The NCAABowling Championship is a sanctioned women's championship in college athletics. Unlike other NCAA sports, only one championship is held each season with teams from Division I, Division II, and Division III competing together. It was first held in April of 2004. The collegiate bowling season runs during the winter, and the championship is typically held each April. The current format used for the NCAA Bowling Championship begins with qualifying rounds in which each team bowls one five-person regular team game against each of the other seven teams participating in the championship for a total of seven games. Teams will be seeded for bracket play based on their win-loss record during the qualifying rounds. Teams will then compete in best-of-seven-games Baker matches in a double elimination tournament. In the Baker format, each of the five team members, in order, bowls a complete frame until a complete (10-frame) game is bowled. A Baker match tied 3½ games to 3½ games after seven games will be decided by a tiebreaker using the Modified Baker format, which is the last five frames (frames 6 to 10).
The most successful team are the Nebraska Cornhuskers with 4 titles. The reigning champions are Sam Houston State, who denied Nebraska a record fifth title in the 2014 championship held in Wickliffe, Ohio. This is Sam Houston State's first bowling championship and its first NCAA title in any sport since becoming a Division I member in 1986.
Nebraska, Maryland Eastern Shore, and Central Missouri have qualified for all 11 NCAA Bowling Championships held to date.
^Nebraska had to win two best-of-seven matchups against Central Missouri (who advanced to the finals after going undefeated in Friday's double elimination format) to win the first NCAA bowling title. Nebraska won the first match 4-2 (183-176, 168-200, 195-170, 212-212 (60-40), 168-203, 246-195) to force the winner-take-all match.
^Under the same double elimination format used in 2004, Nebraska went undefeated, winning three matches on Friday, meaning they only had to win once (out of a possible two best-of-seven matches) against Central Missouri to win the NCAA Bowling Championship. Nebraska needed only one best-of-seven match-up to win their second straight NCAA Bowling title.
^Fairleigh Dickinson (only team undefeated, 3-0 after Friday's double elimination matches) needed only one best-of-seven match (out of a possible two matches) to defeat Alabama A&M.
^The double elimination format was tweaked in 2007 and subsequently every NCAA Bowling Championships have used this format since. Under the previous double elimination format used from 2004-2006, the finalist with one loss already had to defeat the undefeated finalist twice in best-of-seven matches to win the bowling championship. Beginning in 2007, two teams that win two best-of-seven matches advance to the semifinals. The two undefeated teams would only need to win once out a possible two matches to advance to the final. In the 2007 championships, Vanderbilt and Maryland Eastern Shore won two matches to advance to the semifinals. Both teams only needed one match to advance to the best-of-seven finals match.