NEA Jazz Masters
The National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), every year honors up to seven jazz musicians with Jazz Master Awards. The National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Masters Fellowships are the highest honors that the United States bestows upon jazz musicians. The award is usually given late in a performer's career after they have long established themselves.
- 1982: Roy Eldridge, Dizzy Gillespie, Sun Ra
- 1983: Count Basie, Kenny Clarke, Sonny Rollins
- 1984: Ornette Coleman, Miles Davis, Max Roach
- 1985: Gil Evans, Ella Fitzgerald, Jonathan Jones
- 1986: Benny Carter, Dexter Gordon, Teddy Wilson
- 1987: Cleo Patra Brown, Melba Liston, Jay McShann
- 1988: Art Blakey, Lionel Hampton, Billy Taylor
- 1989: Barry Harris, Hank Jones, Sarah Vaughan
- 1990: George Russell, Cecil Taylor, Gerald Wilson
- 1991: Danny Barker, Buck Clayton, Andy Kirk, Clark Terry
- 1992: Betty Carter, Dorothy Donegan, Harry "Sweets" Edison
- 1993: Milt Hinton, Jon Hendricks, Joe Williams
- 1994: Louie Bellson, Ahmad Jamal, Carmen McRae
- 1995: Ray Brown, Roy Haynes, Horace Silver
- 1996: Tommy Flanagan, J. J. Johnson, Benny Golson
- 1997: Billy Higgins, Milt Jackson, Anita O'Day
- 1998: Ron Carter, James Moody, Wayne Shorter
- 1999: Dave Brubeck, Art Farmer, Joe Henderson
- 2000: David Baker, Donald Byrd, Marian McPartland
- 2001: John Lewis, Jackie McLean, Randy Weston
- 2002: Frank Foster, Percy Heath, McCoy Tyner
- 2003: Jimmy Heath, Elvin Jones, Abbey Lincoln
- 2004: Jim Hall, Chico Hamilton, Herbie Hancock, Luther Henderson, Nancy Wilson, Nat Hentoff
- 2005: Kenny Burrell, Paquito D'Rivera, Slide Hampton, Shirley Horn, Artie Shaw, Jimmy Smith, George Wein
- 2006: Ray Barretto, Tony Bennett, Bob Brookmeyer, Chick Corea, Buddy DeFranco, Freddie Hubbard, John Levy
- 2007: Toshiko Akiyoshi, Curtis Fuller, Ramsey Lewis, Dan Morgenstern, Jimmy Scott, Frank Wess, Phil Woods
- 2008: Candido Camero, Andrew Hill, Quincy Jones, Tom McIntosh, Gunther Schuller, Joe Wilder
- 2009: George Benson, Jimmy Cobb, Lee Konitz, Toots Thielemans, Rudy Van Gelder, Snooky Young
- 2010: Muhal Richard Abrams, George Avakian, Kenny Barron, Bill Holman, Bobby Hutcherson, Yusef Lateef, Annie Ross, Cedar Walton
- 2011: Hubert Laws, David Liebman, Johnny Mandel, Orrin Keepnews, and the Marsalis Family (Ellis Marsalis, Jr., Branford Marsalis, Wynton Marsalis, Delfeayo Marsalis, and Jason Marsalis)
- 2012: Jack DeJohnette, Von Freeman, Charlie Haden, Sheila Jordan, Jimmy Owens
- 2013: Mose Allison, Lou Donaldson, Lorraine Gordon, Eddie Palmieri, Anthony Braxton
- National Endowment for the Arts. "NEA Jazz Masters: By year". Washington: National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved July 19, 2010.
- Friedwald, Will (July 19, 2010). "A Jazz Colossus Steps Out". The Wall Street Journal (New York: Dow Jones & Co.). ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
- Fordham, John (August 15, 2010). "Abbey Lincoln obituary". The Guardian (London: Guardian Media Group). ISSN 0261-3077. OCLC 60623878. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
- National Endowment for the Arts. "2010 Fellowships Recipients". Washington: National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved July 19, 2010.
- National Endowment for the Arts (June 24, 2010). "National Endowment for the Arts Announces the 2011 NEA Jazz Masters". Washington: National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved July 19, 2010. "For the first time in the program's 29-year history, in addition to four individual awards, the NEA will present a group award to the Marsalis family, New Orleans' venerable first family of jazz."
- "National Endowment for the Arts Announces the 2012 NEA Jazz Masters". Retrieved July 16, 2011.
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