NEOShield is an international planetary defense initiative to study ways to detect and defend against the threat to humanity of impacts from near-Earth objects (NEOs). Project participants are drawn from a number of European countries as well as Russia and the United States.
NEOShield’s aim is to provide detailed test mission designs for the more feasible mitigation concepts, so that it will be possible to quickly develop a test mission later on. The project includes laboratory experiments and modeling of NEO behavior during a deflection in order to understand the nature of NEOs. NEOShield also works on creating a global response campaign roadmap to be used by political decision makers if the threat of an impact arises.
The NEOShield consortium comprises German Aerospace Centre DLR Institute of Planetary Research (Project Coordinator), Paris Observatory (France), French National Centre for Scientific Research (France), The Open University (United Kingdom), Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics (Ernst-Mach-Institut, Germany), Queen's University of Belfast (United Kingdom), Astrium (France, Germany, and United Kingdom), Deimos Space (Spain), SETI Institute Corporation - Carl Sagan Center (United States), Russian Federal Space Agency - TsNIIMash (Russia), Surrey Space Centre - University of Surrey (United Kingdom).
- Jonathan Amos (2011-01-22). "NEOShield to assess Earth defence". BBC News.
- Sarah Korones (2011-01-22). "Scientists assess likelihood of Earth-impacting comets".
- "A Global Approach to Near-Earth Object Impact Threat Mitigation". CORDIS.
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