strategic airlift for member states without the economic resources to field a permanent capability. Originally this idea was called the NATO Strategic Airlift Capability (NSAC). In October 2006 the first non-NATO nation joined the initiative and the concept changed its name to the SAC and moved outside the Alliance.
Member states are NATO members Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and the United States of America, and Partnership for Peace countries Finland and Sweden. The SAC's initial participants also included the Czech Republic, Denmark, Italy, and Latvia, which withdrew after Hungary, Finland, Norway and Sweden signed the Letter of Intent. On 23 September 2008 the Memorandum Of Understanding came into effect.
The MOU regulates the participation of the two Partnership for Peace (PfP) nations in NATO Airlift Management Organisation (NAMO) and formally established the SAC program to acquire, manage and support three C-17 Globemaster III airlifters. The MOU also directs the formation of the Heavy Airlift Wing (HAW) to operate the aircraft from Papa Air Base in central Hungary, and provides for the other assets needed to meet national requirements of the SAC member countries. NAMO's executing agency for the MOU is the NATO Airlift Management Agency (NAMA). The NAMA was activated in October 2008 and immediately began the process of supporting HAW's activation of Papa AB, and acquiring the C-17 aircraft and their support from the USA under Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program of the US Air Force.
A unique feature of the SAC program is its aviation safety certification system. This system called the Concept of Total Aviation Safety (CONTAS) is based upon a heavily adapted version of the US Air Force's C-17 safety system, the principles of design and operation of heavy airlift aircraft as described by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), and the mandatory requirements of the Hungarian National Transport Authority who are the national authority that registers the aircraft and certifies the operations of the HAW, and the support provided by NAMA. This system has been accepted by all the SAC nations and as such is one of the World's first true multi-national military aviation safety systems.
The Strategic Airlift Interim Solution (SALIS) is a similar agreement between 14 nations, the 12 NATO participants (Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Luxembourg, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain) and 2 participants within the Partnership for Peace program (Finland, Sweden). The program leases a number of Antonov An-124 aircraft permanently for NATO missions which might occur. The aircraft are contracted from the Volga-Dnepr heavylift company and from Antonov Airlines.
The HAW aircraft can respond to a wide selection of airlift needs. The operations can include national support to EU / NATO / UN operations or national military, peacekeeping and humanitarian relief operations wherever and whenever needed by the partner nations.
Examples of operations supported include International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan (2009–), NATO operations in Libya (2011), earthquake relief in Haiti (2010), flood relief in Pakistan (2010) and support to the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) actions in Mali taken according to the UN Security Council Resolution (2013).
01 F-207/SAC-1 C/N 50208
02 F-210/SAC-2 C/N 50211
03 F-211/SAC-3 C/N 50212
- Boeing Delivers 12-Nation Strategic Airlift Capability’s 1st C-17 Globemaster III
- "Military Aircraft Serial Review", On Dutch Wings, Military Aircraft Serial Review, 2008.
- Strategic Airlift Interim Solution (SALIS)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Strategic Airlift Capability Program.|
- NATO Strategic Airlift Capability
- Background — Airlifters — NATO’s SALIS Contract (Simon Fraser University)
- NATO Airlift Management Agency