National Movement for Stability and Progress

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National Movement for Stability and Progress
Leader Hristina Hristova
Founder Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Founded April 2001
Headquarters Sofia
Ideology Liberalism[1]
Populism[2][3][4]
Political position Centre[5]
International affiliation Liberal International
European affiliation Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
European Parliament group Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Colours Yellow
National Assembly:
0 / 240
European Parliament:
0 / 17
Website
http://www.ndsv.bg/
Politics of Bulgaria
Political parties
Elections

The National Movement for Stability and Progress (Bulgarian: Национално движение за стабилност и възход (НДСВ) or Natsionalno dvizhenie za stabilnost i vazhod, NDSV), until 3 June 2007 known as the National Movement Simeon II (the acronym in Bulgarian is the same - НДСВ), is a liberal[1][6] and populist political party in Bulgaria, created as a personal vehicle of Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Simeon II), the deposed Tsar of Bulgaria and former Prime Minister.

History[edit]

It was founded in April 2001, only 11 weeks ahead of a parliamentary election, after former Tsar Simeon II had announced his intention to become involved in the political life of Bulgaria. He promised to attract foreign investors, reduce taxes and uproot corruption within the first 800 days of his premiership. The movement met with immediate enthusiasm and won 42.7% of the popular vote and 120 out of 240 seats in the 2001 elections. One seat short of an absolute majority, it formed a large coalition with the conservative Union of Democratic Forces, the Bulgarian Socialists, and the ethnic minority party Movement for Rights and Freedoms with Simeon Sakskoburggotski (his official name in Bulgarian since the end of monarchy) becoming Prime Minister. NDSV's popularity descreased markedly when Simeon failed to hold his promises whithin the specified time.[7] However, it was during Simeon's term that Bulgaria entered NATO and prepared the economic and political stability that was prerequisite for the country becoming a member of the European Union in 2007. NDSV party became a full member of the Liberal International at its Sofia Congress in May 2005.

At the 2005 parliamentary election, NDSV's share of votes dropped to 19.9%, the number of seats in parliament to 53. It did, however, remain in office as the junior partner in a coalition led by the Bulgarian Socialist Party. NDSV member Meglena Kuneva served as Bulgarian EU Commissioner charged with consumer protection in the First Barroso Commission from Bulgaria's entry to the EU in 2007 until 2010. The party changed its name in June 2007, removing the name of the founder and leader and replacing it with "Stability and Progress", but retaining its Bulgarian acronym NDSV. The party got just 3.01% of votes at the parliamentary elections of 2009, short of the 4% election threshold. Shortly after, Simeon resigned as NDSV leader on 6 July.[8] Meglena Kuneva left the party to found the Bulgaria for Citizens Movement in July 2012. In the 2013 parliamentary election, the NDSV did not field any candidates. In the 2014 election, it won 0.24% of the votes.

Electoral performance[edit]

Bulgarian National Assembly[edit]

Year Number of votes Percentage of votes Number of seats Position after the election
2001
1,952,513
42.74%
120 / 240
Leading a government coalition with DPS (Sakskoburggotski Government)
2005
725,314
19.9%
53 / 240
Junior partner in a BSP-led government coalition (Stanishev Government)
2009
127,470
3.0%
0 / 240
Extra-parliamentary
2013
Did not run
0 / 240
Extra-parliamentary
2014
0.24%
0 / 240
Extra-parliamentary

European Parliament[edit]

Year Number of votes Percentage of votes Number of seats
2007
121,398
6.27%
1 / 18
2009
205,146
7.96%
2 / 17
2 / 18
(post-Lisbon)
2014
20,487
(KOD coalition)
0.92%
(KOD coalition)
0 / 17

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bakke, Elisabeth (2010), "Central and East European party systems since 1989", Central and Southeast European Politics since 1989 (Cambridge University Press): 78–79, ISBN 978-1-139-48750-4 
  2. ^ Smilov, Daniel (2013). Bulgaria: Perception and Reality. Dangerous Liaisons (The Brookings Institution). p. 186. 
  3. ^ Smilov, Daniel; Jileva, Elena (2009). The politics of Bulgarian citizenship: National identity, democracy and other uses. Citizenship Policies in the New Europe (2nd ed.) (Amsterdam University Press). p. 226. 
  4. ^ Crampton, R.J. (2007). Bulgaria. The Oxford History of Modern Europe. Oxford University Press. p. 414. 
  5. ^ Chary, Frederick B. (2011), The History of Bulgaria, Greenwood, p. 173 
  6. ^ Alfio Cerami (2006). Social Policy in Central and Eastern Europe: The Emergence of a New European Welfare Regime. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 26. ISBN 978-3-8258-9699-7. 
  7. ^ Thompson, Wayne C., ed. (2013). "Bulgaria". The World Today Series: Nordic, Central, and Southeastern Europe (13th ed.) (Stryker-Post). p. 549. 
  8. ^ "Симеон Сакскобургготски подаде оставка" (in Bulgarian). Труд. 2009-07-06. Retrieved 2009-07-07. 

External links[edit]