NC State Wolfpack football
|NC State Wolfpack|
|Head coach||Dave Doeren
2nd year, 6–9 (.400)
|Home stadium||Carter–Finley Stadium|
|Location||Raleigh, North Carolina|
|All-time record||563–542–55 (.509)|
|Postseason bowl record||14–12–1 (.537)|
|Conference titles||11 (7 ACC, 1 Southern)|
Red and White
|Fight song||NC State Fight Song|
|Mascot||Mr. and Ms. Wuf|
|Marching band||The Power Sound of the South|
|Rivals||North Carolina Tar Heels
East Carolina Pirates
Wake Forest Demon Deacons
Duke Blue Devils
The NC State Wolfpack football team represents North Carolina State University in the sport of American football. The Wolfpack competes in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the Atlantic Division of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC). The team is currently coached by Dave Doeren. Prior to joining the ACC in 1953, the Wolfpack were a member of the Southern Conference. As a member of the ACC, the Wolfpack has won seven conference championships and participated in 25 bowl games, of which the team has won thirteen.
Since 1966 the Wolfpack has played its home games in Carter-Finley Stadium. On September 16, 2010 NC State restored the tradition of having a live mascot on the field as a wolf-like Tamaskan Dog named "Tuffy" was on the sidelines for the Cincinnati game in Raleigh, North Carolina. Ever since then, Tuffy has not missed a Wolfpack football game in Carter-Finley Stadium.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Early History (1892-1936)
- 1.2 Williams Newton era (1937-1943)
- 1.3 Beattie Feathers era (1944-1951)
- 1.4 Horace Hendrickson era (1952-1953)
- 1.5 Earle Edwards era (1954-1970)
- 1.6 Al Michaels era (1971)
- 1.7 Lou Holtz era (1972-1975)
- 1.8 Bo Rein era (1976-1979)
- 1.9 Monte Kiffin era (1980-1982)
- 1.10 Tom Reed era (1983-1985)
- 1.11 Dick Sheridan era (1986-1992)
- 1.12 Mike O'Cain era (1993-1999)
- 1.13 Chuck Amato era (2000-2006)
- 1.14 Tom O'Brien era (2007-2012)
- 1.15 Dave Doeren era (2013-present)
- 2 Culture
- 3 Rivalries
- 4 Team achievements
- 5 Individual honors
- 5.1 List of All-Americans
- 5.2 First-Team Walter Camp All-Americans
- 5.3 NCAA District III Coach of the Year
- 5.4 NCAA Region I Coach of the Year
- 5.5 Lou Groza Award
- 5.6 Outland Trophy
- 5.7 Jack Tatum Award
- 5.8 Retired Football Jerseys
- 5.9 Wolfpack in the NFL Draft
- 6 Current coaching staff
- 7 Head coaching history
- 8 Future non-conference opponents
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early History (1892-1936)
NC State (then known as The North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts) played its first football game against a team from the Raleigh Male Academy on March 12, 1892 in what is now Pullen Park. The Aggies, whose colors were blue and pink, won 12-6 in front of more than 200 spectators. The following year, the school played its first intercollegiate game: a 12-6 victory over Tennessee College. The program's long-standing rivalry with nearby University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill began on October 12, 1894 with a 44-0 UNC victory in Chapel Hill. Eight days later, the team (then called the Farmers) lost again to UNC, 16-0 in Raleigh. In 1895, under third-year coach Bart Gatling, the team wore red and white uniforms for the first time. Over the next five seasons the program continued to try to establish itself, achieving only one winning season during the period. The football team has also only had scholarship football players since 1933, prior to that all Wolfpack athletics consisted entirely of non-scholarship student athletes.
In 1906, in a game against Randolph-Macon in Raleigh, the Farmers attempted their first forward pass, a play that had only recently become legal and at the time was still considered a "trick" play. The following season was the program's most successful yet. Under coach Mickey Whitehurst, A&M won the South Atlantic Intercollegiate Athletic Association championship with a 6–0–1 record. That season, the program also recorded its first ever victory over Virginia. The Farmers played their home games that season on campus at the New Athletic Park, which would later be known as Riddick Stadium. In addition to Pullen Park, the state fairgrounds had hosted some games prior to the opening of the new stadium.
The team won a second South Atlantic championship in 1910 under coach Edward Green, finishing with a record of 4–0–2. A win over Virginia Tech in Norfolk that season was dubbed the "biggest game ever played in the South". Coach Green led team to a third conference championship in 1913, with a record of 6–1.
The 1918 season was cut short due to the United States' entrance into World War I and a severe flu outbreak on campus. The team's roster was depleted, its schedule reduced to four games, and practice was suspended for five weeks in October and November. A week after practice resumed, State College, as the school was then called, led by coach Tal Stafford, was defeated 128-0 by Georgia Tech in Atlanta. Tackle John Ripple was named the program's first All-American. The following season, on October 23, the Farmers resumed play with North Carolina after a 14-year hiatus. The Tar Heels won the game 13-12 in Raleigh. It wasn't until 1920 that A&M defeated the rival Tar Heels for the first time.
In 1921 State College began wearing red sweaters and were referred to by the local media as the Wolfpack. The program joined the Southern Conference that year and would win the conference title six seasons later under coach Gus Tebell. The 1930 season saw the installation of field lighting at Riddick Stadium, as the Wolfpack defeated High Point University, 37-0, in the team's first ever night game.
Williams Newton era (1937-1943)
Williams Newton took over as State's head coach in 1937, and under his tutelage the team compiled a record of 24–39–6. Under Newton, State employed a ground-oriented, hard nose attack that put pressure on the opposing interior linemen. Newton left NC State after seven seasons to accept the head football coach position at South Carolina.
Beattie Feathers era (1944-1951)
In 1944, State hired Beattie Feathers as head coach. Feathers, a former star at Tennessee and the first NFL running back to rush for 1,000 yards in a season, compiled a 37–38–8 record in eight seasons, the program's most successful coaching tenure yet. In Feathers' second season, Wolfpack defensive player Howard "Touchdown" Turner returned an interception 105 yards against Duke, a record that still stands as the longest play in Wolfpack history. The 1946 season began with wins over Duke and Clemson, earning the program their first appearance in the UPI poll (19th). 1947 saw the Wolfpack reach their first ever bowl game, the second annual Gator Bowl. The team lost to Oklahoma, 34-13, and finished the season at 8–3, the highest win total since finishing 9–1 in 1927. The Wolfpack's first ever nationally televised game was played in 1950. State defeated eight-ranked Maryland 16-13 in College Park.
Horace Hendrickson era (1952-1953)
Horace Hendrickson was promoted from assistant coach to head coach after Feathers' departure. Under Hendrickson's tutelage, the Wolfpack struggled, compiling a record of 4–16. Hendrickson was fired after two seasons due to the team's struggles.
Earle Edwards era (1954-1970)
Earle Edwards was hired as the team's head coach before the 1954 season. Edwards had previously been an assistant at Michigan State under Biggie Munn and at Penn State under Bob Higgins. Edwards' teams compiled a record of 77–88–8. Edwards is the longest tenured coach in NC State Wolfpack football history and holds the program records for games coached, wins, and losses. His teams won five Atlantic Coast Conference titles and made two Liberty Bowl appearances. Four times he was named the ACC Coach of the Year. Edwards produced eight All-Americans: Dick Christy, halfback (1957), Roman Gabriel, quarterback (1960, 1961), Don Montgomery, defensive end (1963), Dennis Byrd, defensive tackle (1966, 1967), Fred Combs, defensive back (1967), Gerald Warren, kicker (1967), Ron Carpenter, defensive tackle (1968), and Cary Metts, center, (1968). Though Edwards' tenure wasn't overly successful from a record standpoint, it was the most successful tenure of any head coach to that point and laid the foundation for future successes to occur.
Edwards retired after seventeen seasons as the Wolfpack's head football coach.
Al Michaels era (1971)
After Edwards' retirement, State promoted Al Michaels from assistant coach to head coach. Things didn't pan out for Michaels, as the Wolfpack compiled a 3–8 record in his only year as head coach. Michaels was fired after just one season.
Lou Holtz era (1972-1975)
In 1972, State hired Lou Holtz away from William & Mary as head coach. Holtz had a 33–12–3 record in four seasons at NC State. His Wolfpack teams played in four bowl games, going 2–1–1. Holtz's 1972 team finished 8–3–1, won the Peach Bowl and finished the season ranked #17 in the final AP poll. Holtz's 1973 team finished 9–3, won the Liberty Bowl and finished the season ranked #16 in the final AP poll. The 1974 team finished 9–2–1, tied in the Bluebonnet Bowl and finished the season ranked #9 in the Coaches' poll and #11 in the AP poll.
Bo Rein era (1976-1979)
When Holtz moved on, Bo Rein, previously offensive coordinator at Arkansas, became the youngest college football head coach upon his hiring by North Carolina State. Guiding the Wolfpack football team, Rein was an advocate of the coaching philosophy of Ohio State's Woody Hayes for whom Rein played. During Rein's four years at NC State, he led the team to two bowl games, defeating Iowa State in the 1977 Peach Bowl and defeating the Pittsburgh in the 1978 Tangerine Bowl. In Rein's final year at NC State, his team won the Atlantic Coast Conference championship. Among Rein's top players at NC State were Outland Trophy winner Jim Ritcher, a center for the Wolfpack who later started at guard on four Super Bowl teams with the Buffalo Bills, and linebacker Bill Cowher, who later served as head coach of the NFL's Pittsburgh Steelers for 15 seasons and won Super Bowl XL.
Following the 1979 season, Rein resigned as head football coach at State to accept the same position at LSU, but Rein died tragically in a plane crash before ever coaching a game for the Tigers.
Following every season, the NC State football team awards the "Bo Rein Award" to a player that makes a vital contribution in an unsung role.
Monte Kiffin era (1980-1982)
After Rein's departure, NC State hired Arkansas defensive coordinator Monte Kiffin as head coach. Kiffin served three seasons at State and his teams compiled a 16–17 record. Kiffin's defensive coordinator during his three seasons at NCSU was Pete Carroll. Kiffin decided to leave NCSU after three seasons to pursue coaching opportunities in the NFL.
Tom Reed era (1983-1985)
Tom Reed was hired away from Miami (OH) to take over as head coach of the Wolfpack after Kiffin's departure. State struggled under Reed's leadership, posting three consecutive 3–8 yearly records en route to a 9–24 overall mark. Under mounting pressure from fans, alumni and the school administration, Reed resigned after the 1985 season.
Dick Sheridan era (1986-1992)
State chose Dick Sheridan, head coach at Furman, to take over as head coach of the Wolfpack football program in late 1986. Under the tutelage of coach Sheridan, the Wolfpack compiled a record of 52–29–3. State made six bowl appearances (two wins) and finished ranked in either the AP or Coaches poll three times.
Sheridan retired unexpectedly after seven seasons, citing health concerns and emotional issues.
Mike O'Cain era (1993-1999)
Mike O'Cain was promoted from quarterbacks coach to head coach after Sheridan's retirement. Under O'Cain, the Wolfpack compiled a record of 41–40. O'Cain's seven-year tenure saw three bowl appearances, including a win in the 1994 Peach Bowl.
Despite mostly winning seasons, O'Cain's 1995 and 1996 teams finished with 3–8 records, and although the Wolfpack finished 6–5, 7–5 and 6–6 the next three years, State went 0–7 against archrival North Carolina and fielded mediocre football teams. NCSU fired O'Cain after the 1999 season.
Chuck Amato era (2000-2006)
In 2000, longtime college football assistant and NCSU alum Chuck Amato was hired as State's head football coach. Although Amato had no head coaching or coordinating experience, NCSU felt that Amato's eighteen-year tenure as defensive line coach under Bobby Bowden at Florida State, winning two national championships, would help boost recruiting, ticket sales, and program prestige.
Amato accumulated an overall record of 49–37, including a record of 34–17 during the four-year period from 2000 through 2003 while Philip Rivers was the Wolfpack's starting quarterback. Amato's most successful season was in 2002 when the Wolfpack defeated Notre Dame in the Gator Bowl to cap off an 11–win season in which his team finished ranked #12 in the AP poll.
After Philip Rivers graduated and left for the NFL, NC State finished 5–6 in 2004, 7–5 in 2005, and 3–9 in 2006. On November 26, 2006, Amato was fired by NC State athletics director Lee Fowler after a seven–game losing streak capped off the 2006 season. Noted losses include an upset by Akron, a third straight loss to archrival North Carolina, and a loss at home to East Carolina. Highlights of the 2006 season include wins against Boston College and Florida State. In a statement, Fowler acknowledged Amato's "excitement and enthusiasm." This enthusiasm fueled an $87 million renovation to Carter-Finley Stadium. Nonetheless, mediocre 2005 and 2006 seasons led to the decision "to take the program in a new direction."
Tom O'Brien era (2007-2012)
Tom O'Brien was hired away from Boston College and named NCSU head football coach in December 2006. He inherited a team that had gone 3–9 and lost its last seven games. In his first year, after opening the season 1–5, his team pulled together and won four straight games, including a win over 18th-ranked Virginia and tough road wins at East Carolina and Miami. Despite the slow start, his first Wolfpack squad went into the season finale with a bowl bid on the line.
The 2008 season will go down as one of the best of O'Brien's tenure, as the Wolfpack became the first in Atlantic Coast Conference history to start the season 0–4 in league play and finish 4–0. The bid to the Papajohns.com Bowl marked the ninth bowl invitation in the past 10 years for O'Brien. His freshman quarterback, Russell Wilson, who would go on to become a Super Bowl winning quarterback for the NFL's Seattle Seahawks, became the first rookie in the history of the Atlantic Coast Conference to be named first-team all-conference at his position and it marked the sixth time in his 19 years in the league that a quarterback under O'Brien's tutelage was named the All-ACC signal caller.
After being picked to finish fourth in the Atlantic Division in the preseason in 2010, the Wolfpack finished tied for second, was one game away from playing for an ACC title and was the third league team picked in the bowl selections. O'Brien's squad was the first Wolfpack team to garner nine wins since 2003 posted State’s first winning season in five years. With the Champs Sports Bowl victory over West Virginia, the 2010 squad tied the second highest win total in school history while finishing 9-4.
On November 25, 2012, O'Brien received notice from NC State that he had been dismissed effective immediately despite navigating the team to a 7–5 regular-season record. Athletic director Debbie Yow cited several reasons. She was concerned over lagging season-ticket sales, as well as his approach to recruiting. O'Brien's recruiting classes were frequently in the bottom half of the nation, and Yow wanted a coach who could bring top 25-type talent to Raleigh. NCSU was obligated to pay $1.2 million of non-state funds to O'Brien, as his contract ran through the 2015 season. However, NCSU ended up only having to pay O'Brien $200,000 after the buyout was renegotiated so he could become an assistant at Virginia.
Dave Doeren era (2013-present)
On December 1, 2012, Debbie Yow announced that Northern Illinois head coach Dave Doeren would be the new head coach of the Wolfpack. His total annual salary is $1.8 million. In Doeren's first season at the helm, the Wolfpack compiled a record of 3–9.
From 1891 until 1907, the school's first teams played on the open fields that surrounded campus, either at Pullen Park, at the old North Carolina State Fairgrounds or on the farm tracts on the "other" side of the railroad tracks. In 1907, faculty members, alumni and students began collecting money to enclose a large tract of land behind the Main Building that would become the home of the football and baseball teams. The Aggies played their first game there against Randolph Macon, recording a 20-0 win. Wooden grandstands slowly rose on the site, and it was named Riddick Field in 1912, after popular professor W.C. Riddick, who is remembered as the father of athletics at the school.
Carter-Finley Stadium is the current home to the football team. It was opened in 1966 and now has a seating capacity of 57,583 seats.
The stadium replaced the obsolete on-campus Riddick Stadium and was originally named Carter Stadium, in honor of Harry C. & Wilbert J. "Nick" Carter, both graduates of the university. They were major contributors to the original building of the stadium. The name of Albert E. Finley, another major contributor to the University, was added in 1978.
Carter-Finley has been the home to some of the school’s most decorated athletes: Gerald Warren, Dennis Byrd, the Buckey twins (Don and Dave), ACC-career rushing leader Ted Brown, Joe McIntosh, Erik Kramer, Jamie Barnette, Torry Holt, ACC-passing leader Philip Rivers, NFL No. 1 pick Mario Williams, and Russell Wilson.
Since the 1960s the Wolfpack has been represented at athletic events by its mascots, Mr. and Ms. Wuf. In print, the 'Strutting Wolf' is used and is known by the name 'Tuffy.' In September 2010, a purebred Tamaskan Dog became the new "Tuffy" Live Mascot.
|Rival||First Meeting||Series Leader||Series Record|
|Duke Blue Devils||1924||Duke||36–41–5|
|East Carolina Pirates||1970||NC State||16–11–0|
|North Carolina Tar Heels||1894||North Carolina||32–63–6|
|Wake Forest Demon Deacons||1895||NC State||62–36–6|
|Year||Conference||Head Coach||Overall Record||Conference Record|
|1907||South Atlantic Intercollegiate Athletic Association||Mickey Whitehurst||6–0–1||5–0–0|
|1910||South Atlantic Intercollegiate Athletic Association||Eddie Green||4–0–2||2–0–2|
|1913||South Atlantic Intercollegiate Athletic Association||Eddie Green||6–1–0||3–0–0|
|1927||Southern Conference||Gus Tebell||9–1–0||4–0–0|
|1957||Atlantic Coast Conference||Earle Edwards||7–1–2||5–0–1|
|1963||Atlantic Coast Conference||Earle Edwards||8–3–0||6–1–0|
|1964||Atlantic Coast Conference||Earle Edwards||5–5–0||5–2–0|
|1965||Atlantic Coast Conference||Earle Edwards||6–4–0||5–2–0|
|1968||Atlantic Coast Conference||Earle Edwards||6–4–0||6–1–0|
|1973||Atlantic Coast Conference||Lou Holtz||9–3–0||6–0–0|
|1979||Atlantic Coast Conference||Bo Rein||7–4–0||5–1–0|
|11 Conference Championships|
Final poll rankings
|Year||Record||Final AP Poll Rank||Final Coaches Poll Rank|
|15 Years||12 Final Appearances||11 Final Appearances|
Year By Year Results
|Conference champions†||Conference co-champions‡||Division co-champions♦||Bowl game berth^||Shared standing T|
List of All-Americans
All records per NC State Athletics.
- John Ripple, Tackle (1918)
- Mack Stout (1930)
- Steve Sabol, Center (1935)
- Ed "Ty" Coon, Tackle (1938, 1939)
- Elmer Costa, Tackle (1949, 1950)
- Dick Christy, Halfback (1957)
- Roman Gabriel, Quarterback (1960, 1961)
- Don Montgomery, Defensive End (1963)
- Dennis Byrd, Defensive Tackle (1966, 1967)
- Fred Combs, Defensive Back (1967)
- Gerald Warren, Kicker (1967)
- Ron Carpenter, Defensive Tackle (1968)
- Carey Metts, Center (1968)
- Bill Yoest, Guard (1973)
- Stan Fritts, Fullback (1974)
- Don Buckey, Split End (1975)
- Johnny Evans, Punter (1977)
- Ted Brown, Running Back (1978)
- Jim Ritcher, Center (1978, 1979)
- Vaughan Johnson, Linebacker (1983)
- Nasrallah Worthen, Wide Receiver (1986, 1988)
- Jesse Campbell, Strong Safety (1989, 1990)
- Mike Reid, Strong Safety (1992)
- Sebastian Savage, Cornerback (1992)
- Steve Videtich, Kicker (1994)
- Marc Primanti, Placekicker (1996)
- Torry Holt, Wide Receiver (1998)
- Lloyd Harrison, Cornerback (1998, 1999)
- Koren Robinson, Wide Receiver (2000)
- Levar Fisher, Linebacker (2000)
- Terrence Holt, Free Safety (2002)
- Mario Williams, Defensive End (2005)
- Nate Irving, Linebacker (2010)
- David Amerson, Cornerback (2011)
First-Team Walter Camp All-Americans
- Dennis Byrd, Defensive End (1967)
- Bill Yoest, Guard (1973)
- Jim Ritcher, Center (1979)
- David Amerson, Cornerback (2011)
NCAA District III Coach of the Year
NCAA Region I Coach of the Year
- Dick Sheridan - 1986
Lou Groza Award
Jack Tatum Award
Retired Football Jerseys
- Philip Rivers, #17
- Roman Gabriel, #18
- Ted Brown, #23
- Dick Christy, #40
- Jim Ritcher, #51
- Bill Yoest, #63
- Dennis Byrd,# 77
- Tory Holt, #81
- Russell Wilson, #16
- Mario Williams, #9
Wolfpack in the NFL Draft
Number 1 Overall Picks
- 1962 - Roman Gabriel - QB - Oakland Raiders in the 1962 AFL Draft (signed with the Los Angeles Rams of the NFL.)
- 2006 - Mario Williams - DE - Houston Texans
Draftees since 1999
Current coaching staff
|Dave Doeren||Head Coach|
|Matt Canada||Offensive Coordinator/Quarterbacks|
|Dave Huxtable||Defensive Coordinator|
|Eddie Faulkner||Tight Ends/Fullbacks/Special Teams Coor.|
|Frisman Jackson||Wide Receivers|
|Des Kitchings||Running Backs/Recruiting Coor.|
|George Barlow (American football)||Cornerbacks|
|Ryan Nielsen||Defensive Line/Run-Game Coor. for Defense|
|Mike Uremovich||Offensive Line|
|Clayton White||Safeties/Co-Special Teams Coordinator|
|Bill Nayes||Director of Football Operations|
|Jason Veltkamp||Strength & Conditioning Coach for Football|
|Henry Trevathan||Director of High School Relations|
|Joe McKillip||Assistant Director of Football Operations|
|Timothy A. Rabas||Assistant Strength & Conditioning Coach|
Head coaching history
|Years||Head Coach||ACC Record||Overall Record||Percentage|
|1892, 1896–97||Perrin Busbee||—||3–2–0||.600|
|1905||George S. Whitney||—||4–1–1||.750|
|1917, 1921–23||Harry Hartsell||—||16–18–4||.474|
|1930||John Van Liew||—||2–8–0||.200|
|33 Head Coaches||200–199–8||554–541–55||.506|
Future non-conference opponents
|vs Troy||vs Notre Dame||at Troy||vs West Virginia||at West Virginia||vs Mississippi State||at Mississippi State||at East Carolina||vs Western Carolina|
|at Old Dominion||at East Carolina||at Notre Dame||at Marshall||vs Western Carolina||vs Delaware||vs Furman||vs Charleston Southern|
|at South Alabama||vs Old Dominion||vs Furman||vs Georgia State||vs Ball State||vs Notre Dame|
|vs Eastern Kentucky||vs William & Mary||vs Marshall||vs James Madison||vs East Carolina|
- "NCSU recruits new mascot to prowl sidelines". News & Observer. September 16, 2010.
- "NC State Football's History of Success". GoPack.com. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- "North Carolina State Yearly Results, 1892-1894". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- "North Carolina State Yearly Results, 1905-1908". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- 2010 NC State Wolfpack Media Guide
- "Program Spotlight: Earle Edwards". GoPack.com. 2007-09-05. Retrieved 2011-01-05.
- "Player Bio: Lou Holtz". CSTV. Retrieved December 1, 2009.
- "Tom O'Brien Bio". NC State. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- "2010 Champs Sports Bowl Media Guide". NC State. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- Vannini, Chris. "Breaking: Tom O'Brien returning to Virginia as assistant coach". CoachingSearch.com. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
- "Doeren's contract details potential bonuses, perks". Raleigh, N.C.: WRAL. 6 December 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- "Maintaining a sense of place and history". NC State. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- Tuffy's mascot tryout at game pleases N.C. State officials September 2010
- NC State to use Tamaskan Dog for Mascot September 2010
- The Cutest Live College Mascots September 2010
- Tuffy Tamaskan September 2010
- Tuffy's Page October 2010
-  North Carolina State Records by Team
-  College Football Data Warehouse: North Carolina State Composite Championship Listing
-  2008 Football Media Guide: Wolfpack History
-  College Football Data Warehouse: North Carolina State In the Polls
- "NC State Football's History of Success". NC State. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
-  NC State Players in the NFL
- "NC State Football Coaches". Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- "North Carolina State All-Time Scores." ESPN College Football Encyclopedia. 2005.
- "North Carolina State Wolfpack future schedules". fbschedules.com. Retrieved 2014-08-04.