National Crime Records Bureau
|Formed||11 March 1986|
|Jurisdiction||Government of India|
|Headquarters||East Block-7, R.K. Puram, New Delhi|
|Motto||Empowering Indian Police with Information Technology|
|Agency executives||Shafi Alam, Director General
P.R.K. Naidu, Joint Director
|Parent department||Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)|
|Key document||Creation of NCRB (Notification)|
The National Crime Records Bureau, abbreviated to NCRB, is an Indian government agency responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC). As an attached office of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India, NCRB is headquartered in New Delhi. NCRB is mandated to empower the Indian Police with Information Technology for modernization of Indian Police. It provides the investigating Officers with the tools, technologies and information to facilitate faster and more accurate investigation of crime and detection of criminals.
As per the government Resolution dated 11.3.1986 the following objectives were set for the NCRB:
- To function as a clearing house of information on crime and criminals including those operating at National and International levels so as to assists the investigators, and others in linking crimes to their perpetrators.
- To store, coordinate and disseminate information on inter-state and international criminals from and to respective States, national investigating agencies, courts and prosecutors in India without having to refer to the Police Station records.
- To collect and process crime statistics at the National level.
- To receive from and supply data to penal and correctional agencies for their tasks of rehabilitation of criminals, their remand, parole, premature release etc.
- To coordinate, guide and assist the functioning of the State Crime Records Bureaux
- To provide training facilities to personnel of the Crime Records bureaux, and
- To evaluate, develop and modernise crime Records Bureaux
- Executive and develop computer based systems for the Central Police Organisations - and also cater to their data processing and training needs for computerization.
- To function as the National storehouse of fingerprint (FP) records of convicted persons including FP records of foreign criminals.
- To help trace inter state criminals by fingerprint search.
- To advise Central and State Governments on matters related to fingerprints and footprints, and to conduct training courses for finger print experts.
NCRB has been having its own fingerprint centre for a long time. This is used for forensic science and criminal testing & record purpose. Lab was used manual technique to identifies fingerprint.
NCRB has its own developed software to prepare suspected human sketch for identification. With the help of inputs from eyewitness operator prepare sketch.
Police officer Training Center
NCRB has its own training center for providing training to Police officer. Periodically center provides many training to IPS and other officers from all over India and Law Enforcement Officers from foreign countries also.
The Ministry of Home Affairs assigned the work of collection, compiling and analyzing the statistics of prison institutions throughout India to the NCRB in March 1995, with the intention of creating a comprehensive source of information about prisons in India. The Bureau designed a questionnaire which included all important activities of prisons to rationalize and standardize the process of data collection in the country. All States and union territories were requested to furnish the information asked for in the standardized questionnaire. The Bureau published its first report in June 1998, which contained prisons statistics for 1995. Seventeen States and 6 UTs responded to the questionnaire for the report. the remaining 8 and 1 UT did not provide any information. The 1995 report on prison institutions in those regions was based on the "limited information" available to the NCRB.