The Former Yugoslavia
The first NATO peacekeeping mission has its roots on February 28, 1994, when the organization authorized U.S. fighters to fire on Serbian planes violating the no-fly zone over the former Yugoslavia. Previously, NATO had limited itself to solving conflicts within its member states; this operation marked a shift as the alliance worked to keep the peace in regions of Eastern Europe, which was considered to be an "out-of-area deployment." In December 1995, NATO sent an unprecedented 60,000 troops to ensure that all sides would abide by the Dayton accords, which was replaced by a smaller force of 32,000 troops a year later.
Under a UN mandate, a NATO-led force Implementation Force (IFOR) entered Bosnia in order to implement The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In a similar manner, a NATO operation (Kosovo Force, or KFOR) continues in the Serbian province of Kosovo.
NATO Afghanistan Operations
NATO former Yugoslavia Operations
- British American Security Information Council, NATO, Peacekeeping, and the United Nations, Report 94.1, http://www.bits.de/public/pdf/report94-1.pdf
- NATO Review, Lessons Learned, Vol. 49 - No. 2 Summer 2001 p. 12-15, http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2001/0102-03.htm
- Congressional Research Service, Bosnia and the European Union Military Force (EUFOR): Post-NATO Peacekeeping, http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS21774.pdf
- BBC News, Nato's Afghanistan troop dilemma, 26 December 2005, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4526150.stm
- Paul F. Diehl, "Problems with NATO's Peace Operations in Afghanistan", ACDIS Swords and Ploughshares 16:2 (summer 2008), Program in Arms Control, Disarmament, and International Security (ACDIS) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
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